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Cablegate: Urgent Request for Demarche On June 23 Unsc

VZCZCXRO0581
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN RUEHTRO
DE RUEHC #6915/01 1750202
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 230202Z JUN 08
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON IMMEDIATE 8147
RUEHFR/AMEMBASSY PARIS IMMEDIATE 9597
RUEHBS/AMEMBASSY BRUSSELS IMMEDIATE 0727
RUEHVB/AMEMBASSY ZAGREB IMMEDIATE 1072
RUEHRO/AMEMBASSY ROME IMMEDIATE 6799
RUEHSJ/AMEMBASSY SAN JOSE IMMEDIATE 8899
RUEHZP/AMEMBASSY PANAMA IMMEDIATE 2611
RUEHOU/AMEMBASSY OUAGADOUGOU IMMEDIATE 7352
INFO SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHSB/AMEMBASSY HARARE IMMEDIATE 2645

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 STATE 066915

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL PHUM KDEM UNSC ZI
SUBJECT: URGENT REQUEST FOR DEMARCHE ON JUNE 23 UNSC
MEETING ON ZIMBABWE

1. This is an action request. See Paragraph 2.

Objective
---------

2. The UN Security Council will be discussing Zimbabwe June
23. Action addressees are requested to demarche host
governments at an appropriately senior level, as soon as
possible, to attain strong support for a Presidential
Statement (PRST) being submitted by the UK and requiring the
consensus of all UNSC members for adoption. Action
addressees should also seek national statements by host
governments to echo the content of the Presidential
Statement. In the event consensus cannot be reached on a
Presidential Statement, we may need to consider putting
forward a resolution for adoption at the earliest possible
time. Support from all action addressees will be necessary
to place Zimbabwe formally on the Council's agenda and to
keep the June 23 meeting public. Action addressees should
remind host governments of the need to instruct their UN
delegations prior to the meeting, which takes place June 23
at 1500 EDT.

Background
----------

3. With South Africa dropping its long-standing objections to
a formal UNSC meeting on Zimbabwe, and other UNSC members
following its lead, USUN scheduled a formal meeting on
Zimbabwe for Monday June 23. On June 22, Movement for
Democratic Change (MDC) presidential candidate Morgan
Tsvangirai issued a public statement saying he would not
participate in the runoff election due to the violence that
had taken place against the party and its supporters since
the first round of voting on March 29. The MDC's statement
cited a number of reasons why a free and fair election is
impossible, including:

- state-sponsored violence and threats against MDC
supporters;
- the regime's preventing Tsvangirai from conducting an
election campaign through unlawful arrests and prohibiting
MDC rallies;
- the partisanship of the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission;
- lack of access to the media;
- Mugabe's statements that an MDC victory would not be
accepted;
- planned election rigging, and
- other factors that prevented a credible election.

4. Tsvangirai's decision now shifts the focus of UNSC
discussion and a potential outcome PRST to the impossibility
of a free and fair election on June 27 and the impact of the
situation on the wider region.

Talking Points
--------------

5. Posts may draw on the following points:

-- The recent action by the Government of Zimbabwe (GOZ) in
violently preventing lawful assembly and freedom of
expression with stepped up violence targeting the opposition
and its supporters have eliminated the political space
necessary to conduct elections on June 27.

-- There are disturbing press reports that election observers
were assaulted during the ruling party's efforts to prevent a
peaceful MDC party rally on June 22.

-- The campaign of violence and the restrictions on the
political opposition have made it impossible for a free and
fair election to take place on June 27.

-- As a result, the decision by the Movement for Democratic
Change to withdraw from the election is understandable.

-- The situation is having an impact on the wider region.

STATE 00066915 002 OF 002


-- UNSC members should join in consensus on the Presidential
statement being put forward by Britain for discussion June 23.

-- Action Addressee host governments should make national
statements echoing the points in the PRST.

-- The Security Council should remain seized of the Zimbabwe
issue and a separate vote, requiring the support of all
action addressee host governments, may be necessary to make
Zimbabwe a UNSC agenda item.

- We need all action addressee host governments' support.
RICE

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