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Cablegate: August 26 Mfa Press Briefing: Olympics, Russia-Georgia

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SUBJECT: AUGUST 26 MFA PRESS BRIEFING: Olympics, Russia-Georgia
Conflict, Tibet, Hu Jintao's Visit to Korea, SCO Summit, U.S.-India
Nuclear Agreement, Human Rights, Six-Party Talks, Japan, Singapore.

1. Key points at the August 26 MFA Press Briefing:

-- On Russia-Georgia, China "hopes that relevant countries can work
through dialogue to find solution to the issue."

-- China rejects the Dalai Lama's recent claims that Chinese
security forces fired on ethnic Tibetans in Western Sichuan.

-- China will continue to follow domestic laws, international laws,
and humanitarian principles in its handling of illegal
border-crossers from North Korea.

-- The main mandate of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
summit meeting in Dushanbe is to "consolidate mutual trust,
strengthen solidarity, deepen cooperation, and promote development
between member states."

-- China believes that, "all countries, while fulfilling their
obligation to international nuclear nonproliferation, have a right
to peaceful use of nuclear energy and to carrying out international
cooperation."

-- China expresses "dissatisfaction" toward a White House official's
statement that China needs to improve its human rights record and
that China didn't handle the issue of protests well during the
Olympic period.

-- China will continue to adopt an "open attitude" to achieve the
denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

-- China hopes that Japan will honor its commitments to destroy
chemical weapons left in China by Japan.

-- VISITS: At the invitation of Vice-Premier Wang Qishan, Singapore
Vice Prime Minister Wang will visit September 2-6, to take part in
China-Singapore bilateral cooperation meetings.

----------------------------------

Russia and Georgia
------------------

2. China "has taken note of the latest developments" regarding
Russian recognition of the breakaway regions of Georgia, and China
"hopes that relevant countries can work through dialogue to find
solution to the issue," MFA Spokesman Qin Gang said at the regular
bi-weekly MFA press conference August 26.

Dalai Lama
----------

3. China rejects the Dalai Lama's recent claims that Chinese
security forces fired on ethnic Tibetans in Western Sichuan. "There
are always contradictions between the Dalai Lama's words and
actions," the spokesman stated. Qin suggested that the Dalai Lama
has no evidence to support the allegations of a shooting incident.
China's position on the Dalai Lama and other Tibet-related issues is
consistent, Qin stressed, and "It is imperative for Dalai's side to
take concrete actions to create favorable conditions for further
talks and contacts" between the Chinese Government and
representatives of the Dalai Lama.

DPRK Refugees
-------------

4. Responding to a question concerning Hu Jintao's position should
the issue of illegal North Korean border crossings be raised in Hu's
visit to South Korea, Qin stated that China will continue to follow
"domestic laws, international laws, and humanitarian principles" in
its handling of such cases.

SCO Summit
----------

5. Asked about this week's Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
summit meeting in Dushanbe, Qin said that the mandate of the meeting
in Dushanbe is to "consolidate mutual trust, strengthen solidarity,
deepen cooperation, and promote development between member states."
The heads of state in attendance will exchange views on the
development of the SCO as well as major international and regional
issues. The heads of state will also "chart the courses for the next
phase of work in security, economy, and people-to-people exchanges
and cooperation." They will sign and release a joint communiqu and
will approve a series of documents relating to security and
exchanges. Qin expressed his belief that the summit will "further
promote development of the SCO, make contributions to safeguarding
regional security and stability and promote common development of
member states."


BEIJING 00003305 002 OF 002


India Nuclear Cooperation
-------------------------

6. On the issue of the U.S.-India nuclear deal, Qin said that China
believes "All countries, while fulfilling their obligation to
international nuclear nonproliferation, have a right to peaceful use
of nuclear energy and to carrying out international cooperation."
Such cooperation "should be conducive to safeguarding completeness
and effectiveness of the international nonproliferation regime."

White House Comments on Human Rights
------------------------------------


7. Responding to a request for China's comment on a White House
official's statement that China needs to improve its human rights
record and handling of protest issues, Qin noted China's
"dissatisfaction" toward the official's criticism. Qin stressed that
foreigners engaged in Tibetan separatists activities during the
Olympics violated Chinese laws, and "relevant authorities" will
therefore handle such cases according to law. The United States,
said Qin, should "tell its citizens to abide by the laws of other
countries when they go to other countries, in order to avoid
recurrence of such incidents."

8. Qin asked rhetorically whether the White House official in
question "had any U.S. dollars in his pockets when he made such
remarks." Lincoln's image, Qin noted, appears on U.S. currency.
The White House official should recall Lincoln's first inaugural
address in order to understand "the resolve of the Chinese
government and its people to safeguard national sovereignty,
unification and territorial integrity," and he should avoid adopting
a double standard on this issue.

DPRK and the Six-Party Talks
--------------------

9. Asked for China's reaction to North Korea's announcement that it
is suspending disablement of its nuclear reactor at Yongbyon, and
whether China had been informed of North Korea's plan, Qin reminded
the audience that "positive progress" was recently made in the
Talks. The Six-Party Talks, he said, are a "very complicated
process involving concerns of all parties so, difficulties are
inevitable." China hopes that "open communications with other
parties could help to overcoe some difficulties and complicating
elementsso that we could implement remaining actions of the second
phase." China will continue to adopt an "open attitude" to achieve
the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

Japanese Chemical Weapons
-------------------------

10. Asked about the Chinese position on the upcoming decision by a
Tokyo court concerning the lawsuit filed by two Chinese teenagers in
Jilin injured in 2004 by chemical weapons remaining from the 20th
century Japanese invasion, Qin called the issue of leftover weapons
from the Japanese invasion "one of the great crimes committed by
Japanese militarism," and said that these weapons were "still
causing great loss, damage and menace to local peoples' lives and
property." China, stated Qin, hopes that Japan will honor its
commitments to destroy chemical weapons left in China by Japan, and
China hopes that Japan can "adopt a responsible attitude to properly
handle this issue."

Visit: Singapore Vice Prime Minister Wang
-----------------------------------------

10. VISITS: At the invitation of Vice-Premier Wang Qishan,
Singapore Vice Prime Minister Wang will visit September 2-6, to take
part in China-Singapore bilateral cooperation meetings.
RANDT

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