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Cablegate: Fsc November 26: Georgia Joins Consensus On

VZCZCXRO1709
PP RUEHAST RUEHFL RUEHLA RUEHMRE RUEHPOD RUEHROV RUEHSR
DE RUEHVEN #0291/01 3331339
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
P 281339Z NOV 08
FM USMISSION USOSCE
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC PRIORITY 6075
INFO RUCNOSC/ORG FOR SECURITY CO OP IN EUR COLLECTIVE
RHEHNSC/NSC WASHDC
RUCNDT/USMISSION USUN NEW YORK 0644
RUEHUNV/USMISSION UNVIE VIENNA 1199
RHMFISS/CDR USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RHMFISS/CDRUSAREUR HEIDELBERG GE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHDLCNE/CINCUSNAVEUR LONDON UK
RUEKJCS/DIA WASHDC
RUEASWA/DTRA ALEX WASHINGTON DC
RUESDT/DTRA-OSES DARMSTADT GE
RHMFIUU/HQ USCENTCOM MACDILL AFB FL
RUEKJCS/JCS WASHDC
RUEKJCS/JOINT STAFF WASHDC
RUEKJCS/SECDEF WASHDC
RUEHGV/USMISSION GENEVA 1139

UNCLAS SECTION 01 OF 03 USOSCE 000291

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

STATE FOR VCI/CCA, VCI/NRRC, EUR/RPM, EUR/PRA, EUR/CARC,
SCA/CEN, SCA/RA, PM/WRA
JCS FOR J-5
OSD FOR ISA (PERENYI)
NSC FOR HAYES
USUN FOR LEGAL, POL
EUCOM FOR J-5
CENTCOM FOR J-5
UNVIE FOR AC
GENEVA FOR CD

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PARM PREL KCFE OSCE RS XG
SUBJECT: FSC NOVEMBER 26: GEORGIA JOINS CONSENSUS ON
DECISION FOR MINISTERIAL

REF: A. USOSCE 0274
B. STATE 116705

1. (SBU) Summary: Georgia reluctantly joined consensus on a
draft Ministerial decision that summarizes the FSC's 2008
work and tasks it to submit progress reports to the 2009
Ministerial. At issue was a reference to the Georgia-Russia
conflict in August 2008, which Russia wanted described as the
Georgia-South Ossetia conflict. The only language acceptable
to all 56 pS was "the conflict in August 2008." This action
means that all FSC-related issues are closed and endorsed for
transmission to Helsinki.

2. (SBU) Maj Gen Paul Schafer, the director of strategy at
U.S. European Command, offered a well-received presentation
on the command's "strategy for active security." In the
working groups Germany proposed revisions to the Russian
proposal for a single deadline for submission of Vienna
Document defense planning information. Estonia issued a
revised draft decision for the agenda and modalities of the
March 2009 cyber security workshop. Washington, guidance is
requested whether to join a UK-led "statement of concern"
over new Russian visa procedures (see para 15). End summary.

Georgia Joins Consensus
-----------------------

3. (SBU) Acting on last minute instructions from capital,
Georgia (Giorgadze) announced it would reluctantly join
consensus of the draft Ministerial Council decision on FSC
issues (MC.DD/6/08/Rev.4). At issue was the description of
the FSC Security Dialogue earlier in the autumn session of
the Georgia-Russia war in August 2008, which Russia insisted
be described as the "Georgia-South Ossetia" conflict.
Despite its continuing belief that Russia's invasion and
continuing occupation of Georgia should be described as such,
Georgia agreed to language that would simply commend the
discussion in the FSC of "the armed conflict in August 2008."


4. (SBU) Russia's (Ulyanov) response to Georgia's decision
was cool, although it offered to continue the discussion at
future meetings while objecting to the "tenor" of Georgian
remarks. The chair, Finland (Kangaste), predicted to USDel
that Georgia would make an interpretive statement at the
Ministerial in Helsinki the first week in December. An
accompanying FSC decision to forward the draft Ministerial
decision to the Ministerial was adopted without discussion
(FSC.DEC/15/08).

EUCOM Strategy for Active Security
----------------------------------

5. (SBU) Maj Gen Paul Schafer, USAF, the director of
strategy, policy and assessments (J-5) at U.S. European
Command, explained the command's "strategy for active
security," which is designed to defend the U.S. while
creating and maintaining an environment that supports the
strategic interests of the U.S., its Allies, and partners in
Europe, including the Russian Federation. Schafer described
potential threats in the EUCOM region, including terrorism,
interruption of energy supplies, cyber attacks, and regional
instability in the Caucasus, Balkans, Turkey, and the Levant.

USOSCE 00000291 002 OF 003


He then explained how the continuing forward presence of
U.S. forces, albeit greatly reduced from Cold War levels,
coupled with enduring regional partnerships facilitate
security cooperation, exercises and training, contingency
planning and crisis response.

6. (SBU) In response to questions from France and Germany,
Schafer said EUCOM welcomed the EU's contributions to
security in the region, noting the EULEX ("EU law
enforcement") mission in Kosovo. While EUCOM did not, he
said, have extensive contact with OSCE, the command followed
closely and supported the OSCE's work. Schafer, in response
to Finland, said EUCOM took the growing cyber threat
seriously and worked with U.S. Strategic Command to deter and
prevent cyber attacks.
7. (SBU) Russia (Ulyanov) noted the EUCOM area of
responsibility included the entire Russian Federation. What
did that mean for Russia and for EUCOM? Schafer said the
U.S. had organized its security strategy around geographic
regions, each of which included a high-level commander who
was meant to expedite communication and cooperation between
the U.S. and a region's countries. He noted that this
arrangement also seemed to work well for the Russian defense
ministry.

8. (SBU) Ulyanov also observed that EUCOM had cooperated with
and trained Georgia's military for many years, and that
Georgia "had used that training not only in Iraq but also in
South Ossetia." Had EUCOM drawn any conclusions or made any
changes in its cooperation with Georgia as a result of "the
events in August?" Schafer noted that Georgia had provided
the third largest contingent to coalition forces in Iraq,
after the U.S. and the UK. As to the future, EUCOM would
"look at the best way forward based on the circumstances."


Cyber Security Workshop
-----------------------

9. (SBU) Estonia announced it had "taken account" of all the
suggestions it had received on the draft decision for the
agenda and modalities of the March 2009 cyber security
workshop (FSC.DEL/177/09/Rev.1). Russia informed it lacked
instructions and asked for more time to study the proposal.
The chair said it wanted the decision adopted before the end
of the autumn session on December 17 and will reissue the
paper as a chair's draft decision.

Single Deadline for Defense Planning Information
--------------------------------------------- ---

10. (SBU) Russia announced that it had received suggestions
from Germany on the proposal for a single deadline for
submission of Vienna Document defense planning information
(FSC.DEL/494/07/Rev.3/Corr.1). The edits would align the
proposal more closely with the text of the Vienna Document.
Russia will issue a revised draft to take account of these
suggestions shortly. (FSC.DEL/494/07/Rev.4)

AIAM Agenda
-----------

11. (SBU) The chair urged adopting of the French-authored

USOSCE 00000291 003 OF 003


agenda and modalities for the 2009 Annual Implementation
Meeting (FSC.DEL/179/08). The paper will be reissued as a
chair's draft decision. No delegation made comment.

Code of Conduct
---------------

12. (SBU) Belarus wants to substitute the Helsinki Final Act
for the existing reference to the UN Charter in the third
paragraph of the preamble to the draft decision on an update
of the Code of Conduct questionnaire (FSC.DD/14/08) and
include a new paragraph in the preamble on the indivisibility
of security. (FSC.DEL/186/08) Denmark and Sweden immediately
signaled concern over deletion of the UN Charter language.
The chair recalled that the UN Charter reference was included
to capture the concerns of some delegations for gender issues.

13. (SBU) Colonel Anton Eischer (Austria), the FSC Code of
Conduct coordinator, announced his intention to turn to the
third "cluster," "supplementary proposals," while awaiting
further developments on the Code questionnaire. Germany
(Schweizer) applauded this, noting its own supplementary
proposal for regular review of the Code.

Vienna Document Inspectors' Visas
---------------------------------

14. (SBU The UK (Gare) proposed to NATO delegations they
issue a "statement of concern" over a recent change to
Russian visa procedures for Vienna Document inspectors that
would affect the UK, Canada, and the U.S., as well as some
other participating States. Russia now requires visas be
obtained from a Russian consulate in the inspecting state if
it will use points of entry (POE) other than Moscow, St.
Petersburg, or Kaliningrad (refs A and B).

15. (SBU) Gare suggested that paras 88 and 121 of the Vienna
Document 1999 allow the receiving state to change the POE
even after the inspecting state has designated one. This
might mean a UK inspector intending to enter Russia via
Moscow could be denied entry if Russia were to change the POE
to, e.g., Volgograd, which would require a visa issued in
London rather than the "plane-side" visa available in Moscow.
Mission requests Washington indicate if it would be
interested in joining the "statement of concern."

Next Meeting
------------

16. (SBU) The next meeting of the FSC on December 10 will
feature Security Dialogue presentations by Ambassador Jorge
Urbina, chairman of the UN Security Council Committee
established under Resolution 1540, and Ambassador Lubomir
Kopaj, the OSCE project coordinator in Ukraine, on
rehabilitation of areas affected by explosive remnants of
war. There will be no FSC meeting on December 3 because of
the Ministerial Council meetings in Helsinki, December 1-5.
SCOTT

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