Millions of campaigners demand urgent action
Millions of campaigners demand urgent action from world leaders on eve of UN Summit
As leaders from 175 countries arrive for the UN Summit in New York, the world’s largest anti-poverty movement, the Global Call to Action against Poverty (GCAP), is outraged at the lack of progress and political backtracking on poverty eradication. In last minute negotiations, the movement believes several governments are playing politics with the lives of tens of millions of poor people around the world.
This was the summit that was going to make poverty history. Originally billed the ‘UN Millennium +5 Summit’, the objective of this week’s gathering of world leaders at the United Nations was to review progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Shamefully, as the negotiations stall and commitments are watered down, faceless decision makers appear oblivious to the human cost.
A mother dies every minute in childbirth, millions of women and children have no access to healthcare or life saving medicines. The world has never been richer, yet the number of people living in extreme poverty is on the increase worldwide. 70 million girls are still out of school yet negotiators will not even recognize that they have missed the first MDG, committed for 2005: equity between girls and boys in access to primary education. Central in the fight against poverty, this demonstrates the lack of political will and resources committed to addressing gender equality.
In recent days millions of men, women and children in over ninety countries have held peaceful marches, organized political concerts, rated their governments' compliance to MDG targets through shadow reports and testimonials, wrapped iconic buildings in white bands and much more, to pressure their governments to take immediate action to fight global poverty. Yet their voices continue to be ignored with leaders failing to show the political will and moral courage demanded of them by their people.
“2005 was to have been a year of great opportunity,” said Rasheda Choudhury, of the Global Call to Action against Poverty. “Unbelievably leaders are back-tracking on previous commitments, let alone taking the bold steps needed to eradicate extreme poverty by 2015. It is unacceptable that leaders do not acknowledge the serious danger of missing even these minimalist goals. What’s more, they are not being taken to task this week for the unacceptably slow level of progress towards meeting them.”
Rich countries give half as much of their income to fight poverty as they did in 1960. Despite an agreement made over 35 years ago to devote 0.7% of GNI in aid to the world’s poorest countries, only 5 countries have achieved this target. Rich countries are still dragging their feet on aid, despite reconfirming their promise to the target at Monterrey in 2002. GCAP wants all developed countries to commit to a timetable to reach the 0.7% target, and this must be included in the final Summit document. Leaders must also commit to ending harmful conditions too often attached to this aid.
Poor countries remain crippled by debt. GCAP believes the debt deal made at the G8 Summit clearly is not enough. UN leaders must go further to ensure every country that needs debt cancellation to achieve the Millennium Development Goals receives it as soon as possible. This debt cancellation must not be accompanied by additional harmful conditions. Wording on 100% debt cancellation for highly indebted poor and middle-income countries without harmful conditionality must be kept in the summit document.
Trade continues to work for the rich against the poor. Trade talks have become a vehicle for forcing poor countries to open their markets at any cost, destroying the livelihoods of poor people whilst rich countries hide behind massive subsidies and dump their goods on world markets. Leaders must agree at the summit to the right of developing countries to determine their own trade policies and protect their markets and critical public services such as water. The final summit document must reflect the interests of all developing countries without discrimination and avoid pitting groups of countries against each other.
The final summit document must reconfirm and go beyond the previous commitments on women’s rights and gender equality agreed over the last two decades at the United Nations, at Beijing and Cairo meetings. A reaffirmation of the centrality of gender equality to poverty eradication and development is needed now more than ever.
In the final hours before negotiations conclude, GCAP urges governments to listen to the voices of ordinary citizens who are calling for change. No more excuses will be acceptable to the tens of millions of people living in poverty around the world. The time to act is now.