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Cablegate: African Partnership Station Input Fy09 - Mozambique

VZCZCXRO9697
RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHTO #0869/01 2541540
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 101540Z SEP 08
FM AMEMBASSY MAPUTO
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 9312
INFO RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY
RUEHLO/AMEMBASSY LONDON 0232

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 MAPUTO 000869

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: AFIN MARR MASS MOPS PREL
SUBJECT: AFRICAN PARTNERSHIP STATION INPUT FY09 - MOZAMBIQUE

REF: SECSTATE 75639

1.(SBU) Mozambique's inability to effectively provide for
maritime safety and security (MSS) within its exclusive
economic zone and territorial waters has significant impact
on U.S. bilateral and regional objectives and interests.
Ineffective MSS results in slower economic development,
increased criminal activity, and environmental degradation.

-------------------------------------------
APS SUPPORTS MOZAMBIQUE'S CAPACITY BUILDING
-------------------------------------------

2.(SBU) U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM) and U.S. Naval Forces
Africa (NAVAF) support, increasing Maritime Domain Awareness
(MDA), advancing safety and security capabilities, and
enhancing response capacity, in partnership with the
Government of Mozambique, will significantly improve MSS.
AFRICOM and NAVAF can support Mozambican efforts to develop
these capabilities through the African Partnership Station
(APS).

-----------------------------------
INNOVATIVE FUNDING EFFORTS REQUIRED
-----------------------------------

3.(SBU) Funding challenges limit efforts to train, advise,
assist and equip Mozambique to better address its maritime
sector shortfalls. As a result, assistance must employ
innovative funding mechanisms, leverage all theater security
cooperation programs, harmonize with other donor efforts, and
collaborate with partners.

--------------------------------
GOAL: CONTROL OF MARITIME DOMAIN
--------------------------------

4.(SBU) The goal is for Mozambique to control its maritime
domain within 5 to 10 years. Control of its maritime domain
would include limitation of commercial smuggling, reduction
in trafficking of drugs and persons, and control over illegal
fishing. The goal would be achieved though the creation of a
self-sustaining Navy, manned according to its mission,
positioned appropriately within the country with sufficient
command and control, maintenance support and adequate
facilities to support operations.

----------------------------
ASSESSMENT AND COLLABORATION
----------------------------

5.(SBU) To begin, AFRICOM and NAVAF, in collaboration with
other interested U.S. and Mozambican governmental agencies,
non-government organizations and institutions, should send a
team to assess the maritime safety and security
capability/requirements as well as professionals to assist
the Government of Mozambique develop/refine its National
Maritime Strategy. The outcome of this work will shape
future capacity building efforts for the Mozambican Navy.

----------------------------------------
SUSTAIN AND ENHANCE CURRENT CAPABILITIES
----------------------------------------

6.(SBU) While the assessment and collaboration is ongoing,
AFRICOM and NAVAF can send Mobile Training Teams (MTT) and
Expeditionary Partnership Teams (EPT) to Mozambique to focus
on sustaining current capabilities. This would include
training to develop a culture of maintenance for existing
small boats and communications systems, and providing tools,
manuals, maintenance systems, and repair parts.
Additionally, training on weapons, small boat operations and
maritime combat operations would sustain the Mozambican
Navy's capability to conduct maritime patrols. Ship visits
and ship riders can complement, but not substitute for, the
effectiveness of MTT/EPTs.

--------------------------
DEVELOP NAVY PROFESSIONALS
--------------------------

7.(SBU) AFRICOM and NAVAF can support Mozambican efforts to
develop maritime professionals by engaging all levels of the
Mozambican Navy with MTTs, EPTs, Professional Military
Education (PME) opportunities, military exchanges, and ship
visits/ship riders. At the institutional level, the
development of ethics and values, respect for civilian
authority and human rights must be fostered. Growing capable
mid-level professionals through U.S. Navy professional
military education would increase operational expertise and
inculcate future Navy leaders with common values while
enhancing substantial relationships. At the entry level,

MAPUTO 00000869 002 OF 002


Navy exchanges with the Samora Machel Military Academy
provide a unique opportunity to influence future Navy
officers.

--------------------------------------------- -----
SMALL SCALE IMPROVEMENTS TO MARITIME INFRASTRUCTURE
--------------------------------------------- -----

8.(SBU) Years of neglect have resulted in deterioration of
the infrastructure that supports the Mozambican Navy.
AFRICOM and NAVAF assistance is needed to renovate and
rehabilitate the maritime safety and security infrastructure.
The Navy bases outside Maputo are seriously dilapidated and
barely able to support operations. In many cases, they do
not have piers, quays, or boat ramps to support small boat
operations. These small scale projects could be constructed
by the SEABEEs.

----------------------------------------
INCREASE MDA CAPABILITY/C4I ARCHITECTURE
----------------------------------------

9.(SBU) Mozambican MDA is already benefiting from the
installation of Automatic Information System (AIS) in five
locations along the coast. Future efforts should focus on
continuing to build MDA, C4I architecture and information
sharing systems. Additionally, supporting conferences which
provide regional forums to discuss maritime issues such as
the East Africa South West Indian Ocean region would
complement existing African indigenous institutional efforts.

Chapman

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
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