SpaceShipOne First Private Manned Space Mission
SpaceShipOne Makes History: First Private Manned Mission to Space
The world witnessed the dawn of a new space age today, as investor and philanthropist Paul G. Allen and Scaled Composites launched the first private manned vehicle beyond the Earth’s atmosphere. The successful launch demonstrated that the final frontier is now open to private enterprise.
SpaceShipOne sits on the ramp on its landing gear.
Under the command of test pilot Mike Melvill, SpaceShipOne reached a record breaking altitude of 328,491 feet (approximately 62 miles or 100 km), making Melvill the first civilian to fly a spaceship out of the atmosphere and the first private pilot to earn astronaut wings.
SpaceShipOne in feather above 200,000 ft on flight 14P. San Diego is at left, Santa Barbara is under the left wing and Edwards Air Force Base is at lower/center.
This flight begins an exciting new era in space travel,” said Paul G. Allen, sole sponsor in the SpaceShipOne program. “Burt Rutan and his team at Scaled Composites are part of a new generation of explorers who are sparking the imagination of a huge number of people worldwide and ushering in the birth of a new industry of privately funded manned space flight.”
The White Knight turbojet aircraft climbs over the Mojave desert with SpaceShipOne attached below.
The historic flight also marks the first time an aerospace program has successfully completed a manned mission without government sponsorship. “Today’s flight marks a critical turning point in the history of aerospace,” said Scaled Composites founder and CEO Burt Rutan. “ We have redefined space travel as we know it.”
SpaceShipOne glides down for approach to the Mojave airport.
“Our success proves without question that manned space flight does not require mammoth government expenditures,” Rutan declared. “It can be done by a small company operating with limited resources and a few dozen dedicated employees.”
Shown just before touchdown at 90 mph, SpaceShipOne returns to the runway.
A large crowd watched the momentous flight live
from the grounds of the Mojave Airport, joining millions of
others around the world who tuned in by television, radio,
and the internet. Dignitaries attending the event included
U.S. Representative Dana Rohrabacher, the Commanding Officer
of Edwards Air Force Base, General Pearson and the China
Lake Naval Air Warfare Center, Admiral Venlet; former
astronaut Buzz Aldrin, and Konrad Dannenberg, one of Werner
Von Braun’s lead scientists on this country’s original space
development effort. Hundreds of media representatives were
also on hand to record history in the making.