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Cablegate: Urgent Demarche Seeking Support for Unsc

VZCZCXYZ0002
OO RUEHWEB

DE RUEHC #3173 1920534
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 090220Z JUL 08
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
INFO RUEHSB/AMEMBASSY HARARE PRIORITY 2722-2723
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK PRIORITY 2413-2414

UNCLAS STATE 073173

SENSITIVE

C O R R E C T E D C O P Y (ADDED SENSITIVE CAPTION)

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: UNSC PREL PHUM ZI XA ZU
SUBJECT: URGENT DEMARCHE SEEKING SUPPORT FOR UNSC
RESOLUTION ON ZIMBABWE

REF: STATE 70836

1. (SBU) Summary and Action request: On July 8, the U.S.
will table a draft Security Council resolution on Zimbabwe
and seek a vote on July 9. The draft resolution condemns the
government-sponsored violence that made it impossible to hold
free and fair elections in Zimbabwe and imposes an arms
embargo as well as targeted sanctions against Zimbabwean
officials responsible for the campaign of violence. Action
addressees are requested
to demarche host governments at the Ambassadorial level on an
urgent basis to solicit their support for the resolution
prior to the July 9 vote. Posts are requested to respond as
quickly as possible by e-mail or cables slugged for
IO/UNP-Rebecca Goldenberg. End Summary and Action Request.

2. (U) Talking Points:

-- The Security Council will vote on the draft resolution on
Zimbabwe on July 9. We urge you to support the draft
resolution to send the strongest possible signal to Mr.
Mugabe on the need to end the violence and begin a serious
dialogue with the opposition to end the crisis that threatens
Zimbabwe and the region.

-- Your support for the resolution is urgently needed in
light of the on-going violence in Zimbabwe and its effect on
its neighbors, the region, and international security. Just
this past weekend a group of armed militia raided two
internally displaced person camps near Ruwa leaving eight
individuals hospitalized and over a dozen others missing. On
July 2, over 200 members of the opposition sought refuge at
the U.S. Embassy in Harare, and internally displaced persons
fleeing the violence have sought shelter in other embassies,
churches, NGO facilities, and the opposition headquarters.

-- The resolution contains targeted measures against those
designated as having ordered, planned or participated in
politically-motivated acts of violence. In particular, the
measures are directed at those who led a well-orchestrated
military-style campaign of violence and intimidation against
the opposition and its supporters, including those who led
the campaign &CIBD8 or &Coercion, Intimidation, Beating,
and Displacement.8 According to media reports, this
military operation involved up to 200 senior army officers,
who established nearly 2,000 base camps around the country to
conduct brutal violence against the opposition. The small
farming village of Chaona, which had voted for Morgan
Tsvingarai in the March election, was the first to feel the
brunt of this military assault. Starting May 5, the village
suffered a rampage that left seven individuals dead and many
more seriously beaten and injured, including women and
children.

-- This military style offensive continued through the
country targeting the members and supporters of the
opposition. Then on election day, as an additional measure
to ensure victory, the Mugabe regime forced voters to the
polls and threatened to track through ballot serial numbers
those who refused to vote or who cast their votes for
Tsvangirai, despite his withdrawal from the run-off election.
No election conducted in these circumstances can produce
legitimate results.

-- The people of Zimbabwe have few options to address their
dire situation. Their government has failed them
economically and politically. They were refused the chance
to democratically express their views. Many are fleeing the
country, further straining the resources of Zimbabwe,s
neighbors.

-- As much as one quarter of Zimbabwe's population is now
outside of the country. Zimbabwe's neighbors are also
bearing the brunt of Mugabe's failed policies and repression.

-- The crisis in Zimbabwe is a threat to regional peace and
security. As UN Deputy Secretary General Migiro said at the
AU Summit last week, "Zimbabwe is the single greatest
challenge to regional stability in Southern Africa."

-- At the Africa Union Summit, African leaders issued a
statement that expressed deep concern about the
violence and loss of life in Zimbabwe. The Vice President of
neighboring Botswana expressed his specific concern about the
level of violence.

-- In the face of this criticism, on July 4 Mr. Mugabe said
that &if there is a . . . neighboring country itching for a
fight . . . then let them try it,8 implicitly threatening
the region with retaliation if they oppose his rule.

-- We fully support efforts to reach a mediated solution to
the crisis that respects the will of the Zimbabwean people
and the results of the March 29 election. We believe that
this draft resolution would reinforce those efforts by
encouraging Mr. Mugabe to negotiate seriously and in good
faith.

-- We welcome the Statement by the G-8 Leaders that expressed
their commitment to &take further steps, inter alia,
introducing financial and other measures against those
responsible for violence.8

-- United UN Security Council action will send a clear
message to the Mugabe regime that its actions in defiance of
the will of the Zimbabwean people will not be accepted by the
international community.

3. (U) Additional Talking Points for Beijing and Moscow:

-- We are pleased that the G-8 leaders reached agreement on a
statement on Zimbabwe that expressed their commitment to
&take further steps, inter alia, introducing financial and
other measures against those responsible for
violence.8

-- We understand that you have concerns about the draft
resolution on Zimbabwe, but hope you will not block adoption
of the resolution. The UNSC must send a united message to
the Mugabe regime to immediately end the violence and to
begin a serious dialogue with the opposition in order to
achieve a solution that respects the will of the Zimbabwean
people and the results of the March 29 elections. Such a
dialogue is urgently needed to end the crisis that threatens
Zimbabwe and the region.

End points.
RICE

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