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Cablegate: July Eapc: Osce Brief, Unscr 1325, Defense

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RUEHSI/AMEMBASSY TBILISI IMMEDIATE 5625
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C O N F I D E N T I A L USNATO 000251

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E.O. 12958: DECL: 07/09/2018
TAGS: PREL MARR NATO AORC AM AJ RU GG SW FI AF
SUBJECT: JULY EAPC: OSCE BRIEF, UNSCR 1325, DEFENSE
EDUCATION AND TRAINING

Classified By: Charge d'Affaires Richard G. Olson, Jr.
for reasons 1.4 (b) and (d)

1. (C) Summary: During their July 9 meeting, EuroAtlantic
Partnership Council (EAPC) Ambassadors exchanged views with
OSCE Secretary General Marc Perrin de Brichambaut, covering
issues such as Afghanistan, Kosovo, and Georgia. The EAPC
also received a briefing on defense education and training
from Partnership for Peace Consortium Chairman Henri Bigo and
discussed next steps in implementing UNSCR 1325 on women,
peace and security. In a separate meeting with the Charge, de
Brichambaut said the Russians had specifically asked him to
pass on their offer to support the U.S. desire for increased
OSCE cooperation on Afghanistan, in exchange for unspecified
concessions in other areas. End summary.

OSCE Secretary General's Presentation
-------------------------------------

2. (C) OSCE SYG Marc Perrin de Brichambaut told the EAPC that
NATO and the OSCE have a shared interest in promoting
stability. He said the last 12 months have tested the
commitment of nations to the OSCE principles at the most
basic level. After highlighting the challenges facing the
OSCE in election monitoring and assisting with the unresolved
conflicts in Georgia, de Brichambaut shared his fear that the
"deeply rooted impasse" in Kosovo may have entered a long
period of ambiguity. De Brichambaut expressed his belief that
international action is vital to protect human rights and
fundamental freedoms in the Balkans. He also observed that
OSCE action in Afghanistan and Central Asia was a part of the
long term effort to consolidate security and democracy in
these areas. De Brichambaut said OSCE effectiveness in
Afghanistan will depend on the support of international
organizations, other key countries, and Russia. De
Brichambaut said the impasse over Russian suspension of the
Conventional Forces in Europe Treaty concerns the entire OCSE
community due to the importance of military transparency.
Finally de Brichambaut asserted that the OSCE itself can only
be effective insofar as the member states use it as a
toolbox. He argued that political-military considerations
cannot exist independently from economic and human-dimension
concerns. In conclusion he said he looked forward to closer
work with NATO, including through staff-to-staff
consultations.

3. (C) In response, Finland said that enhancing OSCE-NATO
cooperation is a priority for its chairmanship of the OSCE.
Austria, Spain, Germany and France asked what the OSCE could
do to enhance its role in Afghanistan, with Spain and Germany
specifically mentioning elections as an area to focus on.
Spain, Greece, and Hungary asked about OSCE activity in
Kosovo, while the Serbian representative took this
opportunity to express his thanks for a statement in 2007 by
de Brichambaut that Kosovo could become a precedent. Serbia
also expressed "profound gratitude" to the countries present
that had not recognized Kosovo. Russia said the OSCE should
play an adequate role in international security, and hoped
nations could work together to creatively solve the CFE
impasse.

4. (C) Georgia expressed gratitude to the OSCE SYG, saying
the OSCE had been helpful in the separatist conflicts. The
Czech Republic supported this view and called for more OSCE,
EU, and UN attention in the South Caucasus. Russia expressed
concern about escalating tensions in Georgia adding that
Moscow could not agree with the suggestion that peacekeeping
formats for the separatist conflicts be changed.

5. (C) Armenia spoke of the OSCE as a key asset for conflict
resolution, prompting Azerbaijan to assert its commitment to
democracy, human, rights and the rule of law. Azerbaijan and
Armenia traded well-known positions on the situation in
Nagorno Karabakh, causing other delegations to roll their
eyes at the proceedings.

6. (C) U.S. Charge Olson deployed guidance praising the work
of OSCE in promoting human rights and democratic elections in
Europe and Eurasia. Olson highlighted the work of ODIHR,
which, he said, is at the forefront of promoting, protecting
and defending shared values that are critical to democracy

and democratic development. He called on the OSCE to play a
proactive and creative role in working on the frozen
conflicts. The U.S. also strongly supported the OSCE's
engagement in Afghanistan, asserting that activities must
take place inside of Afghanistan to have any real impact.

OSCE Secretary General's Bilat with the U.S. Charge
--------------------------------------------- ------

7. (C) In a separate meeting with Charge Olson, de
Brichambaut suggested that the Russians were not yet in
support of the OSCE proposals for Afghanistan. He said the
Russians had directly asked him why "the U.S. does not ask us
directly to support their proposal" and that they had added
that if the U.S. were to do so "we will see what we might ask
of them." He said Russia had asked him to relay that message
directly to the U.S. He did not know what specifically they
might be seeking from the U.S., but was clear that the
Russians see the U.S. as the demandeur on this program.

8. (C) Charge Olson replied that the U.S. tries to avoid
linked deals of the sort the Russians seem to be seeking.
While the Russians repeatedly try to initiate negotiations of
this kind, the U.S. usually resists their efforts to make a
grand bargain and prefers to stick to the specifics of an
issue. The SYG noted that the Russians should ideally
realize that secure borders for Afghanistan were in Russia's
interest too. The SYG's Chief of Staff Paul Fritch remarked
that involvement of the CSTO was the most obvious demand the
Russians would seek. The Charge responded that such a request
would likely be a bridge too far in a NATO context.

9. (C) Olson stressed the importance of the OSCE program
operating inside Afghanistan. De Brichambaut replied that he
would have to take things one step at a time -- once the
program is approved the OSCE can look at other options, such
as increasing the presence inside Afghanistan and training
the Afghan customs force. Reacting to the comments of
several nations in the EAPC meeting that the OSCE should play
a role in assisting with the set up of the Afghan elections,
the SYG said he would discuss the possibility with the head
of ODHIR and thought it would be politically and financially
feasible.

10. (C) The SYG said he has been telling the Russians that,
if they were serious about Medvedev's proposal for a European
Security Treaty, they would need to define it more and decide
in which venue it will be discussed. The SYG said he had
discussed with Russian Deputy FM Grushko the possibility of
using OSCE Vienna as the venue. Grushko had told him Russia
felt it could not wait until the next U.S. administration to
begin talks on this issue.

11. (C) The SYG asked about the July 18 Friends of Kosovo
meeting in Brussels, saying he had been hearing from many
participants that they are not expecting much to come out of
it. Olson explained the background to the meeting, stressing
that an OSCE and UN presence were important as a way to give
cover to the Turks to allow the EU and NATO to have a meeting
together. The SYG said he would have to protect the Finnish
Presidency from Russian anger about the OSCE participating,
but still thought the OSCE would be able to attend.

Defense Education and Training - Resources Needed
--------------------------------------------- ----

12. (C) During the EAPC Ambassadorial, Mr. Henry Bigo,
Executive Director of the PfP Consortium of Defense Academies
and Security Studies Institute, briefed on EAPC/PfP education
and training goals, programs, and activities. Bigo also
encouraged the EAPC to take a good look at the published Food
for Thought paper (e-mailed to EUR-RPM), which provides the
"way-ahead" for the PfP Consortium. He reminded Ambassadors
that the Consortium relies on a small budget (less than USD
1M per year) and could benefit from additional assistance.

13. (C) Bigo requested three areas of assistance from the
EAPC: (I) A broader base of contributor nations to the
Consortium; (II) Direct-funding by Partner nations to their
defense colleges, institutions, and faculty to serve PfP
Consortium projects, education, and training. (III)

Voluntary contributions of national staff for the Consortium.
(Bigo did not request a specific number, but noted that they
currently rely on 3 full-time staff members).

14. (C) The Secretary General - assisted by Canada - provided
additional background on the Canadian-led PAP-DIB (Defense
Institution Building) Reference Curriculum that aims to
provide NATO partner and emerging partner nations with
in-depth learning objectives and curriculum support on
building and reforming defense institutions. The Curriculum
centers on three themes: public administration and
governance, defense management and economics, and ethics and
leadership.

15. (C) EAPC Partners were quick to support the initiatives
and activities of the PfP Consortium. The U.S. noted support
for the program, encouraged specificity of programming to
Partnership requirements, and requested that activities be
linked to an EAPC Work Plan, IPAP, or PfP PARP criteria.
This theme of "tailoring activities towards Partners'
requirements" was echoed by other nations including
Switzerland, Romania, Georgia, and Azerbaijan. Mr. Bigo
later indicated that it is the Consortium's intent to tailor
activities to Partner nations' needs and requirements.

16. (C) The SECGEN concluded the discussion by appealing to
EAPC nations to review their contributions and assistance,
noting that, "high quality education and training cannot be
made available on the cheap."

UNSCR 1325 - Guidelines and a Policy to be Developed
Sweden to lead a PRT Study in Afghanistan
--------------------------------------------- -------

17. (C) The SYG announced that Allies had decided to adopt
the following approach in developing NATO,s commitment to
the principles of UNSCR 1325:

(I) The International Military Staff (IMS) will task Allied
Command Operations and Allied Command Transformation with
developing "bi-strategic guidelines" that will provide
pragmatic guidance to commanders and their troops.

(II) The NATO International Staff (IS) and the IMS will work
together to develop a policy paper, drawing on national and
international organizational experience.

(III) An ad-hoc working group of Allies (membership to be
determined) will meet to consider the policy, and will then
consult with partners.

(IV) The final paper would be returned to the North Atlantic
Council for endorsement.

18. (C) Allies and Partners welcomed this approach but many
also expressed frustration that it had taken so long to reach
this point. Austria, Canada, Sweden, Denmark, Finland,
Norway, Switzerland, Montenegro, Spain, France and Germany
all spoke of their national support for UNSCR 1325 and looked
forward to progress. France suggested EU work on the issue
could inspire a coherent approach. Swedish Ambassador
Veronika Wand Danielsson announced that Denmark, Finland, the
Netherlands, Norway and Sweden will conduct a joint study on
improving the effectiveness of PRTs in Afghanistan in
applying UNSCR 1325. The study is to be completed by Spring
2009. Wand Danielsson hoped that all Allies and Partners
would support this work, including by accepting researchers
into their PRTs (Note: In a follow up conversation with the
Swedish Mission to NATO, PolOff learned that planning for
this effort is at the earliest stages. The group plans to
meet in Stockholm in September to launch the project
proposal, as well as to plan the study trips. Sweden's
minutes of the group's initial meeting have been forwarded to
EUR/RPM. This development will undoubtedly lead to requests
for U.S. assistance. End note.)
OLSON

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