World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


Sth Korean Nuke Tests Helped by US & Russia

South Korean nuclear tests helped by the US and Russia


Seoul, September 13, 2004 - As new evidence reveals that uranium enrichment experiments in South Korea have been assisted by laboratories in the United States and Russia, Greenpeace is calling for an immediate end to international collaboration on plutonium and uranium enrichment denouncing such programmes as recipes for nuclear weapons proliferation and disaster. These experiments have sparked concerns over a nuclear weapons programme in South Korea.

According to the nuclear industry journal, Nuclear Fuel, the Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) benefited from the direct assistance of both the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory (LLL) in California, where key Korean nuclear scientists were trained, and the Institute of General Physics in Moscow before carrying out experiments in producing nuclear weapons usable enriched uranium, in 2000.(1)

“Nuclear non-proliferation policy is in chaos. Government labs and the international nuclear industry are helping countries access or produce nuclear weapons materials, technology and expertise. In this case South Korea has benefited. However, over the last two decades, its neighbour, Japan, has acquired a vast stockpile of nuclear weapons usable plutonium with direct US, French and UK involvement,” said Shaun Burnie of Greenpeace International

In addition to assisting in uranium enrichment, since the early 1990s KAERI has been cooperating with Russia and Europe in the development of sensitive plutonium research. Greenpeace research has identified Korean cooperation in plutonium fast reactor fuel technology at the Dimitrovgrad facility in Russia, supported by the UK’s British Nuclear Fuels, France’s Cogema and Japan’s Toshiba (2); and plutonium MOX fuel experiments in the SCK nuclear facility in Belgium, again with international assistance.

“The consequences of these efforts, combined with North Korea’s nuclear weapons program can only lead to nuclear escalation on the Korean peninsula and destabilisation of the whole of North East Asia unless there is a rapid change in global nuclear policy,” said Burnie.

For further information please contact:
Mike Townsley, Greenpeace International Press Desk, The Netherlands, +31 621296918
Shaun Burnie, Greenpeace International Nuclear Campaigner, France, +33 6303 68672

Notes:

1 – See Nuclear Fuel September 13th 2004

2 – Plutonium fast reactor fuel development was conducted under the program, “Fuel Pins with Vibropack Oxide Fuel for Plutonium and Transuranium Element Utilisation and Technology for Their Manufacture,” at the nuclear laboratory, Dimitrovgrad-10, in Russia.

3 - Scientific partners testing plutonium MOX fuel in Belgium during the 1990’s to the present include: Belgonucléaire (BN) -- Korean Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) -- British Nuclear Fuels Ltd (BNFL) -- Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd (MHI) -- Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI) -- Nuclear Fuel Industries Ltd (NFI) -- Electricité de France (EdF).

4 - KAERI has also sought to develop another advanced enrichment program after AVLIS tests, so-called AMLIS (Advanced Molecular Laser Isotope Separation), in a joint project with Lawrence Livermore, but this was blocked by the U.S. Department of Energy in 2002. The U.S. lab is currently seeking to restart its own AVLIS program to purify plutonium for nuclear weapons use.

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

At The UN: Paris Climate Agreement Moves Closer To Entry Into Force

The Paris Agreement on climate change moved closer toward entering into force in 2016 as 31 more countries joined the agreement today at a special event hosted by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon. More>>

ALSO:

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On The End Game In Spain (And Other World News)

The coverage of international news seems almost entirely dependent on a random selection of whatever some overseas news agency happens to be carrying overnight... Here are a few interesting international stories that have largely flown beneath the radar this past week. More>>

Amnesty/Human Rights Watch: Appalling Abuse, Neglect Of Refugees On Nauru

Refugees and asylum seekers on Nauru, most of whom have been held there for three years, routinely face neglect by health workers and other service providers who have been hired by the Australian government, as well as frequent unpunished assaults by local Nauruans. More>>

ALSO:

Other Australian Detention

Gordon Campbell: On The Censorship Havoc In South Africa’s State Broadcaster

Demands have included an order to staff that there should be no further negative news about the country’s President Jacob Zuma, and SABC camera operators responsible for choosing camera angles that have allegedly made the President ‘look shorter’ were to be retrained... More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On A Bad Week For Malcolm Turnbull, And The Queen

Malcolm Turnbull’s immediate goal – mere survival – is still within his grasp... In every other respect though, this election has been a total disaster for the Liberals. More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On Bidding Bye Bye To Boris

Boris Johnson’s exit from the contest for Conservative Party leadership supports the conspiracy theory that he never really expected the “Leave” option to win the referendum – and he has no intention now of picking up the poisoned chalice that managing the outcome will entail... More>>

ALSO:

Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
 
World
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news