World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search


Protection of Cultural Property in War Becomes Law

Treaty Protecting Cultural Property During War Becomes Law - UNESCO

A treaty stipulating that cultural heritage must be protected during war and that individual perpetrators of "crimes against culture" must be held responsible became law today in participating countries, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) said today.

The Second Protocol to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in Event of Armed Conflict entered into force after Costa Rica became the 20th country to ratify the pact.

UNESCO Director-General Koichiro Matsuura said it is now more important than ever to protect cultural property in times of war. "Given its deeply symbolic value, belligerents too often make it a deliberate target for acts of pillaging, destruction and vandalism," he said.

Under the Second Protocol, an Intergovernmental Committee comprising 12 States Parties will monitor the implementation of the Convention and its two Protocols. The Committee will be able to designate certain cultural properties as being "of the greatest importance for humanity" and give them "enhanced protection."

The 1954 Convention has 108 States Parties. The First Protocol, adopted the same year, has 87 States Parties. It forbids the export of cultural property from an occupied territory, requires the return of such property to the territory from which it was removed and forbids warring parties to retain cultural property as war reparations.

Besides Costa Rica, the States Parties to the Second Protocol are Argentina, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Cyprus, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Honduras, Libya, Lithuania, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Qatar, Serbia and Montenegro, and Spain.

© Scoop Media

World Headlines


Preliminary Results: MH17 Investigation Report

The Joint Investigation Team (JIT) is convinced of having obtained irrefutable evidence to establish that on 17 July 2014, flight MH-17 was shot down by a BUK missile from the 9M38-series. According to the JIT there is also evidence identifying the launch location that involves an agricultural field near Pervomaiskyi which, at the time, was controlled by pro-Russian fighters. More>>


At The UN: Paris Climate Agreement Moves Closer To Entry Into Force

The Paris Agreement on climate change moved closer toward entering into force in 2016 as 31 more countries joined the agreement today at a special event hosted by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. More>>



Gordon Campbell: On The End Game In Spain (And Other World News)

The coverage of international news seems almost entirely dependent on a random selection of whatever some overseas news agency happens to be carrying overnight... Here are a few interesting international stories that have largely flown beneath the radar this past week. More>>

Amnesty/Human Rights Watch: Appalling Abuse, Neglect Of Refugees On Nauru

Refugees and asylum seekers on Nauru, most of whom have been held there for three years, routinely face neglect by health workers and other service providers who have been hired by the Australian government, as well as frequent unpunished assaults by local Nauruans. More>>


Other Australian Detention

Gordon Campbell: On The Censorship Havoc In South Africa’s State Broadcaster

Demands have included an order to staff that there should be no further negative news about the country’s President Jacob Zuma, and SABC camera operators responsible for choosing camera angles that have allegedly made the President ‘look shorter’ were to be retrained... More>>


Gordon Campbell: On A Bad Week For Malcolm Turnbull, And The Queen

Malcolm Turnbull’s immediate goal – mere survival – is still within his grasp... In every other respect though, this election has been a total disaster for the Liberals. More>>


Get More From Scoop

Search Scoop  
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news