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Cablegate: Goma Notes 06/07/08: Un Security Council Visits Goma

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RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0513 1620725
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 100725Z JUN 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8104
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0597
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000513

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL MOPS PHUM PREF KPKO CG UN EUN
SUBJECT: GOMA NOTES 06/07/08: UN SECURITY COUNCIL VISITS GOMA


1. (SBU) Visiting UNSC ambassadors, including Ambassador Garvelink
representing the U.S., listened with interest and appreciation June
7 to arguments advanced by Apollinaire Malu Malu, President of the
Independent Electoral Commission and National Coordinator of the
Amani Program, for support to extend state authority, support
security sector reform (SSR) and assist stabilizing eastern Congo.
He stressed the need for further resources to demilitarize of all
foreign and Congolese armed groups to support parallel progress in
the Goma and Nairobi processes.

2. (SBU) The ambassadors asked EU Great Lakes Special Envoy Roeland
van de Geer and A/S Frazer's Senior Advisor Shortley to detail their
current and ongoing engagements both processes. Van de Geer echoed
Malu Malu's arguments that significant resource and capacity gaps
threaten successful conclusion of both processes. He pressed the
ambassadors to help mobilize resources to meet on-the-ground
security, protection and stabilization requirements.

3. (SBU) The ambassadors asked what specific action they could take
in New York to respond to these needs. Van de Geer called for
temporary deployment of special forces equipped with force
multipliers, including intelligence and logistic resources, as a
critical surge to implement the Nairobi and Goma process and,
ultimately, assist in securing MONUC's exit from the Congo.

4. (SBU) Shortley noted that such a surge capacity could assist not
only with disarming the FDLR or Nkunda, but with civilian protection
and "push operations" against the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in
northern Congo, in coordination with governments of the region. He
stated that recent LRA activity in Congo, Central African Republic
and South Sudan had resulted in the abduction of 300-500 persons,
displacement of 5,000 people. He said that the International
Criminal Court (ICC) believes that the LRA has ongoing training
programs and multiple camps between Garamba in Congo and Obo in the
CAR along the Sudanese border.

5. (SBU) The ambassadors asked SRSG Doss if MONUC needed additional
capacity to deal with the FDLR, Nkunda and LRA or to implement the
Nairobi and Goma agreements. Doss said that specialized capacity,
particularly intelligence and logistics, is needed to deal with LRA
and FDLR forces,. Doss stated that MONUC had not envisaged
implementing the Goma and Nairobi agreements,which were signed
after its late 2007 planning pocess. He said that significant
forces are needd to secure "disengagement and demilitarization
reas."

6. (SBU) The ambasadors were supportive of the temporary surge
concept, and agreed to discuss it further with MONUC, the Congolese
government and within the Security Council.

GARVELINK

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