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Cablegate: French Reorganization in Response To

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PP RUEHAG RUEHAST RUEHDA RUEHDF RUEHFL RUEHIK RUEHKW RUEHLA RUEHLN
RUEHLZ RUEHNP RUEHPOD RUEHROV RUEHSR RUEHVK RUEHYG
DE RUEHFR #2104/01 3191743
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 141743Z NOV 08
FM AMEMBASSY PARIS
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 4859
INFO RUEHZL/EUROPEAN POLITICAL COLLECTIVE

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 02 PARIS 002104

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: SENV ENRG EGHG
SUBJECT: FRENCH REORGANIZATION IN RESPONSE TO
CLIMATE CHANGE

REF: STATE 116939

1. (SBU) Summary. Under the Sarkozy government
France has created a "super-ministry" that merges
ecology, energy, transportation, sustainable
development and regional planning into a single
ministry. The new organization is headed by a
Minister of State senior to all other ministers.
With an approximate staff of 80,000, the ministry
has under its authority six main directorates, a
host of specialized high-ranking civil servants,
three inter-ministerial delegations, nine scientific
organizations, fourteen training centers, and eleven
departmental, regional, interdepartmental and
interregional bureaus. The Ministry was designed
to internalize environmental and other social
externalities in policymaking on key energy-intensive
sectors. End Summary

SarkozyQs Vision: Ecology Super-Ministry
----------------------------------------

2. (SBU) Throughout his Presidential campaign,
Nicolas Sarkozy pledged to put environment at the
center of his government, telling voters that
archaic economic policymaking structures neglected
to take into account environmental impacts. Once
elected, Sarkozy gave an environmental face-lift to
the French administration by creating the Ministry
for Ecology, Sustainable Development and Regional
Development (MEDAD). Formally announced in June
2007, MEDAD had authority over energy,
transportation, and regional planning, as well as
environment and sustainable development. MEDAD
underwent reorganization in March 2008 to become the
current Ministry of Ecology, Energy, Sustainable
Development and Regional Development (MEEDDAT), with
a workforce of 78,000 full-time staff.

MEEDDAT: A Transversal Concept
------------------------------

3. (SBU) The reorganization process at national and
regional levels continues, and the physical merger
of various departments will take three more years
before the process is finished. This restructuring
has elevated MEEDDAT to one of the most important
ministries in the GOF, and in principle allows for a
holistic approach to growth that takes into account
environmental externalities, including climate
change.

Key Players
-----------

4. (SBU) MEEDDAT Minister Jean-Louis Borloo holds
the title of State Minister, with a ranking of third
most senior official in the government after the
President and the Prime Minister. Four Secretaries
of State work under BorlooQs supervision: Dominique
Bussereau, Secretary of State for Transportation;
Nathalie Kosciusko-Morizet (NKM), Secretary of State
for Ecology; Hubert Falco, Secretary of State for
Regional Development (Amenagement du Territoire);
and Christian Blanc, Secretary of State for
Development of the Paris area. Other key players
include BorlooQs head of cabinet Jean-Francois
Carenco, Climate negotiators Brice Lalonde, Peter
Carl, and Secretary General Didier Lallement.

Crackerjack Climateers
----------------------

5. (SBU) Lalonde was appointed Ambassador
Responsible for Climate Negotiations, serves as a
senior advisor for the Environment and Energy
Agency, and as a consultant to major companies and
local governments in the fields of environment,
energy, and development. (Note: Lalonde is also a
childhood friend and first cousin of U.S. Senator
John Kerry. End note) Danish national and former
European Commission Director General for Environment
Peter Carl was hired by the GOF to spearhead the
EUQs Energy and Environment package and push EU
climate negotiations.

MEEDDAT On Message
------------------

6. (SBU) MEEDDAT clearly has achieved a degree of
success in stitching together environmental and

PARIS 00002104 002 OF 002


energy/transport goals. Despite a few high-profile
contretemps Q notably on a GMO bill and on eco-tax
proposals that went too far, too fast for the rest
of the GOF -- Post generally gets consistent policy
messages from different divisions of the sprawling
ministry. What Ecology State Secretary Kosciusko-
Morizet told us in October largely tracked with what
we heard earlier from MEEDDAT's Director General for
Energy and Raw Materials. Similarly, an October
meeting on the EU's climate and energy package with
the Dane Peter Carl was wholly consistent with what
we heard from MEEDDAT's head of energy efficiency,
and from the Ministry's Secretary General Lallement
in a separate meeting. Policy tensions undoubtedly
remain, but in a relatively short period of time the
Ministry has become remarkably coherent in its
messaging.

Priorities and Implications for the United States
------------------------------

7. (SBU) The GOF is operating in two largely-
consistent spaces on climate change and environment
issues. Domestically the focus is on the "Grenelle"
bills, the robust French environmental legislation
that will ultimately lead to establishment of
environmental enforcement provisions, while
internationally the focus is on the EU Climate and
Energy package, which will feed into the UNFCCC
process. Other priorities include eco-tax reform,
pursuing a carbon/border adjustment mechanism as
part of the EU's Emissions Trading System, nuclear
power as a means of fighting climate change, and
various issues related to agricultural policy.

8. (SBU) There are some ecological issues outside
of MEEDDATQs purview. From a sustainability
standpoint, biodiversity and compliance concerns on
fisheries fall traditionally to the Agriculture
Ministry. Energy security responsibilities reside
primarily in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. An
MFA reorganization, scheduled to take effect in
February, 2009, will result in the creation of a
"globalization" bureau combining global/multilateral
issues, environment, energy and development into a
single directorate. Current Economic Affairs
Director and FASS Christian Masset is slated to head
up the new directorate.

ALLEGRONE

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