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Powell Urged to Raise Aceh War at ASEAN Meeting

Powell Urged to Raise Aceh War at ASEAN Meeting

Indonesia Human Rights Network

U.S. based human rights organizations today urged Secretary of State Colin Powell to raise Indonesia¹s war in Aceh at the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) meeting in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Powell is expected to attend meetings on June 18.

³We believe it entirely appropriate to convey to the Indonesian Foreign Minister that U.S. cooperation with the Indonesian Government < including military-to-military cooperation and support for Indonesian debt rescheduling < is contingent on a prompt end to the military¹s human rights abuses and crackdown on civil society in Aceh, as well as on allowing humanitarian relief organizations, human rights organizations and journalists to function freely in the region,² the organizations wrote in a
letter to the Secretary of State.

³As Indonesia defies international will and continues to attack civilians in Aceh, it is critical that Secretary Powell convey the strongest message possible to Indonesia¹s leaders that they must put an end to this war and return to the negotiating table,² said Karen Orenstein, Washington Coordinator of the East Timor Action Network.

Indonesia is using U.S.-supplied weapons, such as OV-10 Broncos, F-16¹s and C-130 Hercules aircraft, in Indonesia¹s largest military operation since the 1975 invasion of East Timor. The Indonesian military has already committed numerous human rights abuses. Human rights groups and journalist have reported extrajudicial executions of children as young as 12 by the military, as well as crackdowns on humanitarian relief organizations, journalists and human rights organizations. The military has announced plans for the forced relocation of hundreds of thousands of civilians; tens of
thousands are reported to be internally displaced.

The letter signed by the East Timor Action Network, Indonesia Human Rights Network, International Labor Rights Fund, Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Center for Human Rights, and U.S. Committee for Refugees, also called upon Powell to advance a multilateral ASEAN country effort to press Indonesia towards peace in Aceh.

³The people of Aceh must be part of any discussions about Aceh¹s future, not just the armed parties. We ask that representatives from Acehnese civil society be included in the negotiations,² said Kurt Biddle, Coordinator for the Indonesia Human Rights Network. ³After all, civilians have suffered the
most in this war.²

Background:
Aceh, on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra, is the site of one of Asia¹s longest running wars. For almost 27 years, the armed Free Aceh Movement (GAM) has been demanding independence from Indonesia. On December 9, 2002, an important cease-fire agreement (CoHA) was signed between
Indonesia and GAM. Both sides were cited as violating the agreement. In February, Indonesian security forces began actively undermining the CoHA by targeting peaceful political and human rights activists for arrest. At talks in Tokyo, the Indonesian government demanded that GAM drop its goal of
independence and disband in order to continue the talks -- conditions that GAM could not fulfill. On May 19, 2003, Indonesian President Megawati Sukarnoputri declared martial law in Aceh and a few hours later hundreds of Indonesian troops poured in and renewed the fighting. Numerous civilians and
five GAM negotiators were arrested. Under martial law they are not allowed legal representation for twenty days; this can be extended to fifty days. Support in Aceh for independence from Indonesia is widespread and growing in response to a lack of benefit from Aceh¹s vast natural resource wealth and
the brutality of the Indonesian military and police.

ETAN advocates for democracy, sustainable development, justice and human rights, including women's rights, for the people of East Timor. ETAN calls for an international tribunal to prosecute crimes against humanity that took place in East Timor since 1975.

IHRN is a U.S.-based grassroots organization working to educate and activate the American public and influence U.S. foreign policy and international economic interests to support democracy, demilitarization, and justice through accountability and rule of law in Indonesia. IHRN seeks to end armed forces repression in Indonesia by exposing it to international scrutiny.
IHRN works with and advocates on behalf of people throughout the Indonesian archipelago to strengthen civil society.

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