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Cablegate: Usun Instructions for Use in Unsc Meeting On Iran

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OO RUEHWEB

DE RUEHC #7129 2550223
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O P 110220Z SEP 08
FM SECSTATE WASHDC
TO RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK IMMEDIATE 3016
INFO UN SECURITY COUNCIL COLLECTIVE PRIORITY

UNCLAS STATE 097129

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: UNSC IR
SUBJECT: USUN INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE IN UNSC MEETING ON IRAN
SANCTIONS SEPTEMBER 11, 2008

The United States thanks the Chair for his report on the
actions taken by states in fulfillment of their
obligations under Resolutions 1737, and 1747 and 1803 to
take measures to counter the proliferation and development
of nuclear technology and ballistic missiles by Iran. I
must note that Iran continues to defy the continued
demands of this Council to suspend its uranium enrichment
program and activities related to its heavy water reactor,
and has failed to cooperate with the IAEA's investigation.

Today, I would like to make four points.

First, the United States believes it essential that Member
States swiftly, fully and robustly implement the
provisions of United Nations Security Council resolutions
1737, 1747 and 1803. We encourage all states to take
actions that are complementary to those explicitly
required by these resolutions to achieve the international
community's ultimate objective: persuading Iran to make a
strategic decision to abandon its pursuit of a nuclear
weapons capability. Full implementation of the
resolutions will maintain pressure on Iran to change
course.

Second, we need to remember that financial sanctions form
a key part of the measures imposed by this Council. By
exercising vigilance over Iran's access to the
international financial sector, we will be able to limit
Iran's ability to procure items that could benefit or
advance its nuclear and missile program. To help achieve
this goal, the United States, France and the United
Kingdom distributed a list of banks domiciled in Iran
which included their branches and subsidiaries abroad.

Third, the United States has endeavored to answer the
Council's call for all states to exercise vigilance over
the activities of financial institutions in their
territories with all banks domiciled in Iran, in order to
avoid such activities contributing to
proliferation- sensitive nuclear activities and the
development of nuclear weapon delivery systems. We also
seek to aid the 1737 Committee in carrying out its mandate
to examine information regarding alleged violations of
imposed measures and to seek information from all states
regarding actions taken by them to implement the imposed
measures. It is in this vein that the United States
undertook to provide a briefing to Council members on
September 10 about our own efforts to implement the
provisions of the Iran sanctions resolutions related to
financial institutions. Our goal is to assist other
states in deciding how to carry out this vigilance,
particularly because we have encountered a number of
attempts by Iran to avoid sanctions through the use of
deceptive financial practices. Vigilance is a matter for
each member state. We would encourage other countries to
share their experiences so that we may help each other
implement the provisions of these resolutions more
effectively.

Finally, the United States' objective remains a diplomatic
resolution to this issue. Iran must fully and verifiably
suspend its uranium enrichment-related, reprocessing, and
heavy water-related activities, and cooperate fully with
the International Atomic Energy Agency, as required by the
UN Security Council.
RICE

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