Polish courts uphold defamation as criminal
POLAND: Constitutional courts uphold defamation as a criminal offence: journalist Andrzej Marek could be sent back to prison
IFEX - News from the international freedom of expression community
ALERT - POLAND
3 November 2006
Constitutional courts uphold defamation as a criminal offence: journalist Andrzej Marek could be sent back to prison
SOURCE: Reporters sans frontières (RSF), Paris
(RSF/IFEX) - RSF has condemned the Polish constitutional court's decision to uphold Article 212 of the Criminal Code, under which defaming or publicly humiliating someone is punishable by up to a year in prison, or two years if done in the media.
"Confirming Article 212 endorses the highest judicial authorities' refusal to let Poland's legislation on free expression evolve," the organisation said. "Other countries in central and eastern Europe are repealing laws criminalizing defamation, but Poland insists on keeping this draconian provision."
RSF added: "Moldova and Romania have made an effort to draw closer to European Union legislation but Poland, which was one of the first countries to benefit from the expansion eastwards, is emerging as the European Union's bad pupil as regards free expression."
The constitutional court recognised that free expression is "one of the most important values of a democratic state" but decided that personal dignity and honour come first. Many international human rights organisations continue to call for the repeal of prison sentences for press offences, which violate article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights.
The press has been the target of prosecutions since Lech Kaczynski became president in October 2005. Andrzej Marek, the editor of the weekly "Wiesci Polickie", was detained for two days in January 2006 for writing about an official's alleged corruption. He could be sent back to prison following this decision by the constitutional court (see IFEX alerts of 26, 17 and 3 January 2006, 23 June, 25 and 5 March and 9 February 2004)
"We urge the Polish courts not to apply this article because, if they do, it could paralyse public debate in Poland," RSF added.