Annan: World Trade Imbalances Are Discriminatory
Present World Trade Imbalances Are Discriminatory, Annan Says
If new rules aiming to free world trade then throw up barriers of their own, the problem is not lack of coherence but the kind of discrimination which people are expecting the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) to oppose, UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan told government ministers in São Paulo, Brazil, today.
“Policies ought not to give with one hand and take away with the other. Rules designed to liberate ought not to create new barriers. Countries which press others to liberalize trade should be willing to do the same themselves,” he said as he opened the 11th UNCTAD ministerial conference.
“If they don't, we politely call it lack of coherence; but we could just as accurately call it discrimination. And that is what people are looking to this conference to take a strong stand against.”
The world could improve living standards for all because it now has the experience, the technologies, the unprecedented consensus around the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) seeking to halve extreme poverty by 2015 and the beginning of a global economic recovery, he said.
Pointing to the lack of coherence, Mr. Annan said Asian entrepreneurs trying to take advantage of a new market opportunity in a rich country, might find that their roads were inadequate for the trucks that would have to carry their exports to local ports.
An African farmer might find that duty-free access to global markets has been nullified by requirements for sophisticated packaging, or by the financial and marketing impact of subsidies paid to competitors in wealthier countries.
The indigenous producer of medicinal herbs in Latin America might not know whether his peoples would be fairly rewarded, he said.
Indigenous populations have been battling for rights to their herbal knowledge through the UN World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
What the world lacked was a development-friendly trading regime, but that might be coming in the wake of important initiatives from the European Union (EU) and the United States, while the successful use of the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) dispute settlement mechanism, notably by Brazil, has shown that a rule-based system could help developing country producers, Mr. Annan said.
In April, Brazil successfully challenged U.S. subsidies of its cotton exports.
If the new round of talks under the Global
System of Trade of Preferences among Developing Countries
leads those countries to reduce tariffs among themselves by
50 per cent, world trade would jump by $15.5 billion and
decisively help to develop what President Luiz Inacio Lula
da Silva of Brazil has called “a new global trade
geography,” the Secretary-General said.