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Cablegate: Daily Summary of Japanese Press 07/28/08

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PP RUEHFK RUEHKSO RUEHNAG RUEHNH
DE RUEHKO #2065/01 2100752
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 280752Z JUL 08
FM AMEMBASSY TOKYO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6120
INFO RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC PRIORITY
RHEHAAA/THE WHITE HOUSE WASHINGTON DC PRIORITY
RUEAWJA/USDOJ WASHDC PRIORITY
RULSDMK/USDOT WASHDC PRIORITY
RUCPDOC/USDOC WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC PRIORITY
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC//J5//
RHHMUNA/HQ USPACOM HONOLULU HI
RHHMHBA/COMPACFLT PEARL HARBOR HI
RHMFIUU/HQ PACAF HICKAM AFB HI//CC/PA//
RHMFIUU/USFJ //J5/JO21//
RUYNAAC/COMNAVFORJAPAN YOKOSUKA JA
RUAYJAA/CTF 72
RUEHNH/AMCONSUL NAHA 1430
RUEHFK/AMCONSUL FUKUOKA 9056
RUEHOK/AMCONSUL OSAKA KOBE 2786
RUEHNAG/AMCONSUL NAGOYA 7260
RUEHKSO/AMCONSUL SAPPORO 9639
RUEHBJ/AMEMBASSY BEIJING 4574
RUEHUL/AMEMBASSY SEOUL 0564
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0953

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 08 TOKYO 002065

SIPDIS

DEPT FOR E, P, EB, EAP/J, EAP/P, EAP/PD, PA;
WHITE HOUSE/NSC/NEC; JUSTICE FOR STU CHEMTOB IN ANTI-TRUST DIVISION;
TREASURY/OASIA/IMI/JAPAN; DEPT PASS USTR/PUBLIC AFFAIRS OFFICE;
SECDEF FOR JCS-J-5/JAPAN,
DASD/ISA/EAPR/JAPAN; DEPT PASS ELECTRONICALLY TO USDA
FAS/ITP FOR SCHROETER; PACOM HONOLULU FOR PUBLIC DIPLOMACY ADVISOR;
CINCPAC FLT/PA/ COMNAVFORJAPAN/PA.

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: OIIP KMDR KPAO PGOV PINR ECON ELAB JA

SUBJECT: DAILY SUMMARY OF JAPANESE PRESS 07/28/08

INDEX:

(1) DPJ to aim at Lower House dissolution with Diet debate (Yomiuri)


(2) Interviews with METI minister and MAFF minister after WTO
ministerial (Nikkei)

(3) Government to drop plan to send GSDF engineering personnel to
Sudan for time being; Japan's contribution to Sudan PKO losing steam
(Sankei)

(4) Government to expand number of refugees to be accepted in Japan,
starting in 2010 (Nikkei)

(5) Transfer of jurisdiction over 29 laws to consumer agency fixed:
Prime minister's policy of attaching importance to consumers now on
implementation stage (Nikkei)

(6) Development of carbon dioxide capture and storage technology by
2020, according to government's action program: Assistance also
provided for introduction of electric cars (Mainichi)

(7) Profile: Lester Tenney, chairman of POW group that will be
dissolved next May (Mainichi)

(8) TOP HEADLINES

(9) EDITORIALS 7

ARTICLES:

(1) DPJ to aim at Lower House dissolution with Diet debate

YOMIURI (Page 2) (Abridged)
July 28, 2008

Democratic Party of Japan President Ichiro Ozawa announced on July
27 that his party would not boycott deliberations in the next
extraordinary Diet session. The policy course apparently resulted
from a decision that in order to force the prime minister into a
Lower House dissolution for a snap general election, it would be
quicker to pursue the government in Diet debate than being fixated
on the political significance of a censure motion against the prime
minister that was adopted by the Upper House in the previous Diet
session.

In the DPJ, there had been a variety of views on how to handle Diet
business after the censure motion was adopted by the Upper House.

Those in favor of a continued boycott feared that responding to a
call for Diet deliberations in the next session would end up
diluting the political significance of the Upper House's first-ever
adoption of a censure motion against the prime minister, the trump
card for forcing the prime minister into cabinet resignation en
masse and Lower House dissolution.

At work behind Ozawa's decision to return to Diet deliberations is
young and mid-level members' strong resistance to boycotting Diet
debate.

The prevailing view in the DPJ is that there is no shortage of

TOKYO 00002065 002 OF 008


issues to grill the government and ruling bloc, such as the question
of unidentified pension records, the medical insurance system for
people 75 and older, measures against soaring oil prices, and a
review of the labor dispatch system. "There is no need for our party
to boycott Diet debate and come under fire," a mid-level member
said.

A junior member also thinks that with the party leadership race
coming up in September, Ozawa made the decision so as not to
irritate mid-level and young members critical of boycotting Diet
debate, thereby avoiding splitting the party.

(2) Interviews with METI minister and MAFF minister after WTO
ministerial

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
Evening, July 26, 2008

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) Minister Toshiaki
Amari and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF)
Minister Masatoshi gave a press conference after the World Trade
Organization (WTO) ministerial meeting on July 25. Questions and
answers are as follows:

-- What is your evaluation of the new chairman's plan?

Amari: Differences in views on some disputed points were left
unresolved in the meeting of seven countries and one region, as well
as in the ministerial meeting of 30 countries. But I said that we
find it acceptable as the basis for negotiations in order to find
common ground. The proposed tariff cut rates in the industrial
sector are proper for industrialized and developing countries, but a
provision on seeking exceptional measures is overly inclined toward
developing countries. I am also dissatisfied with vague expressions
used in the anti-concentration provision.

Wakabayashi: Although I repeatedly insisted that the ratio of
"sensitive items" to the total be set at 8 PERCENT , this argument
was not accepted. In the ministerial meeting, I said that although I
was very dissatisfied, I would make efforts to secure 8 PERCENT . I
accept the Lamy proposal as a draft proposal for future
discussions.

-- What is the focus of attention in the negotiations?

Amari: No countries agreed on the final proposal. Each nation has
presented its request. I believe WTO Director General Lamy will do
his best to prevent a balance from breaking down and dropouts from
emerging. Countries are dissatisfied with measures proposed in the
chairman's report in the agricultural and industrial sectors, but
the key point is to what extent each country will contain its
assertions in an effort to reach an agreement. The negotiations have
moved a step forward.

Wakabayashi: Countries made statements emphasizing that a failure in
the negotiations would have a serious impact on the global economy
and disappoint the world. It was good that an atmosphere for each
nation to make further efforts was created in the meetings. In the
agricultural sector, agreement has yet to be reached on all details.
What to do about compensation has been left behind. I will think
about how to negotiate on securing 8 PERCENT for "sensitive
items."

TOKYO 00002065 003 OF 008

(3) Government to drop plan to send GSDF engineering personnel to
Sudan for time being; Japan's contribution to Sudan PKO losing
steam

SANKEI (Page 5) (Abridged slightly)
July 28, 2008

The government's survey team composed of personnel from the Defense
Ministry, Self-Defense Forces, and other offices departed yesterday
for Sudan from Hamada Airport to make preparations for dispatching
SDF personnel to the UN Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) in southern Sudan.
The government plans to send two SDF personnel to UNMIS headquarters
in September after the team returns home. In terms of international
contribution, Japan's position is certain to decline following its
decision to forgo a plan to send the SDF to Afghanistan due to the
New Komeito's stiff resistance.

The survey team consists of 11 members from the Defense Ministry,
SDF, Cabinet Office, and Foreign Ministry. In addition to Sudan
where the government has decided to send personnel, the team is
scheduled to tour PKO centers in Ghana, Kenya and Egypt where SDF
personnel will be dispatched as instructors.

According to a government source, the team will also visit the
southern Sudanese cities of Juba and Malakal and the central city of
Obeid, besides the country's capital of Khartoum where UNMIS
headquarters is located, in order to survey activities by forces of
other countries. The government plans to consider candidate sites
for sending personnel in the future.

An SDF dispatch to UNMIS headquarters was announced by Prime
Minister Yasuo Fukuda in his meeting in late June with UN Secretary
General Ban Ki Moon. Japan will participate in peacekeeping
operations in Africa for the first time in 13 years since the UN
Operations in Mozambique (UNUMOZ) in 1993-1995.

Tokyo has declined the Sudanese government's strong request for
sending ground-based engineering personnel by citing the
insufficient confirmation of their safety. There is simmering
discontent in the United Nations as seen in Secretary General Ban's
call for greater SDF contributions in the areas of airlift, ground
transportation, and supplies.

The government also sent a fact-finding team to Afghanistan to
explore the possibility of sending the SDF there, but it eventually
dropped the plan due to the New Komeito's resistance. Given the
situation, the government plans to consider seriously sending SDF
troops to Sudan. The Defense Ministry and SDF are envisaging sending
a 200-strong unit centering on Ground Self-Defense engineering
personnel to conduct such activities as repairing roads and removing
mines in central and southern Sudanese cities.

Sending SDF troops to Africa requires thorough preparations against
the unstable security situation and communicable diseases. Selected
personnel must also undergo training for about six months. This
means an SDF dispatch would be on the agenda next year or later.

Japan is currently participating in only two PKO programs: the UN
Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) on the Golan Heights in which
Japan began participating in 1996, and the UN Mission in Nepal
(UNMIN) in which Japan joined in March 2007. On the Golan Heights,

TOKYO 00002065 004 OF 008


two command personnel and 43 GSDF personnel are engaged in
transportation, and in Nepal, six unarmed GSDF personnel are
monitoring the disarmament.

In terms of the number of personnel engaged in PKO, Japan ranks
83rd, the lowest among the Group of Eight industrialized countries.
The government is growing alarmed at the decline in the SDF's
international contributions, including the question of extending the
Maritime Self-Defense Force's refueling operation in the Indian
Ocean, on which the New Komeito remains cautious.

(4) Government to expand number of refugees to be accepted in Japan,
starting in 2010

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
July 28, 2008

The government decided yesterday to shift its policy of accepting
refugees. It will accept refugees living in camps in third countries
after fleeing from political persecution and support their
livelihoods in Japan. It has so far accepted foreigners who came to
Japan as refugees but only after authorizing them. It aims to dodge
international criticism for "being severe toward refugees."

Relevant ministries, including the Foreign Ministry, Justice
Ministry and Cabinet Secretariat, will hold a study session soon.
They will work out before the end of the year such specifics as the
process of accepting refugees, the number of refugees to be
accepted, and measures to support them in Japan. The government
aims to accept about several dozen refugees starting in 2010 at the
earliest.

The government plans to introduce a "third-country settlement
system" as a new refugee policy. This system has already been
introduced by the United States and Britain.

Under the system, Japan will accept refugees after Office of the
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) examiners
confirm their desire to live in Japan. Based on a list of refugees
provided by the UNHCR, Japan will authorize refugees and decide to
accept them. The number of refugees Japan authorized and accepted in
2007 was 41.

(5) Transfer of jurisdiction over 29 laws to consumer agency fixed:
Prime minister's policy of attaching importance to consumers now on
implementation stage

NIKKEI (Page 2) (Full)
July 24, 2008

Measures designed to boost consumer administration, which Prime
Minister Fukuda has promoted, will now move onto an implementation
stage. Following a report compiled by the Consumer Administration
Promotion Council, chaired by Tsuyoshi Sasaki, a professor at
Gakushuin University, the government has decided to shift
jurisdiction over 29 laws to the consumer agency to be established
in fiscal 2009. The next stage is to move the work to draft a
comprehensive bill to establish it and to submit the legislation to
the next extraordinary Diet session. The Fukuda administration's
policy target is to strengthen consumer affairs administration and
thus impress the public. Meeting this challenge will help solidify
its political base.

TOKYO 00002065 005 OF 008

The consumer agency initiative will become the showcase for measures
to strengthen consumer administration. The government at a meeting
of the Promotion Council on July 23 reported its plan to submit a
"bill to prevent consumer damage" (tentative name), The legislation
is intended to protect consumers from illegal business practices, It
and the bill creating a consumer agency will be presented to the
next extraordinary Diet session.

Bureau directors of concerned government agencies at a meeting that
day approved a draft action program, which cited measures to
strengthen consumer administration, apart from the plan to establish
a consumer agency. As a follow-up to a number of false food labeling
incidents, the report proposed promoting efforts to introduce the
traceability of food products. As part of such efforts, the report
called for introducing before the end of this fiscal year a method
for business operators to address the issue in a specific manner,
such as by determining the actual state of the documentation of
receipt and shipment records of goods.

Attorney Kazuhiro Yoshioka, chairman of the Committee on Measures on
Consumer Issues under the Japan Federation of Bar Association
(JFBA), told a press conference, "I give high scores to the
government for creating a good system."

Producers until now have been the main supporters of the Liberal
Democratic Party (LDP). The envisaged measures to strengthen
consumer administration are aimed at tapping new political
supporters, such as consumers and average working people.

Though the JFBA has evaluated the proposed measures to a certain
extent, there still remain some challenges. Mariko Sano, executive
director of the Japan Housewives Association at the Promotion
Council meeting the same day presented a letter of opinions making
an issue over the government failure to transfer to the consumer
agency jurisdiction over the Food Safety Commission, which is
responsible for evaluating food risk.

The focus of the next extraordinary Diet session is expected to be
on a bill to extend the Law on Refueling Operations in the Indian
Ocean and those related to the reallocation of special-purpose road
construction revenues for other uses. This could cause the consumer
agency establishment bill to be put on the backburner. Many
companies are concerned about tougher regulations that would give
priority to consumers. Some LDP lawmakers are complaining that a
consumer agency would not bring more votes.

Kaoru Yosano during a taping of BS11 program on the 23rd pointed
out, "The Eisaku Sato cabinet was marked by such policy themes as
the reversion of Okinawa. However, Mr. Fukuda has no skills in
sending policy messages."

The prime minister underscored at the Promotion Council meeting,
"The consumer agency is an organization for the sake of the public.
I must obtain the understanding of the people."

(6) Development of carbon dioxide capture and storage technology by
2020, according to government's action program: Assistance also
provided for introduction of electric cars

MAINICHI (Page 2) (Full)
July 26, 2008

TOKYO 00002065 006 OF 008

A full version of the government's action program of measures to
prevent global warming that will be adopted possibly early next week
was revealed on July 25. The program is the embodiment of measures
envisaged in the Fukuda Vision, which Prime Minister Yasuo Fukuda
revealed in June. The package includes the dissemination of the
solar photovoltaic system by cutting the installation cost by 50
PERCENT from the current level and practical use of carbon dioxide
capture and storage (CCS) technology by 2020.

The Fukuda Vision puts up a long-term goal of cutting emissions of
greenhouse gases, such as CO2, by 60 PERCENT -80 PERCENT by 2050,
and lays out the need to disseminate energy-saving technologies and
to promote technological innovation.

The Vision sets a goal of increasing the amount of solar power
generation 10 times the present level by 2020 and 40 times by 2030.
To achieve that end, the action program aims at halving the price of
the solar photovoltaic system in three to five years' time and
offering assistance for the introduction of the system to households
and the technological development of solar cells. Regarding the CCS
system, the Vision aims at launching a full-scale demonstration
project in fiscal 2009 and putting it to practical use by 2020. The
current cost of handling 1 ton of CO2 is estimated to exceed 5,000
yen. The action program includes a goal of lowering such a cost to
the 1,000 yen level by the 2020s.

The program also incorporates assistance for the introduction of
electric cars and fuel battery-assisted cars and a reduction in the
prices of next-generation batteries and fuel batteries, which are
used as motive energy, to one-fortieth of the present level by
2030.

(7) Profile: Lester Tenney, chairman of POW group that will be
dissolved next May

MAINICHI (Page 2) (Full)
July 19, 2008

"In the past, I bowed my head in fear of the Japanese. Today, I bow
my head in honor of you," Lester Tenney, 88, said and bowed his head
at the beginning of a lecture meeting held recently in Tokyo.

Tenney survived the Bataan Death March. He surrendered to the
Japanese military in April 1942 in the Philippines, where he was
stationed as an U.S. military tank driver. About 7,000 to 10,000
POWs died from beatings, disease, and hunger. He said in a tearful
voice: "I was just watching my colleagues dying."

As an American POW, he was taken to the Mitsui Miike Coal Mine in
Fukuoka Prefecture. He dug coal while being beaten with shovels. He
was freed and returned to the United States when the war was over.
He has been unable to raise his left arm because of the
after-effects. Many of the POWs still suffer from stress disorders.

He hosted a 20-year old Japanese male student 41 years ago. When he
told about how he had been treated by the Japanese military, the
Japanese student shared his anger. He then visited Japan in 1988 to
attend the Japanese man's wedding and accompanied him on his
two-week honeymoon. He then felt the warmth of Japanese people. He
was able to forgive the Japanese, thinking that he should lay aside
his hatred to open his mind.

TOKYO 00002065 007 OF 008

He has written many letters addressed to Japanese prime ministers
calling them to offer an apology. He has also continued asking
Japanese industries that used the POWs to establish a foundation. He
said: "I want them to invite our grandchildren to Japan with money
offered by a foundation and show them the worksites. I also want our
grandchildren to feel the warmth of Japanese people." But it will be
difficult to realize this. The National Commander of the American
Defense of Bataan and Corregidor, which Tenney chairs, will be
dissolved next May due to the aging of its membership. He expressed
sorrow, saying: "Old soldiers simply fade away."

Lester Tenney is a professor emeritus at Arizona State University.
He wrote an autobiography titled "My Hitch in Hell." He lives with
his wife.

(8) TOP HEADLINES

Asahi:
MLIT owns 65 PERCENT -- 4,100 units -- of all vehicles possessed by
central government

Mainichi:
63 years after fierce battle in Philippines: Interview with Filipina
about her WWII experience

Yomiuri:
20 prefectures abolish school district system, according to Yomiuri
survey: Public schools competing with private schools for students

Nikkei:
Firms adjust pricing systems to pass on costs

Sankei:
Cabinet shuffle in limbo: New Komeito applying pressure on Fukuda
administration; Coalition at crossroads

Tokyo Shimbun:
Japan considering introduction of international solidarity levies to
be imposed on airline tickets: Financing development assistance
eyed

Akahata:
Waves of price rises start again next week

(9) EDITORIALS

Asahi:
(1) Council for Science and Technology Policy needs to show
resolution on iPS research
(2) Energy conservation everyone's business

Mainichi:
(1) Pension reform: Single program requires political decision

Yomiuri:
(1) Minister should act on Oita school scandal
(2) Osaka budget should be precedent for local fiscal
reconstruction

Nikkei:
(1) Beijing Olympics: China must improve quality of its economy

TOKYO 00002065 008 OF 008

Sankei:
(1) MITI report must result in protection of national secrets
(2) Japanese-language education must be revamped

Tokyo Shimbun:
(1) Treatment of caregivers must be improved
(2) Ending Darfur massacre requires greater international pressure

Akahata:
(1) Extension of new antiterrorism law main objective of next
extraordinary Diet session

SCHIEFFER

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