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Cablegate: Un Mission in Ethiopia/Eritrea: Security Council

VZCZCXYZ0001
OO RUEHWEB

DE RUEHC #1725 2120153
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 300148Z JUL 08
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 0000
INFO UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE IMMEDIATE
RUEHDS/AMEMBASSY ADDIS ABABA IMMEDIATE 0000
RUEHAE/AMEMBASSY ASMARA IMMEDIATE 0000

UNCLAS STATE 081725

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PREL KPKO PBTS ET ER
SUBJECT: UN MISSION IN ETHIOPIA/ERITREA: SECURITY COUNCIL
RESOLUTION VOTING INSTRUCTIONS

1. USUN is authorized to vote in favor of a Security
Council resolution on July 30, terminating the mandate of
the UN Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE). The draft
text of the resolution is in paragraph 2. If there are
substantive changes proposed, USUN should consult with the
Department.

2. Begin text:

The Security Council,


Reaffirming all its previous resolutions and statements of
its President pertaining to the situation between Ethiopia
and Eritrea,

Stressing once again its unwavering commitment to the
peace process and to the full and expeditious
implementation of the Agreement on Cessation of
Hostilities of 18 June 2000 (S/2000/601) and the Peace
Agreement of 12 December 2000 (S/2000/1183) (hereinafter
referred to as "the Algiers Agreements") as a basis for
peaceful and cooperative relations between Ethiopia and
Eritrea,

Considering that Ethiopia and Eritrea bear a shared
responsibility in the implementation of the Algiers
Agreements, in which they agreed that the delimitation and
demarcation determinations of the Eritrea-Ethiopia
Boundary Commission (EEBC) shall be final and binding and
that their forces shall respect the integrity of the
Temporary Security Zone (TSZ),

Reaffirming that the primary responsibility for achieving
a comprehensive and lasting settlement of the border
dispute and normalizing their relations rests with
Ethiopia and Eritrea, and that the Security Council stands
ready to assist them in addressing the underlying
fundamental issues, taking into account the interests and
concerns of both countries,

Regretting that Eritrea's obstructions towards the United
Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) reached a
level so as to undermine the basis of the Mission's
mandate and compelled UNMEE to temporarily relocate from
Eritrea, stressing that this relocation was without
prejudice to the Algiers Agreements and to the integrity
of the TSZ, and recalling the Security Council's previous
condemnation of Eritrea's lack of cooperation,

Commending the efforts made by UNMEE and its military and
civilian personnel to accomplish its duties, despite the
difficult circumstances, and expressing its deep
appreciation for the contribution and dedication of the
troop-contributing countries to the work of UNMEE,

Having considered the special report of the
Secretary-General of 7 April 2008 (S/2008/226), the
letters from Ethiopia and Eritrea dated respectively 17
and 18 June 2008, in response to the letters of the
President of the Security Council of 10 June 2008, and the
letter from the Secretary-General of 28 July 2008 (S/2008/...),
in response to the letter of the President of
the Security Council of 3 July 2008,


1. Decides to terminate UNMEE's mandate effective on 31
July 2008 and emphasizes that this termination is without
prejudice to Ethiopia and Eritrea's obligations under the
Algiers Agreements.

2. Demands Ethiopia and Eritrea to comply fully with their
obligations under the Algiers Agreements, to show maximum
restraint and refrain from any threat or use of force
against each other, and to avoid provocative military
activities.

3. Strongly supports the ongoing efforts by the
Secretary-General and the international community to
engage with Ethiopia and Eritrea to help them to implement
the Algiers Agreements, to normalize their relations, to
promote stability between them, and to lay the foundation
for a comprehensive and lasting peace between them, and
urges again Ethiopia and Eritrea to accept the
Secretary-General's good offices.

4. Requests the Secretary-General to further explore with
Ethiopia and Eritrea the possibility of a United Nations
presence in Ethiopia and Eritrea in the context of the
maintenance of international peace and security.

5. Requests the Secretary-General to keep the Council
regularly informed on the situation between Ethiopia and
Eritrea and to make recommendations as appropriate.

6. Decides to remain actively seized of the matter.

End text.
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