Cablegate: Nigeria: President Yar'adua Presents the 2009 Budget
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SUBJECT: NIGERIA: PRESIDENT YAR'ADUA PRESENTS THE 2009 BUDGET
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1. (U) Summary. President Umaru Musa Yar'Adau presented the 2.87
trillion naira ($24.53 billion), budget for calendar year 2009 to a
joint session of the National Assembly on December 2, 2008. The
2009 budget is a slight increase from the final 2008 budget of 2.7
trillion naira ($23 billion) reported in reftel A. It focuses on
five critical issues: infrastructure, human capital development,
land reform, security and the Niger Delta. Notably the proposed
budget sets crude oil production at 2.292 million barrels per day
(mbpd) (a reduction from 2.45 mbpd in 2008 budget), a benchmark
price of $45 per barrel (down from $59 in the 2008 budget), and will
result in a fiscal deficit of 1.09 trillion naira ($9.3 billion)
representing 3.59% of the GDP. The 2009 budget prioritizes the
completion of ongoing projects, rather than starting new ones. The
President's goal is to reduce poverty and achieve Nigeria's
Millennium Development Goals by concentrating on his Seven Point
Agenda. The following information on the budget is based on the
President's speech. Copies of the budget have not yet been released
and when they are, the Mission will provide an update by septel.
Past experience has demonstrated the road to budget passage has been
long and treacherous and decreasing revenues may lead to increased
tensions. End summary.
2. On December 2, 2008, President Yar'Adua presented the 2.87
trillion naira ($24.53 billion) budget to the National Assembly for
2009. The 2009 budget consists of statutory transfers (140.7
billion naira = $1.20 billion); debt service (283.6 billion naira =
$2.42 billion); recurrent expenditure (1.649 trillion naira = $14.09
billion); and capital expenditure (796.7 billion naira = $6.81
3. The 2009 budget espouses the following key assumptions:
-- Oil production at 2.292 million barrels per day;
-- Benchmark price of crude oil at $45 per barrel;
-- Joint venture cash call at $5 billion;
-- GDP growth at 8.9%;
-- Inflation at 8.2%.
4. A deficit of 1.09 trillion naira ($9.3 billion) representing
3.59% of GDP is expected. According to the President, the deficit
will be financed from the following sources: outstanding signature
bonuses from oil blocks sold in prior bid rounds; recall of $200
million from the Nigerian Trust Fund of the African Development
Bank; domestic borrowing; $500 million bond issue from the
international financial markets; privatization proceeds; and unspent
funds from the 2008 budget. The fall in the international crude oil
price is the main course of the budget deficit.
5. The following seven paragraphs list the key projects that will
be funded by the 2009 budget. These are President Yar'Adua's
priorities in power, petroleum resources, public works,
transportation, health, agriculture/water resources and Niger Delta
6. Power Sector: 3.5 billion naira ($29.9 million) for the Mambilla
hydro power generation project; 21.5 billion naira ($183.76 million)
for other power generation projects; 32 billion naira ($251 million)
for transmission projects; and 19.25 billion naira ($151 million)
for distribution projects.
7. Petroleum Resources: 903.9 million naira ($7.1 million) for the
Trans-Sahara Gas Pipeline; 6.7 billion naira ($52 million) for the
Calabar-Umuahia-Ajaokuta Gas Pipeline; 10.3 billion naira ($81
million) for the Ajaokuta-Abuja-Kano pipeline; and 1.1 billion naira
(8.6 million) for the Gas Supply Pipeline to Power Holding Company
of Nigeria Delta IV;
8. Public Works: 10.7 billion naira ($84.2 million) for roads to
access refineries and ports; 56.86 billion naira ($ 447 million) for
highway construction and repairs; 4.3 billion naira ($36.7 million)
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for the construction of the second Niger bridge; and 3.6 billion
naira ($28.3 million) for the Guto/Bagana bridge.
9. Transportation: 12.4 billion naira ($105.9 million) to complete
the rail line from Ajaokuta to Warri port; 8.3 billion naira ($65.3
million) for modernization of railway equipment; and 8.4 billion
naira ($71.8 million) for dredging of the lower Niger River.
10. Health: 6.5 billion naira ($54.7 million) for HIV/AIDS; 3
billion naira ($25.6 million) for midwife services; 7.7 billion
naira ($65.8 million) for maternal and child healthcare; and 6
billion naira ($51.2 million) for polio eradication.
11. Agriculture and Water Resources: 4.6 billion naira ($39.3
million) for infrastructure development for livestock production;
6.5 billion naira ($55.5 million) for tractor services; 15 billion
naira ($118.1 million) for fertilizer supply; and 11.6 billion naira
($91.3 million) for water supply and sanitation.
12. Niger Delta Development: 28.4 billion naira ($223.6 million) for
the east-west road project; 92.8 million naira ($730,708) to improve
and sustain the environment; and 18 million naira ($141,732) to
establish skills acquisition centers.
13. President Yar'Adua announced that in 2009 the Nigerian Police
will invest 5.738 billion naira ($49.04 million) in community
policing in Lagos, Abuja, Port Harcourt, Kano, Onitsha, and
Maiduguri, with the target of reducing crime by 40% in one year. He
also reported that the Ministry of Interior will spend 1.8 billion
naira ($15.38 million) to improve prison infrastructure.
14. In a bid to improve power generation and achieve a 6,000
megawatts electric supply target by the end of 2009, the Nigerian
National Petroleum Corporation's ability would be enhanced to supply
1.2 billion square cubic feet of natural gas.
15. In the health sector, the President said that tertiary
hospitals in Calabar, Awka, and Ile Ife will be completed, while
other hospitals in various parts of the country will also be
refurbished and equipped.
16. In the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, the following projects
will be implemented: 11.3 billion naira ($96.58 million) for the
completion of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Headquarters; 5.1
billion naira ($43.59 million) for the construction of water plants;
10 billion naira ($85.47 million) for road construction; 3.5 billion
naira ($29.91 million) for the Abuja Technology Village project; and
11 billion naira ($94.02 million) for the Abuja metro rail project.
17. In light of the current global financial crisis and declining
revenues, the Government of Nigeria (GON) decided to take measures
to increase efficiency in public expenditure management such as:
freezing recurrent expenditure at 2008 levels; suspending
acquisitions of new vehicles; suspending construction and furnishing
of new office buildings; reducing by 50% funds for foreign training
and travels; and a 20% reduction in government travel within
Nigeria. Concomitantly, information technology platforms will be
installed in all ministries, departments, and agencies (MDAs) to
monitor salary administration in order to eliminate ghost workers.
Also to combat fraud, payment for MDAs goods and services will be
Better Late than Never
18. Comment: The President postponed budget presentation on three
different occasions due to further consultations with the
legislative branch. The GON says these delays were to ensure smooth
and timely passage of the budget because the drop in crude oil price
posed a dilemma in setting the parameters for the 2009 budget.
Based on oil production problems in 2008 and 2007 within the Niger
Delta region the oil production target seems ambitious.
19. In addition, the $45 crude oil benchmark price may be high
because of international downward trends in the price. If the
international price continues to fall then there will be significant
revenue shortfalls for the GON.
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20. Another likely problem could be the slow passage of the budget
by the legislature. As seen in 2008 budget process, the executive
and legislative branch went back and forth many times until a
compromise was reached. With the potential for less revenue to be
shared this year, there could be extended discussion and delays
before we see a final 2009 budget. End Comment.
21. (U) This message was coordinated with ConGen Lagos.