Solomon Islands Dolphin Trade Confirmed As Illegal
For immediate release: Tuesday 22nd July 2003
Solomon Islands Dolphin Trade Confirmed As Illegal
New evidence that the Guadalcanal Provincial government did not give approval for the export trade in wild dolphins confirms that the capture and subsequent import of the Solomon Islands dolphins to Mexico was illegal.
Documents obtained by the World Society for Protection of Animals (WSPA) also show that the government had grave concerns about the practice and called for a stop to export licences as far back as March this year.
WSPA has forwarded the documents to the New Zealand Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade, as well as to other government departments in the Pacific region.
"Twenty-eight dolphins arrived in Mexico overnight and there are up to another 170 still in sea cages in the Solomon Islands ," says WSPA Australia/New Zealand Regional Director Georgia Stephenson. "At least four dolphins have died as a direct result of being incarcerated in the makeshift sea cages and eyewitness accounts have confirmed that the dolphins still in captivity in the Solomons are not being fed enough or being given proper care."
Any foreign venture in the Solomons must
have approval from both the central and provincial
government to carry out its business. This material verifies
that a Provincial Business Licence from Guadalcanal Province
- which makes up the main island, including Honiara, from
where the majority of the dolphins have been caught -
was not given.
"The attached letters - from the highest elected provincial official, Premier Waeta Ben Tabusasi, and the Director of the Environment and Conservation Division of the Ministry of Forests, Environment and Conservation - are incontrovertible evidence that the law was broken and that concerns were held about the overexploitation of wild dolphin stocks," says Ms Stephenson.
"Export permits can also only be granted according to CITES when an appropriate equivalent of a CITES Scientific Authority has advised that such export will not be detrimental to the survival of that species. The Solomons currently lacks the data on wild dolphin stock to safely make that assessment. "
Foreign business interests are believed to be collecting and training a number of the dolphins for shipment abroad, where a single captive dolphin can be worth up to $30,000. WSPA is concerned at reports of plans to import a number of these dolphins for use in controversial captive swim-with-dolphin programmes, at the very time when a ban on the capture of dolphins from Mexican waters is going through the legislative process.
"Long plane journeys such as the one the 28 dolphins were being subjected to are excruciating for these marine mammals, as their internal organs are susceptible to being damaged by their body weight once out of water. "
We are very concerned with the welfare of the remaining dolphins in the Solomon Islands. Some of them haven been there since November. WSPA finds it appalling that 28 dolphins have been taken to Mexico under questionable circumstances for an industry we are completely opposed to - the animal entertainment industry. This situation is inexcusable and should serve as a grim example to ensure the dolphins left in the Solomon Islands will not be exported and will be released. "
Locals are also angry at the export. Chief Matthew Kuri, 98, from Gela Island, said there has not been a proper consultation with locals about the trade and the operation is illegal because traditional landowners had not given their approval. Dolphins have long been a cherished part of the Solomon Islands’ cultural heritage. In certain areas, it is taboo to harm a dolphin, based on the ancient belief that humans with mystical powers could transform themselves into sea creatures.
For more information, including copies of documents proving illegality of trade contact:
Georgia Stephenson, WSPA, 0061 2 9902 8000; mobile 0061 438 601 053
1. An estimated 1,000 dolphins are currently held in captivity worldwide.
2. All species of dolphin are protected from illegal trade under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).
3. A pod of dolphins can number from 30 to 600 dolphins. The main species caught in the waters surrounding the Solomon Islands are Spinner (Stenella longirostris) and Spotted (Stenella attennuata). Other species include Striped (S coeruleoalba), Common (Delphinus delphis), Bottlenose (Tursiops truncatus), Frasers (Lagenodelphis hosei) and Risso's (Grampus griseus).
4. WSPA is recognised by the UN and works to raise the standards of animal welfare throughout the world. As the leading international federation of animal welfare organisations, WSPA’s campaigns and projects are developed in partnership with more than 440 member societies in over 100 countries. Through its campaigns, education, training and animal rescue initiatives, WSPA seeks to ensure that the principles of animal welfare are universally understood and respected, and protected by effectively enforced legislation.
5. For details of how people can help WSPA in
its campaign to free the dolphins, please go to