World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 

Aids Wreaks Devastating Toll On Human Development

Aids Is Wreaking Devastating Toll On Human Development - UN Report

The HIV/AIDS epidemic is having a catastrophic impact on human development in sub-Saharan Africa, reducing life expectancy and living standards in many countries and reversing the effects of any gains made in other fields, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) says today.

Launching the http://hdr.undp.org/reports/global/2004/ Human Development Report 2004, its flagship annual report, the UNDP says the inhabitants of at least 46 countries are poorer than they were a decade ago. Almost half of these nations are in Africa.

The biggest reason for the deterioration is HIV/AIDS. In eight countries - Angola, the Central African Republic (CAR), Lesotho, Mozambique, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe - life expectancy has fallen to below 40 years.

UNDP Administrator Mark Malloch Brown says the disease is undermining every aspect of societies, from private family life to economic production.

"The AIDS crisis cripples States at all levels, because the disease attacks people in their most productive years. It tears apart the foundations of everything from public administration and health care to family structures," he says.

The Report includes the Human Development Index (HDI), which measures life expectancy, adult literacy, school enrolment rates and gross domestic product (GDP) per person to build a broad picture of daily living standards in each country.

This year it measures 175 UN Member States, as well as Hong Kong and the occupied Palestinian territories. The UNDP - which is using statistics from 2002 - does not have enough accurate or recent data to measure 16 States, including Afghanistan, Iraq, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), Liberia, Serbia and Montenegro, and Somalia.

Norway tops the global rankings again this year: its inhabitants have a life expectancy of 79 years, a school enrolment ratio of 98 per cent, a per capita gross domestic product (GDP) of $36,000. Sweden, Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Belgium, Iceland, the United States, Japan and Ireland complete the top 10. In all, 55 nations are classed as having high human development.

But the countries at the bottom of the HDI rankings, classed as having low human development and dominated by sub-Saharan Africa, are slipping further behind. Sierra Leone is in last place for the seventh consecutive year as it attempts to recover from a brutal and long-running civil war.

The other members of the bottom 10 are Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali, Burundi, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Ethiopia, the CAR and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The world's newest nation, Timor-Leste, is also the worst-off in Asia, ranking 158th of the 177 countries and territories measured.

The Report also contains indices of human poverty and gender equality and economic inequality to help international policy-makers better target their programmes.

Mr. Malloch Brown says the Report is useful in helping to determine what progress countries are making towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals ( http://www.un.org/millenniumgoals/ MDGs), the eight targets set by world leaders at a UN summit in 2000 that aim to cut in half extreme poverty and hunger, bring educational parity to boys and girls and improve the plight of slum dwellers, all by 2015.

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Rohingya Muslims Massacred: Restrictions On Aid Put 1000s At Risk

Amnesty: The Myanmar authorities’ restrictions on international aid in Rakhine state is putting tens of thousands of lives at risk in a region where mainly Rohingya people are already suffering horrific abuses from a disproportionate military campaign. More>>

ALSO:

Werewolf: Gordon Campbell On North Korea, Neo-Nazism, And Milo

With a bit of luck the planet won’t be devastated by nuclear war in the next few days. US President Donald Trump will have begun to fixate on some other way to gratify his self-esteem – maybe by invading Venezuela or starting a war with Iran. More>>

ALSO:

Victory Declared: New Stabilisation Funding From NZ As Mosul Is Retaken

New Zealand has congratulated the Iraqi government on the successful liberation of Mosul from ISIS after a long and hard-fought campaign. More>>

Gordon Campbell: On The Current US Moves Against North Korea

If Martians visited early last week, they’d probably be scratching their heads as to why North Korea was being treated as a potential trigger for global conflict... More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On The Lessons From Corbyn’s Campaign

Leaving partisan politics aside – and ignoring Jeremy Corbyn’s sensational election campaign for a moment – it has to be said that Britain is now really up shit creek... More>>

ALSO:

 
 
 
 
 
 
  • Pacific.Scoop
  • Cafe Pacific
  • PMC