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Cablegate: Situation Report for Drc - November 6, 2008,

VZCZCXRO4504
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #0980 3111132
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 061132Z NOV 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8736
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS KINSHASA 000980

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL MOPS PHUM PREF KPKO CG
SUBJECT: SITUATION REPORT FOR DRC - NOVEMBER 6, 2008,
AS OF 12:30 PM CENTRAL AFRICAN TIME (GMT +1)

REFS: (A) KINSHASA 972
(B) KINSHASA 967

1. (U) All times Kinshasa (GMT + 1) unless otherwise indicated.

2. (U) The items contained in this situation report consist
principally of spot information from various sources. This report
is not exhaustive, nor can all the information contained therein be
confirmed at this time.

Security Situation in Goma and Surrounding Area
--------------------------------------------- --

3. (SBU) USAID officer TDY in Goma/Gisenyi reports that, according
to information received from the OCHA security briefing this
morning, the CNDP has moved closer to Kibati, which is approximately
15 miles north of Goma, and the FARDC has stepped back. NGO field
missions are still taking place, but NGO's are advised to limit the
number of people they send out on any given mission so as to make
MONUC extraction easier, and to not travel the Rutshuru axis.
Separately, MONUC has said there would soon be a force of up to
1,000 peacekeepers protecting Goma, along with 5,000 FARDC soldiers.


4. (SBU) Various people at Post received a text message on November
5 saying that the CNDP was massacring the population in the city of
Kiwanja, the site of previously reported CNDP-PARECO fighting
(reftels). USAID officer reported that, according to MONUC military
contacts, Kiwanja has changed hands between PARECO and the CNDP
several times, and the fighting is ongoing. There is conflicting
information as to whether or not the FARDC and FDLR are involved in
this fighting on the side of PARECO.

5. (SBU) Furthermore, the issue is that PARECO fighters are dressed
in civilian clothes and are taking refuge in and firing at CNDP from
presumably abandoned homes. While MONUC does not believe that
civilians are being targeted per se, the CNDP could be killing
innocent people as they go through houses looking for PARECO
fighters. Many civilians have already fled the town, with
20,000-30,000 people moving to Rutshuru. MONUC has placed itself
between PARECO and the CNDP, but is only using light arms, to
minimize any collateral damage.

6. (SBU) A statement from the CNDP (Note: Post does not have the
text at the present time. End note.) reportedly claims that the
Kiwanja fighting is a cease fire violation, because they believe it
to be FARDC proxy fighting, but simply asks MONUC to intervene.

7. (SBU) USAID officer reports that there is a Belgian journalist
who has been taken hostage from the Kiwanja/Rutshuru area. It
remains unclear who has taken him, and an OCHA contact noted that it
may even be that he is in GDRC custody. The OCHA contact said that
there has been telephone contact with him, and he is unharmed, but
not free to leave.


Political Developments
----------------------

8. (SBU) USAID DART team leader provided a readout of a briefing
provided November 5 by EU Special Representative Roeland van de
Geer. He suggested that people should not expect too much from the
planned Nairobi meeting with UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon and
Presidents Kabila and Kagame, as there was as of yet no carefully
prepared agenda and it was very early to have much in the way of
results.

9. (SBU) Van de Geer said that he, Senior Advisor Tim Shortley, and
General Numbi were to meet with Nkunda on November 5, but that the
meeting was subsequently cancelled because the CNDP called to say
they were not ready. Discreet meetings are, however, being
conducted between GDRC and CNDP representatives.

10. (SBU) Van de Geer stated there remains the impression that
Nkunda is no longer completely in control of the CNDP and guessed
that his health was a factor in this equation. He predicted it
would be even more difficult to deal with the CNDP in the future
since its leadership appears less cohesive.

BROCK

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