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Cablegate: Mfa Action On Unsc Zimbabwe Sanctions Resolution

VZCZCXRO5345
PP RUEHTRO
DE RUEHSJ #0594/01 1932226
ZNY CCCCC ZZH
P 112226Z JUL 08
FM AMEMBASSY SAN JOSE
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 9935
INFO RUEHGG/UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY

C O N F I D E N T I A L SECTION 01 OF 02 SAN JOSE 000594

SIPDIS

DEPARTMENT FOR WHA/CEN, IO/UNP RMEYER AND RGOLDENBERG, USUN
JDELAURENTIS.

E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/11/2018
TAGS: UNSC PREL PHUM ZI XA ZU CS
SUBJECT: MFA ACTION ON UNSC ZIMBABWE SANCTIONS RESOLUTION
SHOWS GOCR'S STYLE

REF: A. STATE 73173
B. SAN JOSE/IO EMAIL (HENIFIN/MEYER)--07/09/08
C. SAN JOSE/IO EMAIL (NEELY/GOLDENBERG)--07/09/08
D. IO/SAN JOSE EMAIL (MEYER/NEELY)--07-09-08
E. STATE 74375
F. SAN JOSE 458

Classified By: DCM Peter M. Brennan for reason 1.4(d).

1. (C) SUMMARY: On July 11, after a week of
back-and-forthing between San Jose, Washington and New York,
the MFA confirmed support of the U.S. draft UNSC Zimbabwe
sanctions resolution. However, the MFA said that PermRep
Urbina would offer an explanation for the vote -- presumably
to signal the GOCR's disappointment in not having all its
desired language included. We believe this reflects the
strong GOCR interest in making a mark on the UNSC, especially
on human rights- or democracy-related issues, which Costa
Rica views as areas of expertise. END SUMMARY.

2. (SBU) For the record, on July 9, we delivered talking
points on the US Zimbabwe sanctions resolution, per Ref A,
to Antonio Alarcon, Chief of Staff to FonMin Stagno; Adriana
Murillo, MFA UNSC Team Leader; and Juan Salas, UNSC
Desk Officer. We reported delivery of the demarche on July 9
in Ref B. Last week's phone call by AS Shannon to FonMin
Stagno evidently helped keep the MFA energized on this issue,
although Stagno was inclined to take a strong stance anyway.

3. (SBU) Also on July 9, Alarcon told DCM that the GOCR was
supportive of the resolution, and Alarcon did not discount
the GOCR's UN Mission finally signing on the resolution as
is. However, he said that Costa Rica would continue to push
to add language concerning democracy and free elections (see
below), which the MFA believed made the resolution
stronger.

4. (SBU) The MFA provided us its recommended changes later on
July 9, which we forwarded by separate email on the OpenNet
(Ref C). Please find the unofficial translation of pertinent
text of the GOCR's introduction and the text of
the GOCR's desired changes, as of the afternoon of July 9,
below. Murillo specifically requested clarification on the
time line for the resolution (which we understand may have
been voted on today, July 11.)

5. (SBU) Begin unofficial translation of MFA rationale for
changes and English-provided text of the requested changes:

Costa Rica considers free and fair elections a central
element in the promotion and protection of Human Rights and
the State of Law.

States have the responsibility to assure necessary measures
to facilitate effective participation in their electoral
processes.

The situation in Zimbabwe, since last March, the disrespect
of the will of its people, the political violence, the
murders, torture, generalized aggressions and detentions of
presumed opposition-party members, obliges the Security
Council to respond and act accordingly.

Costa Rica:
--Welcomes the draft resolution presented and considers it a
positive step for Council action.
--Welcomes with special approval the inclusion of language
regarding the necessity to establish responsibilities in
relation to human rights abuses and to establish justice.
--Signals as especially important that the parameters for
establishing sanctions are clearly defined.
--Considers that this is a grand opportunity for democracies
and that the triggering elements for Security Council
intervention should be adequately framed and clearly
established.

In this sense, Costa Rica proposes to make reference to the
beginning of periodic and genuine elections in the
Universal Declaration, according to the following language:

PP 4 bis
Recalling relevant General Assembly resolutions with regards
to enhancing the effectiveness of the principle of periodic
and genuine elections, including resolutions 45/150 and
62/150).

PP 14.1.bis
Recalling the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted
on 10 December 1948, in particular the principle that the

SAN JOSE 00000594 002 OF 002


will of the people, as expressed through periodic and genuine
elections, shall be the basis of government authority, as
well as the right freely to choose representatives through
periodic and genuine elections, which shall be by universal
and equal suffrage and held by secret vote or by equivalent
free voting procedures (62/150).

PP 14.2.bis
Stressing its conviction that periodic and genuine elections
are a necessary and indispensable element of sustained
efforts to protect the rights and interests of the governed
and that, as a matter of practical experience, the right of
everyone to take part in the government of his or her country
is a crucial factor in the effective enjoyment by all of a
wide range of other human rights and fundamental freedoms,
embracing political, economic, social and cultural rights
(45/150).

The proposed language is the language accorded by General
Assembly resolutions A/RES/45/150, approved with 129 in
favor, 8 opposed and 9 abstentions, and A/RES/62/150,
approved with 182 in favor, none opposed, and 2 abstentions.

END TEXT of MFA communication.

6. (SBU) On July 11, we delivered Ref E to Adriana Murillo,
MFA UNSC Team Leader who was handling the Zimbabwe issue.
She reiterated that Costa Rica would vote in favor of our
resolution because they considered the situation in Zimbabwe
unacceptable. However, the GOCR felt "obliged to give an
explanation of vote." (Based on her reply, we assume that
their statement will have to do with all their desired
language not being included.)

7. (C) COMMENT: We understand that energetic USUN lobbying
evidently resolved the language issue late on July 9. We
also understand that the proposed Costa Rican changes
actually went deeper into preambular and operative language
than we were led to believe by our interlocutors here (who
may not have had the absolute latest information when we
contacted them). Given the fluid and fast-moving nature of
these discussions in New York, and the likelihood that
there will be similar situations in the future, we appreciate
any Costa Rica-specific details or "color" that USUN or
IO/UNP can provide (by email or phone) to better equip us to
help in cases like this. When it is feasible to get Costa
Rica's input and buy-in during the drafting process of
(especially human rights- or democracy-related) resolutions,
Costa Rican cooperation may increase. Like the earlier
Prisoners of Conscience Declaration (Ref F), the Zimbabwe
resolution seems to reflect the strong GOCR interest in
making a mark on the UNSC, especially on human rights- or
democracy-related issues, which Costa Rica views as areas of
expertise. We expect that the GOCR will continue to insist
that its views be given more weight in these areas.
CIANCHETTE

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