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Cablegate: Goma Notes: Malu Malu Returns ... And Departs

VZCZCXRO2943
PP RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0504/01 1580945
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 060945Z JUN 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 8089
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 KINSHASA 000504

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL MOPS KPKO CG
SUBJECT: GOMA NOTES: MALU MALU RETURNS ... AND DEPARTS


1. (SBU) Summary: Amani program Coordinator Malu Malu said May 27
that provincial-level working groups implementing disengagement
decisions of the Joint Commission on Peace and Security must trump
Nkunda's insistence on subcommittee-level cells manned from the
field. Although Amani is strapped for cash, Malu Malu is satisfied
that the finance minister is distributing its funds properly and
understands its future needs. Lack of money cast a long shadow over
the May 28-29 initial attempts to reconvene the Commission following
the public awareness program, as the co-presidents struggled to
manage South Kivu Mai-Mai demands for immediate guaranteed benefits.
Privately, Malu Malu raised concerns about the continued absence of
the FRF from the process, and Mai-Mai establishment of several
irregular "pre-cantonment" sites. The Commission has yet to
confront the massive IDP and refugee problem. End summary.

Malu Malu back on scene
-----------------------

2. (SBU) Amani Program National Coordinator Apollinaire Malu Malu
made a timely return to Goma May 27. He did not immediately step
onto the stage but first consulted with representatives of the
International Facilitation about re-starting the work of the Joint
Commission on Peace and Security, and reiterated his vision of where
the Amani program stands.

3. (SBU) Malu Malu said he wanted all members of the Commission to
be present in Goma, including the FRF, even if it claims it wants to
resign. He insisted that growing arguments about brassage not
overlap onto disengagement questions. He favored immediate action
on three fronts.

-- First, the international community should endorse and finance the
Kimoka "peace camp."

-- Second, the Commission should initiate a new public awareness
campaign for representatives of armed groups to speak to communities
other than their own, in order to broaden understanding of the Amani
program. The Commission would select and deputize these agents.

-- Third, the Commission must name provincial staff for four working
groups who will be not just the best people for the job, but also
the best representatives of the Commission.

Facilitation representatives cautioned that Nkunda's vision of
provincial staff conflicts with the working group model. Nkunda
thinks that staffers, who would include himself, should be of the
field and in the field, operating small implementation cells. Malu
Malu was unfazed.

4. (SBU) Malu Malu was also remarkably cool about Amani's cash
shortage. He was certain that everyone would be paid at the end of
the month and that the finance minister could make new funds
available without inviting criticism from the IMF or World Bank.
After all, he said, the Commission is a short-term institution, and
gets no long-term cushion. (Note: Malu Malu seemed unaware that
Facilitation donors had agreed the previous week in Kinshasa they
could not now unblock new money for Amani. End note.)

South Kivu armed groups
-----------------------

5. (SBU) Commission Co-President Admiral Didier Etumba found two
important groups absent on his return to the Commission May 28:
CNDP members were delayed by transportation problems, and FRF was
(presumably) boycotting. A quorum was likely present, but Etumba
did not convene the meeting, apparently sensing the possibility of a
confrontation with representatives of South Kivu armed groups (i.e.,
Mai-Mai).

6. (SBU) The following day, these groups insisted on

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