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Cablegate: October 10 Letter to Secretary of State

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RR RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0896/01 2911030
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
R 171030Z OCT 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC 8618
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 KINSHASA 000896

SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL MOPS KPKO PTER CG
SUBJECT: October 10 letter to Secretary of State
from Tutsi rebel leader Laurent Nkunda

KINSHASA 00000896 001.2 OF 003


1. Below at para. 3 is October 10 letter from rebel leader Laurent
Nkunda to Secretary Rice. The letter was e-mailed to Embassy
Kampala (polchief FitzGibbon) through Victor Ngezayo, a prominent
Congolese Tutsi businessman from Goma who is close to the CNDP,
Nkunda's political-military group. The letter is styled a
"clarification" of the CNDP's October 1 statement in which the CNDP
redefines its objective as "national liberation." A scanned copy of
letter was also e-mailed to AF/C.
2. Embassy Kinshasa does not/not recommend replying to Nkunda's
letter.
3. Following is text of CNDP letter to Secretary Rice in original
English. Please note that the transcription below includes all
spelling and grammatical errors as contained in the original text.
Begin text Nkunda letter to Secretary Rice
Bwiza, October 10th, 2008
To Her Excellency Condoleeza RICE
Secretary of State of the United States of America
WASHINGTON, D.C. (USA)
Subject: Clarification of the CNDP's declaration dated October 1,
2008

Your Excellency

In the name of the Political Direction of our Movement, we have the
great honor to address this letter to you in order to explain to the
Government of the United States of America the CNDP's political
position. It is important to clarify the CNDP's message carried on
the radio (October 2nd, 2008). Indeed, during our extraordinary
congress held at our headquarters in Bwiza, territory of Rutshuru,
Province of North-Kivu in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the CNDP
has taken the political decision to transform itself from being
alone regional political movement with legitimate grievances for
eastern Congo into a political movement with national objectives.

1. Loss of legitimacy of Kabila Government

Fundamentally, we, along with the majority of the Congolese people
throughout the country, reject the irresponsible leadership and
mismanagement of public affairs by the Government which has since
lost all legitimacy in the eyes of the Congolese people. Since the
2006 elections, it has resorted back to oppressive, autocratic,
dictatorial and brutal methods of governance, while at the same time
engaging in organized looting of our country's natural resources on
an unprecedented scale, to the detriment of our people. You may be
informed of the two massacres of the Bakongo people committed by the
State's security forces in the Bas Congo province which constitute a
crime against humanity and which President Joseph Kabila publicly
assumed; assassinations of civilians and members of the Political
Opposition by the State's security forces; gross misappropriation of
public funds by a Government which does not pay its' civil servants,
doctors, teachers nor supply basic necessities like drinking water
and minimal medical care; organized looting of natural resources by
a small elite in power to the detriment of the national budget and
the people particularly in the strategic mining and oil sectors;
illegitimate unfair contracts negotiated by the Government with
China and which were unanimously rejected by the Congolese Political
Opposition and Civil Society. CNDP believe that by joining with
other opposition groups, significant pressure can help improve
governance.

2. Alliance with foreign armed groups undermines Kabila's
legitimacy

The loss of legitimacy and rejection of, the Kabila regime in the
eyes of the Congolese people is particularly strong as regards the
failure to resolve peacefully the crisis in Eastern DRC where the
Government has failed to deliver on its' basic responsibilities of
securing the people. This failure is due essentially to the criminal
complicity, support and, in some cases, alliance of the Government
of DRC with negative foreign armed groups who operate freely on
Congolese territory, controlling huge portions of the national
territory, terrorizing its' population and illegally exploiting the
eastern mineral belt. These negative foreign armed groups which
benefit from the safe haven provided to them by an irresponsible
Congolese leadership include the Ugandan LRA who are currently very
active in North-eastern DRC wreaking havoc on a Congolese population
completely abandoned by their Government, the Ugandan ADF/NALU, the
Rwandese ex-FAR/Interahamwe (since reorganized in Kinshasa as the
FDLR) who carried out the 1994 Genocide of Tutsis in Rwanda, and the
Burundian FNL. The fact is that while the Congolese Government has
committed itself through various Accords, including the Tripartite+1
Agreements and the Nairobi Agreement, to disarm with force if
necessary these negative foreign armed groups operating on its'
territory, they have shown absolutely no political will to honor
their commitments, on the contrary supporting and even allying
themselves with these negative forces. This irresponsible and

KINSHASA 00000896 002.2 OF 003


criminal policy pursued by the Kabila regime is the primary source
of the destabilization of Eastern DRC as well as undermines the
stability of the Great Lakes region, and it is simply unacceptable.

3. Failure of to honor International commitments

As regards the particularly sensitive issue of the
ex-FAR/Interahamwe (since reorganized in Kinshasa as the FDLR), one
must point out the Government of DRC's failure to deliver on its'
commitments made at the signing of the Nairobi Agreement with the
Government of Rwanda under UN auspices, and witnessed by U.S. and
E.U. representatives. You may recall the Government of DRC had
committed itself to disarming the FDLR, with the help of MONUC, by
June 15th 2008. The Kabila regime, after months of reassuring the
International Community that it intended to fight the FDLR, instead
of doing so as they had committed to under the Nairobi Agreement,
did the unthinkable: they militarily allied themselves with the
terrorist and genocidal military organization
FDLR/ex-FAR/Interahamwe as well as local ethnic militias they had
created based on a dangerous anti-Tutsi xenophobic ideology (PARECO,
MONGOLS, Mai-Mai) and together, this negative alliance turned their
arms against the Congolese CNDP whom they falsely accused of being
composed only of Congolese Tutsis. This negative alliance has since
used all means of pressure including manipulation of the population,
in order to strong-arm the United Nations' Mission MONUC into
supporting their negative alliance, in violation of the UN's
commitment to fight the FDLR/ex-FAR/Interahamwe.

Prior to these recent developments, the DRC Government had entered
into a Gentleman's Agreement during negotiations between President
Joseph Kabila's special envoy General John Numbi and the Chairman of
CNDP General Laurent Nkunda Mihigo, under Rwandan and South African
facilitation. These negotiations had resulted in an agreement to
integrate the troops of CNDP and FARDC under a "Mixage" program,
from which they would then jointly secure Eastern DRC and rid the
region of the FDLR. This program was immediately implemented, but
the DRC Government reneged on its' commitment from the moment the
Brigades resulting from "Mixage" started fighting the FDLR. The
reason for this sudden abandonment of its own commitments on the
part of the DRC Government is the same: the DRC Government is
financially, politically and militarily allied to the
FDLR/exFAR/Interahamwe, and therefore on the one hand, it is
incapable of disarming them, and on the other hand, it will oppose
all who attempt to do so, the fundamental reason why it opposes the
CNDP today.

4. Lack of political will to resolve underlying causes of the
crisis

Since the deliberate sabotage of the Mixage program by the DRC
Government, and despite the organization of the Goma Conference and
the signing of the Acte d'Engagement where the CNDP showed its good
will in accepting to give a negotiated settlement a chance despite
the fact that CNDP had military superiority over the FARDC's
negative alliance, the DRC Government has shown no political will to
reach a peaceful solution, nor tackle the fundamental national
issues at the core of the crisis. Given the fundamental fact that
the Kabila regime is allied to the FDLR, it systematically torpedoes
all efforts to disarm the negative foreign armed forces operating on
its' territory and foments instability on its' own territory in
order to distract attention from this reality. At this point, one
can question if the massive military build-up in Eastern DRC under
its' configuration of a negative alliance is indeed directed at CNDP
or if the final objective is to provoke Rwanda into once again
entering into the DRC and thus, making the conflict a regional one
in the hope that this would force the International Community into
saving the failing Kabila regime. MONUC, submitting to pressure by
the same Kabila regime, has lost its' neutrality and credibility as
a peace-broker and peace-keeper in the DRC by taking sides and
supporting, even militarily, the FARDC while fully informed of the
negative alliance the FARDC has entered into. MONUC is at the same
time, as the UNAMIR in Rwanda in 1994, fully and passively aware of
the policy of manipulating anti-Tutsi ethnic hatred, and targeting a
civilian population, pursued by the Congolese national authorities.

It is in light of the irresponsible policies outlined above pursued
by a Government that we have taken the political option to join
hands with all Congolese citizens who aspire to improve governance,
improve security for Congolese citizens and improve economic
conditions in Congo. We want to be clear that CNDP now considers
itself a national opposition party, not a regionally-based and
focused party. We want to make political change in Congo in a
peaceful manner, not through military means. However, the CNDP will
defend the population in eastern Congo from attack from foreign
armed groups as well as State security forces who kill and commit
massive human rights violations against their own people instead of

KINSHASA 00000896 003.2 OF 003


securing them.

Whether it is the stand taken by the Political Opposition in
Kinshasa against the regime, or the many social movements protesting
bad governance, or the struggle by the Bakongo people for autonomy,
or the struggle of Congolese Tustis, Nandes, Hundes, Hutus, Hemas,
Lendus, etc for their legitimate rights, these are all
manifestations of the same unified desire of the Congolese people to
free themselves from the chains of another dictatorship in the
making and to finally, for the first time in history, truly reap the
fruits of security, stability, good governance, rule of law and
democracy.

5. Recommendations for the U.S. Government and the International
Community

In order to promote accountability, respect of human rights and
democracy in the DRC, the International Community should:

1. Investigate links between FARDC - PARECO - FDLR. All cooperation
between the FARDC, FDLR and PARECO, military or financial, must be
severely condemned and sanctioned.

2. Urge MONUC to maintain its legitimacy by stopping any assistance
- tacit or material to foreign armed groups, even when these are
allied to or supported by the DRC regime and army. In order to
achieve this and clear MONUC of all ambiguous actions compromising
the UN's role in DRC, clearly define a mandate of absolute
neutrality for MONUC.

3. Investigate the opaque financing and arming of the current
conflict by the DRC regime and army, including arms shipments from
China, arms distribution to local and foreign armed groups by the
FARDC, embezzlement of state companies' funds deviated from the
national budget to finance the war in Eastern Congo and illicitly
enrich Ministers and Officers involved in the conflict.

4. Investigate xenophobic targeting of the Congolese Tutsi minority,
including arbitrary arrests, torture, killing, exclusion from jobs,
looting of private businesses, properties, loss of livelihood, hate
speeches inciting genocidal acts on state media, forced exile,
creation of a negative military alliance by the FARDC based on a
genocidal anti-tutsi ideology, etc.

5. Support direct political negotiations between the DRC Government
and the CNDP in a neutral third - country and under conditions
acceptable to both parties.

Please allow us, Your Excellency, to thank you for your attention
and continued commitment to stability, democracy and good governance
in the DRC, particularly in Eastern DRC which is closely linked to
the stability and development of the East African Community.
Please accept, Your Excellency, the expression of our highest
consideration.

For the Political Bureau of CNDP
The Chairman
Signed
Laurent Nkunda Mihigo
Major General

End text Nkunda letter to Secretary Rice

BROCK

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