G8: Preventing the Proliferation of WMDs
For Immediate Release
Office of the Press Secretary
June 27, 2002
FACT SHEET G-8 SUMMIT:
PREVENTING THE PROLIFERATION OF WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION
We will work closely with our coalition to deny terrorists and their state sponsors the materials, technology, and expertise to make and deliver weapons of mass destruction.
President George W. Bush January 29, 2002
The President and other G-8 Leaders agreed today to a new Global Partnership to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction and related materials and technology. The United States has been a driving force behind this initiative. 4 The G-8 committed to raise up to $20 billion over 10 years for this initiative. The United States intends to provide half that total. 4 The G-8 also announced a set of key nonproliferation principles. The Partnership turns those principles into concrete action.
G-8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction:
President Bush and his G-8 colleagues agreed today to launch a major new effort to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction to terrorists or those who support them. Under the
G-8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Material of Mass Destruction,
the United States, the G-7 and the European Commission have agreed to raise up to $20 billion for projects pertaining to disarmament, nonproliferation, counterterrorism and nuclear safety, over the next ten years. The United States intends to provide half of the total funding.
The focus of the Global
Partnership will initially be on projects in Russia. The
initiative will also be open to other
states, including other former Soviet states. G-8 members have agreed on basic guidelines for implementing the initiative. The G-8 will establish a senior-level mechanism to coordinate Partnership activities, including monitoring progress and considering project priorities and opportunities.
The Global Partnership will initiate new bilateral and multilateral projects, and enhance existing ones. Donor governments may choose a range of financing options, including exchanges of a portion of Russia's Soviet-era debt for Partnership projects. Only funds disbursed after today's announcement will be included in the Partnership. The G-8 has invited others to join in this endeavor.
G-8 Nonproliferation Principles: The President and his G-8 colleagues also today adopted a set of Principles to prevent terrorists or those who harbor them from acquiring or developing nuclear, chemical, radiological and biological weapons, missiles, and related materials, equipment and technology. The G-8 Leaders call on all states to commit to these Principles.
U.S. Nonproliferation Assistance: The G-8 Global Partnership builds on, and expands, a decade of cooperation between the United States and former Soviet states to reduce and prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, starting with the Cooperative Threat Reduction (Nunn-Lugar) program in FY1992. From FY1992 to FY2002, the United States allocated approximately $7 billion for this purpose. In the President's FY2003 budget request, he has proposed about $1 billion in nonproliferation and, threat reduction assistance to former Soviet states the highest single-year request ever made for these projects.
Key ongoing U.S. nonproliferation and threat reduction projects in Russia and other former Soviet states, including Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, will be enhanced under the Global Partnership. These include:
Reducing strategic missiles, bombers, silos and submarines;
Ending weapons-grade plutonium production;
Reducing excess weapons-grade plutonium;
Upgrading storage and transport security for nuclear warheads;
Upgrading storage security for fissile material;
Reducing nuclear weapons infrastructure;
Destroying chemical weapons;
Eliminating chemical weapons production capability;
Securing biological pathogens;
Providing peaceful employment for former weapons scientists;
Enhancing export controls and border security;
Improving safety of civil nuclear reactors.