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Cablegate: Kabila Breaks Silence with Call for National

VZCZCXRO3512
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0873/01 2841523
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 101523Z OCT 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8593
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 KINSHASA 000873

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL CG
SUBJECT: Kabila breaks silence with call for national
unity in the face of escalating war in east
and a promise to quickly name a new PM

1. (U) In a late evening national television speech on October 9,
President Joseph Kabila appealed to the nation to mobilize in
support of the armed forces and elected government. The appeal came
in the context of renewed conflict in the eastern Congo,
deteriorating regional relations, and the anticipated formation of a
new national government following the September 25 resignation of
Prime Minister Antoine Gizenga.

2. (U) Kabila stressed the following points:

-- the challenge of renewed fighting in North Kivu and Ituri;

-- the importance of national unity and government institutions to
preserve national territorial integrity and stability;

-- the Amani Program, as the only framework to achieve a negotiated
peace settlement;

-- the role of the international community in maintaining peace and
stability in the DRC;

-- the commitment of the DRC to regional stability; and

-- the challenges facing the new Prime Minister and government.

3. (U) Kabila referenced "foreign forces" that are supporting
domestic armed groups that challenge Congolese state authority but
did not mention a foreign nation by name. He maintained that the
GDRC's pursuit of a peaceful resolution to the conflict in the east
reflected wisdom, rather than weakness, on the part of the GDRC.

4. (U) Stating that "the hour was grave," Kabila made a call for
the country to unite, across all political divides, to support the
armed forces and elected government to preserve the peace,
stability, and territorial integrity of the DRC. He made a specific
call to Parliament and provincial governments to show a unity of
purpose.

5. (U) Kabila called on the international community to preserve its
credibility as a peacekeeping and stabilization force in the DRC and
noted that the Amani Program, representing the consensus reached by
the signatories, is the only mechanism to settle the conflict in the
east.

6. (U) Turning to regional relations, Kabila stressed the intention
of the DRC to cooperate with its neighbors, but without submitting
to blackmail tactics or threats to its security. He added that the
respect of international rules and recognition of national interests
are essential to peaceful relations.

7. (U) Kabila paid homage to former Prime Minister Antoine Gizenga
and indicated that the appointment of a new Prime Minister would
occur "within hours." (Note: No announcement had been made as of
4:00 pm October 10. End note.) He said the priorities facing
Gizenga's successor would be to end insecurity and establish state
authority in the east. Kabila said he will make all political,
diplomatic and military resources available for these priorities.
He also stressed the importance of progress on the government's five
development priorities ("cinq chantiers" in French) -- health,
infrastructure, education, employment, and water/electricity
provision. Kabila added that progress would require emphasis on
reform of the security, justice, mining and petroleum sectors, as
well as improved management of state finances. He added that the
process of decentralization is the "cornerstone" of efficient local
governance.

8. (SBU) Comment: The timing of the speech comes as no surprise, as
silence during the two-week gap in naming a successor to Gizenga and
a recent escalation in the conflict in the east have created the
impression of a disinterested presidency. The not-so-veiled
references to the DRC's neighbor were not unexpected, given GDRC
belief that Kigali is actively supporting the CNDP. The lofty tone,
elegant language and heavy substance of the speech presented Kabila
as a man in charge, determined to present forcefully the
government's preference for dialogue instead of a military solution
as a deliberate choice. End Comment.

9. (U) Unofficial translation of the Kabila speech follows:

Begin unofficial translation:

My dear compatriots,

Once again, our country is at a turning point in its history (...)

KINSHASA 00000873 002 OF 003

Indeed, while we believed the page of wars and rebellions turned
once and for all, noises of boots and guns have begun to be heard
again in the North Kivu province since August 28, making echoes
lately even in recently pacified Ituri.

Native sons, serving foreign forces as invisible as they are
obscure, have again chosen to spill the blood of their brothers and
sisters. Breaking their word, they have violated the Goma Accord
and all other commitments they had freely entered into never again
to resort to arms as a means of settling conflicts.

Originally hidden, the true intentions of these enemies of peace and
of their sponsors have just been exposed. It is neither more nor
less than to plunge us again into uncertainty for our future, to
challenge the will of the primary authority as expressed in the
Constitution of February 26 and during the recent presidential,
legislative and provincial elections. It is therefore a challenge to
the Congolese people and their legitimate institutions. And this is
unacceptable.

And we have a patriotic duty to oppose it with all our might. In
this regard, I would like on your behalf to congratulate the Armed
Forces of the Republic of the Congo. Despite their youth and the
hazards of an unconventional war, they have generally resisted the
attacks of the enemy with bravery.

They deserve to be honored by our nation and have demonstrated that
it is not out of weakness, but out of wisdom that the Government of
the Republic favors dialogue and conciliation in its search for a
solution to the crisis in the eastern part of our country.

I also encourage them to continue their heroic resistance and I
assure them of the unwavering support of sixty million Congolese,
who are and always will be their sure, faithful and irreducible
support.

My dear compatriots,

The hour is grave. And each and every one of us is therefore
involved. Yesterday, by your patriotism, you thwarted the plans of
those who dream of the balkanization and the submission of our
country. I urge you, however, to remain steadfast in your
vigilance, because the revival of the Democratic Republic of Congo
threatens many interests, fuels desires, and instigates conspiracy
and aggression. Beyond all political divides, let us rally as one
man behind our armed forces and our elected government to preserve
our hard-won peace, safeguard the hard-earned reunification of our
country, discourage any attempt to undermine the integrity of our
national territory, and ensure the stability of our newly
established institutions.

In this context, I appeal to the responsibility of the National
Assembly and Senate, as well as executive and provincial legislative
bodies. The cause of Congo must not be the subject of wrangling,
its defense cannot accommodate nuances and ambiguities. It is in
presenting a united front that we will prevail.

To all the lost sheep, I make a new appeal to reason. The Amani
Program, the result of a consensus reached at the Goma conference,
remains the only framework for settling claims. It is in terms of
their involvement in implementing this program that the Nation will
judge them.

To the international community, I reiterate our gratitude for their
multifaceted assistance. I remind them that their credibility as
keepers of peace and international stability is threatened by the
continuing conflict prevailing in the east of our country.

I therefore invite them to be vigilant that all comply strictly with
the principles of peaceful coexistence between peoples and to adjust
their intervention mechanisms on the ground to the demands of
justice and efficiency.

As for the Democratic Republic of Congo, I reaffirm that as a
responsible member of this community, it is determined to cooperate
with all countries in the world, particularly its neighbors, in
respect to the principles of good neighborliness and without
blackmail.

Between States, mutual respect and international rules, the sanctity
and dignity of persons, and taking into account the rights and vital
interests of the parties are, indeed, indispensable conditions of
peace and stability. These conditions determine the quality of

KINSHASA 00000873 003 OF 003


relationships, and recognizing this is the beginning of the solution
to the deficit of trust and the recurring conflicts in our
sub-region.

My dear compatriots,

I cannot conclude this address without mentioning the recent
resignation of the Prime Minister and paying a deserved tribute at
this monument in our history. For fifty years he has shown
remarkable constancy and fought the good fights, for the
independence of our country and the sovereignty of our people.

In the next few hours, I will appoint a new Prime Minister and task
him with forming a government with a mission.

In the face of our current challenges, I expect the new Government's
first priority to be to stop any residual pockets of insecurity in
the east of the country and to restore State authority across the
national territory. To this end, all the political, diplomatic and
military resources of the Republic will be mobilized.

I expect the new Government to work tirelessly to speed up the work
of the Five Development Priorities of the Republic, drawing on
financial resources and equipment already mobilized. It must
therefore quickly provide adequate solutions to people's
expectations in terms of improving salaries and living conditions,
and produce results on the ground, measured in numbers of
standpipes, power plants, new schools, hospitals, and kilometers of
roads built and put into service. It must also continue and
implement reforms in several vital areas, and successfully implement
the economic program established with our country's development
partners. Achieving this goal is necessary for us to obtain a
substantial reduction of our debt, thus releasing substantial
financial resources to the social component of government action.

In this context, the most urgent reforms involve security, justice,
government accounting and the mining and hydrocarbon sectors. They
also involve developing the private sector, to support the decisions
of the last economic forum, and the agricultural sector, to guard
against the food crisis. They also involve the great
decentralization project, the cornerstone of good grassroots
governance, synonymous with efficiency. To be successful, the
implementation of decentralization requires a great deal of wisdom
and a heightened sense of the consequences.

The new government is therefore obliged to act in depth and with
urgency. Time is limited. There is no room for mistakes. Success
depends on the collaboration of all institutions of the Republic and
beyond that, on the help of the Congolese people. It is indeed
ultimately the duty of the Congolese people to defend and rebuild
our country.

I have no doubt that our cause being just, with our people fully
mobilized, we will win both battles.

Long live the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Thank you.

End unofficial translation.

BROCK

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