Cablegate: Japanese Morning Press Highlights 07/09/08
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SUBJECT: JAPANESE MORNING PRESS HIGHLIGHTS 07/09/08
1) Top headlines
3) Prime Minister's daily schedule (Nikkei)
G-9 Summit diplomacy:
4) G-8 leaders reach agreement on global sharing of goal to halve
greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, but include no mid-term target
5) With U.S. compromising, Prime Minister Fukuda as G-8 chair
achieves more than expected in climate change talks (Yomiuri)
6) G-8 leaders make clear statement on the abduction issue
7) Prime Minister Fukuda's persistence pays off at the G-8 Summit
8) Fukuda played role of the coordinator to elicit G-8 agreement on
climate change, but not completely able to display his presence
9) Perception gap still exists, with G-8 more concerned about Iran's
nuclear program than North Korea's (Tokyo Shimbun)
10) First Lady Fukuda carrying out "smile diplomacy" (Mainichi)
11) Prime Minister Fukuda, Russian President Medvedev agree to speed
up negotiations to settle the northern territories issue (Yomiuri)
12) Coordination underway to have Premier Putin visit Japan later
this year (Nikkei)
13) South Korea's foreign minister expresses "deep concern" to
Foreign Minister Koumura about the Takeshima Islands territorial
14) Expressions of concern come out of G-8 Summit about China's ODA
15) China's President Hu calls for strengthening cooperation with
Japan on abduction issue (Nikkei)
Defense and security:
16) Japan's Foreign Minister lauds U.S. for new policy toward
cluster bombs that aims to fill the gap with international opinion
17) Democratic Party of Japan adopts new "Okinawa Vision" policy
statement that includes a drastic revision of the U.S.-Japan Status
of Forces Agreement (Yomiuri)
1) TOP HEADLINES
Asahi, Sankei & Tokyo Shimbun:
G-8 calls on world to share goal of halving emissions by 2050
G-8 sets no mid-term numerical goals for emissions cuts
G-8 urges China, India to share long-term goal
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G-8 calls for emerging economies' cooperation in halving emissions
G-8 fails to show developed countries' responsibility
(1) G-8 statement on Environment: How will China respond?
(2) G-8 statement on global economy: Long fight against fuel, food,
(1) G-8 Toyako Summit: Developed nations' responsibility for
emissions cuts unclear
(2) Heisei version of Maekawa Report: Japan should stop excessively
anticipating economic growth
(1) Can all nations share G-8 emissions target?
(2) Status of school teachers bought by money
(1) Whether global emissions will be cut 50 PERCENT by 2050 is
(2) G-8 optimistic about economic management
(1) Question is whether G-8 goal of halving emissions will be
(2) Japan-Russia summit: Prime Minister Fukuda fails to take
advantage of meeting with Medvedev, Foreign Ministry creates
problems for future
(1) Measures against global warming: U.S. concession is progress
(2) Oita educational circle scandal: Same thing happen in other
(1) Economic setback: Put end to structural reform policy
3) Prime Minister's Official Residence (Kantei)
Prime Minister's schedule, July 8
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
July 9, 2008
G-8 summit meeting at the Windsor Hotel Toya in Toyako Town,
Planted a memorial pine tree, followed by a photo session.
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Met with President Medvedev .
Working dinner with leaders from the Group of Eight nations
21:13 Met with Italian Prime Minister Berlusconi. Stayed at the
4) G-8 leaders agree to call on all parties to UN pact to share goal
of halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, but statement includes
no mid-term numerical target
MAINICHI (Top Play) (Excerpts)
July 9, 2008
The Group of Eight (G-8) leaders issued a joint statement on global
warming and other issues in their meeting yesterday, the second day
of the Hokkaido Toyako Summit. The leaders agreed to ask "all
parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
(UNFCCC) to share the long-term goal of halving global greenhouse
gas emissions by 2050 and adopt it."
The statement specified that the G-8 nations would "set ambitious
mid-term nation-specific targets" for greenhouse gas emissions to be
cut by 2020. But the statement presented no specific numerical
targets. In the Major Economies Meeting (MEM) and other meetings
today, the G-8 nations will discuss this issue with China, India,
and other emerging countries.
Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda, the chair of the G-8 Summit said after
he had announced the leaders' statement:
"The agreement reached this time will lay a solid groundwork for the
next step. To create a framework that involves all countries, the
G-8 nations have joined hands and begun to take a step forward to
work on developing and emerging countries to join our efforts."
The focus of attention in the summit this year was on how to move
forward the agreement to "study the long-term goal in a serious
manner" reached in the Heiligendamm Summit last year. The U.S. was
initially reluctant to agree on the goal, saying: "It will be
impossible to achieve the goal without the agreements of China and
Japan and European countries agreed to call on about 190 parties to
UNFCCC to adopt the long-term goal at its meeting. The 190 parties
include China and India.
The statement praised the Japan-proposed sector-based approach to
determine potential reduction volumes in each industry, noting: "The
approach can be useful in achieving each nation's reduction goal."
The statement proposed creating an international mechanism to draw
up a process chart for developing advance technology to curb gas
5) Agreement reached to "share" the target of halving greenhouse gas
emissions; Results better than expected; U.S. makes eleventh-hour
YOMIURI (Page 3) (Abridged slightly)
July 9, 2008
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The United States, which was stubborn about setting a greenhouse gas
emission reduction target, has finally aligned itself with other G-8
members. After tough negotiations on July 8, the second day of the
three-day G-8 Lake Toya Summit, Prime Minister Fukuda, the host of
this year's summit, managed to build a consensus among the G-8
nations on "sharing" a target. Nevertheless, difficulties are
expected before the agreement bears fruit.
The G-8 leaders conducted an intensive discussion on global warming
over a working lunch on July 8. Although global warming was regarded
as the thorniest issue in this year's summit, their discussion ended
10 minutes earlier than scheduled. Coordination had been completed
at the administrative level before the working lunch.
"The work is well done; it's just a first step," Prime Minister
Fukuda, the chair of the meeting, said to his aide cheerfully.
A Japanese government negotiation source noted two points regarding
the results of the talks on July 8.
One is that the G-8 members, reaching a de facto agreement on the
long-term goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 50 PERCENT
by 2050 worldwide, decided to aim at an agreement under the
framework of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP) that includes other
major emitters, such as China and India.
Another is that the G-8 decided to come up with mid-term
country-by-country targets in order to realize an "absolute
reduction" in connection with a framework replacing the Kyoto
The United States, the world's largest emitter, has announced a
policy of cutting emissions in 2025 and beyond. The G-8 agreement
has given rise to chances that the United States will effectively
retract its policy. If the envisioned post-Kyoto framework from 2013
is designed to end before 2025, the U.S. government would have to
begin reducing emissions ahead of schedule, thereby giving impetus
to international efforts to fight global warming.
The negotiation source excitedly described the results as better
than expected. The European Union, which was critical of the United
States' response, also positively evaluated the results, with
European Commission President Barroso saying: "We are delighted. We
were also able to agree to set mid-term targets."
6) Abductions mentioned in the G-8 leaders' statement
MAINICHI (Page 1) (Excerpts)
July 9, 2008
Three special documents were issued on July 8 at the Hokkaido Toyako
Summit, including a statement of the G-8 leaders and a food-security
statement. The leaders' statement was announced based on specific
areas, such as the global economy, climate change, development,
Africa, and politics. The leaders' statement refers to North Korea's
nuclear declaration, calling on the DPRK to completely eliminate its
nuclear programs quickly. The statement goes: "Verification is of
paramount importance, and we strongly call on North Korea to fully
cooperate with the verification process." Wording about the
abduction issue was also included that went: "We support the
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Six-Party Talks process that includes such unresolved pending
matters and the abductions issue." This is the first time that the
abduction issue was mentioned in a leaders' statement. Until now, it
was only touched on in the chairman's summary.
In a special statement on terrorism, as well, the abductions and
taking hostages were condemned as unacceptable acts.
7-1) Prime minister persistent on reaching agreement on global
warming countermeasures: Makes number of phone calls at night
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
July 9, 2008
Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda on July 9 undertook behind-the-scenes
coordination with leaders from the Group of Eight nations at the
Lake Toya Summit in an effort to reach an agreement on global
warming countermeasures. Working-level coordination continued until
the morning of the same day, but details had yet to be boiled down.
In parallel, Fukuda telephoned various leaders, including U.S.
President Bush, from the evening of the 7th through the morning of
the 8th, explaining the significance of the Group of Eight reaching
an agreement on a long-term emissions reduction goal.
Participants agreed on the adoption of the words "will ask the whole
world to share" a target of cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 50
PERCENT by 2050. The prime minister himself released the specifics
of the agreement. When a reporter asked him about a base year for
reductions, he replied, "1990." Given a memo, he hastily corrected
his answer, saying, "It is not 1990. It showed be compared with the
current situation." However, no base year has yet been set, in fact.
An aide said, "Having overcome that hurdle, the prime minister
probable gave a sigh of relief."
(08070902yk) Back to Top
7-2) Fukuda ordered aides to tenaciously negotiate with U.S.
YOMIURI (Page 3) (Abridged slightly)
July 9, 2008
The U.S. government's concession owes much to decisions by other G-8
members under heavy pressure from the Japanese government.
Upon arriving at Lake Toya on July 6, Prime Minister Fukuda
instructed his aides to tenaciously continue negotiations with the
Japan insisted on using the word "share" in regard to a long-term
target. Japan and the United States remained at odds over this word
until the end. The United States pushed to use the word "desirable"
in regard to a target.
Seeing the stalled talks, Prime Minister Fukuda placed a telephone
call to President George W. Bush at the Windsor Hotel Toya and asked
for a compromise. European members were pessimistic, with a British
source saying: "We will not be able to find a breakthrough in
climate change." But European members made active moves on the night
of July 7. German Chancellor Merkel, European Commission President
Barroso, and others strongly pressed President Bush for a
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As a result, shortly after 1:30 on the morning of July 8, the G-8
reached an administrative-level agreement on the contents of the
summit declaration. The results were reported to the G-8 leaders in
the morning, paving the way for a formal agreement.
Chancellor Merkel, a champion of measures against global warming,
said after her meeting with President Bush on the morning of July 8
that she was very satisfied with (the document). She also smilingly
voiced her expectations for the United States' response in 2009 and
beyond, saying: "I am certain that the United States will keep this
agreement even after its president is changed."
At a working lunch, G-8 leaders praised Prime Minister Fukuda,
saying that the agreement owes much to Japan's efforts.
Meanwhile, the U.S. government has not changed its basic policy of
pursuing its national interest. Although it accepted a long-term
target, the United States has succeeded in getting the G-8 to expand
the scope of its policy worldwide to include China, India and other
countries. The G-8 summit has paved the way for forcing the United
States to cut emissions, thereby preventing production bases from
flowing into emerging countries.
8) Fukuda fails to play up presence, preoccupied with serving as
TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 2) (Full)
July 9, 2008
"Looking back over the past year, we came a long way," Prime
Minister Fukuda said after the Group of Eight (G-8) leaders adopted
a leaders' statement on global warming at the Lake Toya Summit in
In the Heiligendamm Summit in Germany last year, former Prime
Minister Shinzo Abe advocated the long-term goal of halving
greenhouse gas emissions by 2050. The joint statement last year
noted: "The decision by the EU, Canada, and Japan will be studied in
a serious manner."
In the annual assembly of the World Economic Forum (Davos
Conference) in January, Prime Minister Fukuda also expressed his
determination to grapple with the issue, saying: "As the chair of
the Lake Toya Summit, I will work hard to form a regime that
involves all major greenhouse gas emitters in a responsible manner."
In June, he announced a "Fukuda vision" - a package of Japan's
measures to contain global warming - in a bid to take the initiative
in discussions on the issue.
But it was not easy to persuade U.S. President Bush to change his
stance toward setting a long-term goal. In the bilateral meeting
with Bush held on July 6, just before the opening of the summit, as
well, Fukuda was unconvinced that Bush would compromise.
The haggling between European countries and the U.S. over
emissions-reduction targets have continued since the summit last
year. A senor Foreign Ministry official expressed a sense of alarm
on July 7, the opening day of the summit: "If no progress is made,
critics may question the efforts made over the past year and Japan's
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Despite such concerns, an agreement was reached. With this, a
government source said, heaving a sigh of relief: "When considering
the circumstances up to yesterday, I think this is a great
The contents of the agreement, however, are far from satisfactory
for the prime minister. The most serious problem is that the
statement did not refer to all major economies' support for setting
a long-term goal. Emphasizing that an agreement has been reached
among the G-8 leaders, a senior Foreign Ministry officer said: "They
do not urge others to agree to something they do not support." This
expression, though, indicates that priority was given to keeping the
U.S. and Europe, which are at loggerheads, at the negotiating
Prime Minister Fukuda wanted to play up his political presence at
home and abroad by taking the lead in discussions. But since he
devoted himself to playing the role of a coordinator to prevent the
discussions from breaking down, he was unable to demonstrate his
9) Abduction issue elevated to the leaders' statement at the G-8 but
a gap remains, with priority being given to Iran's nuclear program
over North Korea's
TOKYO SHIMBUN (Page 2) (Excerpts)
July 9, 2008
In the leaders' statement on political issues adopted yesterday by
the G-8, the abduction issue was mentioned for the first time. It
previously had only been touched upon in the chairman's summary. It
now has been elevated to the leaders' statement. However, the
reactions of the G-8 leaders have been less than enthusiastic.
Although Japan, as the host country, where domestic interest on the
abduction issue is high, has shown it has clout, he cannot overcome
the fading interest in the abductions by the international
"North Korea has not at all carried out any specific action that
would resolve the abduction issue. The views of the G-8 all agree
that the human rights situation is North Korea is important, and
that we should seek improvements through the G-8 and the United
Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda at last night's banquet went beyond his
position as chairman when the topic of North Korea came up,
forcefully explaining the need to resolve the abduction issue.
The reinvestigation of the abductions promised by North Korea during
the recent working level talks between Japan and the DPRK has yet to
be implemented. On the other hand, with the presentation by the
North of its nuclear declaration, Six-Party Talks will restart on
the 10th. In order to move toward resolution of abduction issue in
tandem with the nuclear problem, the G-8's pressure is
Moreover, at a time when anxiety has heightened in Japan toward the
U.S. decision to remove North Korea from the list of states
sponsoring terrorism, Prime Minister Fukuda would like to elicit the
maximum involvement of the G-8. As a result, he was able to obtain
mention of the abductions in the leaders' statement.
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But only one G-8 leader told the Prime Minister he had his full
support and understanding on the abduction issue.
10) First Lady Fukuda carrying out "smile diplomacy"
MAINICHI (Page 28) (Full)
July 9, 2008
Kiyoko Fukuda, the wife of Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda, is now busy
showing the First Ladies of the Group of Eight (G-8) nations around
the Toyako area, where the G-8 summit is now taking place.
Mrs. Fukuda has been leading the U.S., British, Canadian and Russian
first ladies and the wife of European Commission President Jose
Manuela Barroso to various places. The French and Italian first
ladies and the husband of German chancellor Angela Merkel did not
In addition to luncheon and dinner parties, Japan's First Lady held
a Japanese tea ceremony for them on July 7. She showed them around a
special market in a neighboring town and the international media
center on the 8th. She then took them to Mount Usu where they
planted some trees. Despite the tight schedule, Mrs. Fukuda has kept
a smile on her face.
At the luncheon on the 7th when the six women met for first time,
Mrs. Fukuda proposed holding a moment of silence in remembrance of
those who had died in terrorist bombings in London on July 7 three
years ago. This was done out of consideration for the British first
lady, Sarah Brown. Kiyoko has shown she has diplomatic caliber. She
is supporting he husband, Prime Minister Fukuda, who has seemed
stiff in appearance.
11) Prime Minister Fukuda, Russian President Medvedev agree to
accelerate territorial negotiations; Prime Minister Putin likely to
visit Japan later this year
YOMIURI (Page 1) (Full)
July 9, 2008
Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda met with Russian President Dmitry
Medvedev last evening for about one hour on the sidelines of the
Group of Eight (G-8) summit in Toyako, Hokkaido. The two leaders
agreed to expand bilateral political dialogue with a view to
realizing an early resolution of the Northern Territories issue.
They also agreed to arrange visits to Japan by Russian Prime
Minister Vladimir Putin and three other ministers later this year.
Fukuda stated on the Northern Territories issue:
"In order to raise Japan-Russia relations to a higher level, we have
to resolve the territorial issue and remove any ill will between the
two countries. Highly political issues such as territorial disputes
require the top leader's decision."
Medvedev then expressed enthusiasm for accelerating territorial
negotiations, saying: "I agree with you. There is no doubt that
bilateral relations will be elevated to the highest levels if the
territorial dispute is resolved."
12) Japanese, Russian leaders agree to undertake coordination of
Premier Putin's Japan visit: Medvedev expresses resolve to
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facilitate territorial issue
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Excerpts)
July 9, 2008
Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda on July 8 met with Russian President
Medvedev for about an hour at the hotel that is the venue of the
Hokkaido Toyako Summit. Referring to the northern territories issue,
the president said, "I hope we will settle the issue at the earliest
possible time without putting it put on the back burner." Regarding
the signing of a peace treaty, both leaders have reaffirmed their
resolve to expedite the process through sincere talks up to the
summit level. They also agreed to arrange a visit by Premier Putin
to Japan, as sought by Fukuda, with the possibility of realizing
such in the second half of this year.
Fukuda previously met Medvedev in Russia in April before he became
president. This is the first time for him to visit Japan since
assuming office. The focus of attention has been on what view the
president would take regarding the Northern Territories issue. He
noted, "The absence of a peace treaty is an impediment." He also
pointed out, "If the territorial issue is settled, our bilateral
relations will advance to the highest level and improve
drastically." He also said, "A peace treaty plan must be such that
serves the interests of both countries and be acceptable to both."
13) Takeshima a serious concern: S. Korean foreign minister
ASAHI (Page 4) (Full)
July 9, 2008
Foreign Minister Koumura yesterday met with South Korean Foreign
Affairs and Trade Minister Yu Myung Hwan in Sapporo and exchanged
views on the issue of Takeshima (Dokdo in Korean), a group of
disputed islets in the Sea of Japan, and North Korea.
Takeshima is now about to cause sparks between Japan and South
Korea, as Japan's Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science
and Technology (MEXT) has decided to specify it as part of Japan's
territory in a description of its curriculum guidelines for junior
high schools. Yu conveyed South Korea's "serious concern" to
Koumura, a South Korean source said. "That has yet to be decided,"
the source quoted Koumura as telling Yu.
MEXT is expected to announce the description on July 14. There is
also an opinion being floated from within the government to insist
that MEXT should forgo its description of Takeshima this time. The
government is undergoing coordination involving the Foreign Ministry
and the prime minister's office. "This matter is troubling because
South Korea strongly wants Japan to avoid doing so," a government
official said before Koumura's meeting with Yu yesterday. "The
government will make a judgment after seeing their response to the
foreign ministerial meeting," the official added.
According to a source familiar with relations between Japan and
South Korea, Prime Minister Fukuda is scheduled to exchange views
today with South Korean President Lee Myung Bak, who is now visiting
Japan to attend an event relating to the Group of Eight (G-8) summit
in Hokkaido. Given the foreign ministerial meeting, Fukuda is
expected to explain Japan's circumstances.
According to Japanese and South Korean diplomatic officials, Koumura
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and Yu agreed in their meeting yesterday that it is important for
Japan and South Korea to make efforts to develop a mature and
future-oriented partnership-which was formulated when Lee visited
Japan in April-without hurting it.
14) Concern about China's ODA
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
July 9, 2008
A number of leaders from the Group of Eight nations expressed their
concern about China's official development assistance (ODA) at a
meeting on the development of Africa, held on the sidelines of the
Lake Toya summit, noting that China does not offer international
bidding and that it brings labor from its own country. Others
touched on the accountability of aid donors and underscored that
emerging countries like China must be fully accountable. Prime
Minister Yasuo Fukuda, the chairman, smoothed over the complaints,
saying, "China needs to deepen understanding of international
standards. The international community also needs to hold dialogue
with China and urge it to understand (international standards)."
15) We will strengthen cooperation with Japan over North Korea
issue, Chinese president says to Foreign Minister Koumura
NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
July 9, 2008
Foreign Minister Masahiko Koumura on July 8 held a quick meeting
with Chinese President Hu Jintao at a summit-related reception held
in Sapporo. Koumura said to Hu, "I would like to achieve progress in
Japan-North Korea relations in terms of North Korea's
denuclearization as well as the abduction issue. I would appreciate
your support on the matter." Hu replied, "I would like to strengthen
cooperation through joint efforts with Japan so as to propel the
process of the six-party talks." Concerning global warming measures,
a main item on the agenda of the meeting on July 8, which will
include China as well, Koumura said, "I hope to see China will play
a proactive role."
16) Foreign Ministry hails new U.S. policy on cluster munitions
MAINICHI (Page 2) (Abridged)
July 9, 2008
Unexploded ordnance (UXO) dispersed from cluster munitions could
kill or wound civilians. In this regard, the United States has set a
"new policy" to reduce UXO, sources revealed on July 7. The Japanese
Foreign Ministry sees the new U.S. policy as "considerably
substantial." In May, Japan voiced its support for a treaty banning
cluster bombs, while the United States was opposed. The Foreign
Ministry's positive appraisal seems to be aimed at closing the gap
between Japan and the United States. Meanwhile, a nongovernmental
organization criticized it as "backward-looking."
Japan has yet to be provided with sufficient information about the
new U.S. policy, according to a Foreign Ministry senior official.
However, this official took it positively, saying: "If they mean to
guarantee an unexploded rate in actual warfare instead of lowering
it to below 1 PERCENT as a manufacturing benchmark, that is
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In late May, Japan supported a draft treaty banning all cluster
munitions in the Oslo process for disarmament initiated by Norway
and other countries and also by NGOs. The draft treaty allows Japan
to conduct joint operations with the United States, which will not
participate in the treaty. "Japan's support for the draft treaty
will have no impact on Japan-U.S. relations," another senior
official of the Foreign Ministry said.
However, there is no denying that a gap may arise between Japan and
the United States over their security policies. The Foreign Ministry
wants to shorten the distance between Japan and the United States by
supporting the United States, which has now shown a positive stance
about the idea of restricting cluster munitions.
Meanwhile, one NGO executive severely criticized the new U.S.
policy, saying it was "nonsubstantive and too late."
17) DPJ revises Okinawa vision
YOMIURI (Page 4) (Full)
July 9, 2008
The leading opposition Democratic Party of Japan (Minshuto)
yesterday released its "Okinawa Vision 2008" platform, on which the
DPJ will base its Okinawa policy. It is a revised version of the
DPJ's "New Okinawa Vision" of 2005. The revised platform proposes
revising the Japan-U.S. Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA). In
concrete terms, the policy paper advocates that: 1) Japan is to have
primary jurisdiction over SOFA personnel's off-base crimes even when
on duty and in principle will take all suspects into custody; 2) the
United States is to bear 100 PERCENT compensation for civilians who
suffer casualties in accidents caused by U.S. military personnel and
other SOFA personnel; and 3) the United States is to restore any
environmental damage resulting from its military activities. In
addition, the paper refers to the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air
Station in Okinawa. It states that the DPJ will "continue to explore
ways to relocate the airfield somewhere outside Okinawa Prefecture,
and based on the changing strategic environment, relocate it outside