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Cablegate: Faryab: Stable Security, but Provincial Officials'

VZCZCXRO1942
RR RUEHIK RUEHPOD RUEHPW RUEHYG
DE RUEHBUL #1576 1761202
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 241202Z JUN 08
FM AMEMBASSY KABUL
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 4487
INFO RUCNAFG/AFGHANISTAN COLLECTIVE
RUEHZG/NATO EU COLLECTIVE
RUEKJCS/OSD WASHINGTON DC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHINGTON DC
RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RHEHAAA/NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHINGTON DC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHINGTON DC

UNCLAS KABUL 001576

DEPARTMENT FOR SCA/FO, SCA/A, S/CRS, EUR/RPM
NSC FOR WOOD
OSD FOR WILKES
CENTCOM FOR CG CSTC-A, CG CJTF-101 POLAD

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL PTER ECON AF
SUBJECT: FARYAB: STABLE SECURITY, BUT PROVINCIAL OFFICIALS'
PERFORMANCE IS MIXED
1. (U) Summary: Faryab suffered a severe winter and is currently
suffering drought. Faryab is generally secure. Provincial
governance performance remains mixed; the Governor and the

Provincial Council President are positive forces, while other
government institutions such as the provincial police and line
ministries need improvement.
Security: Stable but Fragile
----------------------------
2. (SBU) Faryab security remains stable but fragile. The two
principal threats are:
- Destabilizing activities by insurgents from Badghis's Ghormach
district. This activity has potential to stir up ethnic tensions
between Badghis's Pashtuns and Faryab's Uzbeks. It could escalate
violence and inter-tribal retaliations.
- Dostum's Junbesh Party. While there have been no recent problems
with Junbesh, it remains the major political force in the province
and can quickly create protests and/or disturbances.
3. (SBU) Radical Uzbeks from Ankhoi and Dawlatabad districts
represent a growing security concern. PRT Maymana believes some
mosques in these districts have ties to the Islamic Movement of
Uzbekistan (IMU) and Pakistan. There are also indications that
Uzbeks from these areas actively participate in the Badghis
insurgency.
4. (SBU) ANSF in Faryab consists of Afghan National Army (ANA) and
Afghan National Police (ANP), which includes the Afghan Border
Police (ABP). The ANA is trusted, while the ANP and the ABP among
them are less respected. At PRT Maymana, the Norwegians are growing
in capability and numbers. They have added three helicopters to the
PRT and plan to add more troops as RC North's Quick Reaction Force
transitions from Norwegian to German troops.
Development: Ring Road and Schools are Priorities
--------------------------------------------- ----
5. (U) Road clearing for the Ring Road is nearing completion and
asphalting continues. Electrical power is largely limited to the
power line connecting Maymana to the Turkmenistan power grid.
Norwegian funds will fund water and sanitation projects and rural
development.

6. (U) The Government of Norway (GoN) is paying special attention to
school construction and teacher training. It has budgeted funds for
the construction of 82 primary schools for 2008 and another 140 in
2009. PRT Maymana has coordinated the school construction through
the Ministry of Education. The Norwegians will provide the funds to
the Ministry of Education, which will then be responsible for the
construction. The GoN, through the Norwegian Refugee Council, is
training teachers in Afghanistan's northern provinces. Since they
started the program, they have trained about 4000 teachers. In
2007, they trained 1130 teachers in Faryab.

Governance: Shafaq is Effective, PTS is Broken
--------------------------------------------- -
7. (U) Governor Shafaq is involved in the details of governance. He
has proven adept at maintaining the provincial balance of power
between GIRoA and Junbesh elements. The Provincial Council (PC) is
weak, poorly attended, and inactive. Line ministry performance
varies considerably. The line ministry for Education is the most
organized and effective. Faryab suffered a severe winter and is
currently suffering from a drought. These back-to-back problems
will test the provincial government if they lead to large-scale
unemployment, internally displaced persons, and disputes over scarce
resources.
8. (SBU) The Program Takhim-E-Sohl (PTS) for insurgent
reconciliation is weak at best; it is unclear if PTS officials have
even visited the province. To fill the void, PC President Jinab
formed a Peace and Reconciliation Council. Led by Jinab and
consisting of provincial warlords, elders and other government
officials, the council has attracted insurgents to negotiate with
the government and participate in the Disarmament of Illegally Armed
Groups progam.
9. (U) PRT Maymana is very involved with Rule of Law (RoL) work.
The GoN has assigned police advisors, prison advisors, and a legal
advisor to monitor and mentor the provincial judicial system. The
PRT Legal Advisor says that there has been an 80 percent increase in
the caseload heard by the provincial court system since Norwegian
RoL efforts began in 2006.
WOOD

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