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Cablegate: Eastern Drc Notes - December 9

VZCZCXRO1988
OO RUEHBZ RUEHDU RUEHGI RUEHJO RUEHMR RUEHRN
DE RUEHKI #1087 3441510
ZNR UUUUU ZZH
O 091510Z DEC 08
FM AMEMBASSY KINSHASA
TO RUEHC/SECSTATE WASHDC IMMEDIATE 8875
INFO RUEHXR/RWANDA COLLECTIVE
RUCNSAD/SOUTHERN AF DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLECTIVE
RUEAIIA/CIA WASHDC
RHEFDIA/DIA WASHDC
RHMFISS/HQ USEUCOM VAIHINGEN GE
RUZEJAA/JAC MOLESWORTH RAF MOLESWORTH UK

UNCLAS KINSHASA 001087

SENSITIVE
SIPDIS

E.O. 12958: N/A
TAGS: PGOV PREL MOPS PHUM PREF KPKO CG
SUBJECT: EASTERN DRC NOTES - DECEMBER 9

REF: KINSHASA 1078

1. (U) The items contained in this report consist principally of
spot information from various sources. This report is not
exhaustive, nor can all the information contained therein be
confirmed at this time.

Security Situation
------------------

2. (SBU) According to information from NGOs provided to the Goma
DART team, on December 8 CNDP forces executed the village chief and
his son in Kiringa, east of Rutshuru town. NGOs also said that the
CNDP prevented Caritas personnel from harvesting beans from a
project in Rutshuru intended to feed prisoners in North Kivu.
According to Caritas, CNDP soldiers claimed that the rebel group
would use the beans to feed its own troops. Mercy Corps separately
reported that CNDP forces requisitioned one of its trucks to
transport soldiers and equipment to Rumangabo, south of Rutshuru on
the road to Goma.

3. (SBU) CNDP and PARECO forces reportedly fought in Mukunga and
Kahunga, north of Kiwanja. According to local sources, residents of
Kiwanja heard the fighting and some fled to Rutshuru. Separately,
MONUC reported on December 8 that Mai-Mai forces executed two
civilians in Kashebere, in Walikale territory, for unknown reasons.

Political Developments
----------------------

4. (SBU) Several diplomatic sources in Kinshasa have provided
information regarding the ongoing meeting in Nairobi between the
government and the CNDP. One source, who claimed access to a
participant in the talks, said that the major point of disagreement
continues to be the framework for future negotiations - whether
one-on-one as the CNDP insists, or within the framework of the Amani
process as the government wants. The CNDP reportedly protested that
it had not cleared the roadmap that Obasanjo's senior advisor,
retired Kenyan General Sumbeiwo, had presented to Nkunda (reftel).

5. (SBU) Another diplomatic source reported that the meeting will
likely go on for several days, as it appeared that Obasanjo and
Mkapa had essentially taken the lead in yesterday's session, with no
direct dialogue between the GDRC and the CNDP. Obasanjo and Mkapa
have allegedly developed a fulsome agenda, which the government
fears will allow the CNDP to expand the mandate of the talks.
Additionally, a number of Mai-Mai groups have been invited to
Nairobi, but will apparently only participate in certain sessions,
if both the GDRC and CNDP agree; Obasanjo and Mkapa appear to think
this ad hoc participation of other groups would be useful.

6. (U) The December 8 meeting of EU Foreign Ministers did not reach
a decision to send EU forces to the DRC, but only tasked the
Commission and High Representative Solana to prepare the technical,
humanitarian, and political elements of the EU's response to the
UNSYG's recent letter. In a press conference following the meeting,
French Foreign Minister Kouchner appeared to indicate that he
supported the plan to send EU forces to the DRC, but that many
Member States were opposed.

GARVELINK

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