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Cablegate: Afghan Police: Anap/Abp Training Surge Update

VZCZCXRO2971
PP RUEHPW
DE RUEHBUL #1495/01 1710854
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 190854Z JUN 08
FM AMEMBASSY KABUL
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4433
INFO RUCNAFG/AFGHANISTAN COLLECTIVE
RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/OSD WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUMICEA/JICCENT MACDILL AFB FL
RHMFIUU/COMSOCCENT MACDILL AFB FL

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 KABUL 001495

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR SCA/FO A/DAS CAMP, SCA/A, S/CRS, S/CT, EUR/RPM,
INL/CIVPOL
STATE PASS TO USAID FOR AID/ANE, AID/DCHA/DG,
NSC FOR JWOOD
OSD FOR SHIVERS
CENTCOM FOR CSTC-A, CG CJTF-82, POLAD

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PINS MARR AF
SUBJECT: AFGHAN POLICE: ANAP/ABP TRAINING SURGE UPDATE

REF: A. KABUL 1030
B. 07 KABUL 3848
C. 07 KABUL 3054

Summary
-------

1. In the onward press of the Focused District Development
(FDD) program to train and equip the Afghan National Police
(reftels), the network of police-training facilities has been
running at full capacity. Most of the network capacity of
about about 3,500 spaces is now dedicated to FDD-related
training; however, other training imperatives remain,
particularly 1) transitioning Afghan National Auxiliary
Police (ANAP) into the regular police force before the ANAP
program expires on October 1, 2008; and 2) training up units
for the undermanned Afghan Border Police (ABP). To reach
those goals, the U.S.-led Combined Security Transition
Command-Afghanistan (CSTC-A) has initiated a training surge,
accommodated at a range of temporary sites. The surge
represents a short-term solution until the National Police
Training Center is opened in Wardak Province later this year.
The intent of this effort is to facilitate FDD while
transitioning as many of the 5,000 ANAP as possible over to
the regular police force by October 1. It is also to improve
the quality and quantity of the ABP, currently manned at 65
percent, in particular on the Pakistani border. In early
May, Emboffs visited Nangarhar Province to assess the
training surge's progress.

Introduction
------------

2. Defeating the Afghan insurgency requires both a strong
Afghan National Army and capable Afghan National Police (ANP)
corps. In December 2007, CSTC-A embarked on the Focused
District Development (FDD) program, a country-wide police
training program to train and equip the ANP, district by
district, within five years. Along with FDD, CSTC-A is
executing the 2007-08 ANP training surge, which focuses on
the Afghan Border Police (ABP) and the Afghan National
Auxiliary Police (ANAP). The ANAP were established in 2006
as a temporary program to field additional police units
rapidly to high-threat
districts, mainly in the south and east. Although many ANAP
slots were never filled, and while these lightly-trained
police are of unreliable quality, local commanders and
governors rely upon them in the absence of other forces.

3. Within the broader effort to reform and professionalize
Afghan police, transitioning as many of the 9,318 serving
ANAP as possible into regular police service is imperative.
Although efforts are under way to fill all of the 82,000
authorized ANP positions with new recruits, the ANAP
represent an existing pool of recruits that already has some
policing experience. ANAP troops receive a scant two weeks
of basic training, whereas AUP basic training consists of an
eight-week course followed by sustainment training. (For
comparison, the basic course for what is considered the best
of ANP, the Afghan National Civil Order Police (ANCOP), is 16
weeks.) Since the ANAP program is scheduled to end on
October 1, 2008, individual ANAP patrolmen must either
complete a three-week sustainment training course to qualify
for transition to the AUP or ABP or they will be removed from
the police payroll. CSTC-A will ensure that ANAP in
FDD-targeted districts receive the necessary training and
equipment to make the transition, but ANAP in other districts
must complete their training elsewhere if they wish to remain
in the force. The training surge is also targeted at the
ABP, who remain under authorized strength. For the moment,
ANAP and ABP training takes place principally at selected,
existing
Forward Operating Bases (FOBs) and other facilities on a
space-available basis. DynCorp mentors under contract to INL
oversee instruction, which is administered by certified

KABUL 00001495 002 OF 002


Afghan trainers.

4. By the end of the ANAP program on October 1, 2,480 ANAP
are targeted to receive the eight-week basic course along
with the rest of the AUP units in their district, thus
bypassing surge training altogether. These ANAP may
transition straight into AUP without completing the
sustainment course, as long as they meet all other program
requirements. ANAP in districts targeted by FDD after
October 1, if they receive the three-week sustainment course
and fulfill other program requirements, may remain on the job
until the FDD program reaches their districts. As of May 18,
1,790 ANAP had completed the three-week sustainment training
and another 628 additional ANAP are currently in sustainment
training. That leaves an estimated 5,048 additional ANAP
still to be trained. (NOTE: Confirming accurate numbers for
ANAP remains difficult and is being addressed in the context
of overall payroll reform efforts. In any event, many ANAP
patrolmen will choose not to join the AUP, and a number will
likely be unqualified to transition to the ANP. END NOTE.)

5. The ABP is approximately 70 percent manned, with 12,761 of
18,003 positions filled. 648 ABP are scheduled to graduate
from basic training by July 26, and 124 will complete
advanced training by June 2. FOB Hughie in Nangarhar Province
is one of the 16 FOBs nationwide that was selected to host
surge training. It is located near Highway 1, which runs
from the Torkham Gate in the east, past FOB Hughie and
through the provincial capital of Jalalabad. About 290 ABP
personnel are currently receiving basic training at this FOB,
and Emboff spoke with several who expressed satisfaction with
their instructors and the quality of the course. CSTC-A is
responsible for providing life support and for ensuring that
the facilities are properly equipped and supplied, while
DynCorp mentors under contract to INL oversee instruction by
Afghan instructors.

6. As with other programs, implementation under conditions
experienced in Afghanistan poses severe challenges and
requires creative teamwork. Local Afghan contractors provide
uneven quality in food delivery and construction; latrine,
sink and shower units have not held up well under the troops'
daily use. ABP unit commanders, based a few miles away in
the provincial capital of Jalalabad, have provided limited
support; however, on the day we visited, an ABP two-star
general was on hand to address pay issues for the troops.
Although DynCorp mentors visit the FOB each training day, the
ANA unit that secures the FOB is unable to provide secure
overnight billeting for these mentors. While the ANA troops
remain on hand to provide security, the lack of overnight
supervision for trainees has left them vulnerable to
disciplinary issues. Mentors have expelled two trainees for
violations of the drug policy but cannot block after-hours
access for those individuals. The Ministry of Interior
dispatched a partial complement of trainers on time, but the
U.S. team has struggled to keep the course on track pending
the uncertain arrival of remaining instructors.

Comment
-------

7. Despite these challenges, the training surge is
contributing toward the transitioning of ANAP to regular
police service while providing much-needed training to the
ABP. Lessons learned will probably lead to a reduction in
the overall number of training sites. Ultimately, planners
aim to complete ANAP training by September 1 in order to
allow a thirty-day cushion to pick up stragglers and complete
administrative processing before the ANAP program expires.
This training surge will preserve the joint U.S. and Afghan
investment in these troops -- and reduce the numbers who
transition to local militias or other unwelcome outcomes.
DELL

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