World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 

Decent Work For All Should Be Centre Of Policy


Creating decent work for all should be at the centre of policymaking - UN report

Governments should make the promotion of employment and decent work the cornerstone of their economic and social policies, according to a report launched today at United Nations Headquarters in New York.

"Employment and decent work need to be not a by-product but a central objective of development strategies," said Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Sha Zukang at a press briefing to mark the launch of Report of the World Social Situation 2007: The Employment Imperative.

"We see a number of worrisome trends," Mr. Sha said. "Globally, despite robust rates of economic growth, employment creation is lagging behind growth of the working-age population. From 1996 to 2006, global output expanded by 3.8 per cent per year, yet unemployment rates increased from 6 to 6.3 per cent. Economic growth and job growth are not trending together, to the detriment of our societies and citizens."

Meanwhile, employment conditions are getting worse, he said. "There is a greater economic insecurity for most workers and greater levels of most forms of inequality in society. Workers with low education and low skills have been hit particularly hard," and "macroeconomic and social policies have not been successful in lowering unemployment rates to desirable levels."

Johan Schölvinck, Director of the Division for Social Policy and Development, said "the report finds employment increasingly dominated by the service sector, with a global trend towards informal and casual forms of employment.

"Economic liberalization has not necessarily stimulated economic growth, as policy-makers had hoped for," he added. "Rather, volatility in macroeconomic performance and employment has increased as a result of economic reforms, especially those relating to international trade and financial liberalization."

At the same time, emphasis on fiscal prudence led to general reductions in public expenditures aimed a promoting growth and employment, further exacerbating job insecurity.

Income distribution has shifted towards capital at the expense of labour, Mr. Schölvinck noted, creating wage differentials that contributed to raising inequality. Thus "redistributive policies should be implemented to expand access to productive assets and employment opportunities."

With public health care on the retreat and pensions and social benefits under pressure, "a consensus is emerging that the state should take the responsibility to establish a universal minimal level of social protection."

ENDS

More: Latest World News | Top World News | World Digest | Archives

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Swing States: Gordon Campbell On Why The US Needs MMP

After the bizarre events this week in Helsinki, the world will be hoping and praying that the US midterm elections in November can put a restraining brake on the presidency of Donald Trump. This may happen, but there’s a highly undemocratic reason why such hopes may be frustrated. More>>

ALSO:

putin, trump scalpGordon Campbell: On The White House Romance With Russia

Tough on Europe over trade, at the G-7. Tough on Europe over defence, at NATO. And utterly smitten as usual by Vladimir Putin at the Helsinki summit. More>>

ALSO:


Gordon Campbell: On This Week’s NATO Debacle

For someone routinely cast as a clown presiding over an administration in chaos, Donald Trump has been very consistent about his agenda, and remarkably successful in achieving it, in the short term at least. More>>

ALSO:

NZ Law Society: Rule Of Law Threatened In Nauru

“The recently enacted Administration of Justice Act 2018 is another clear sign of the deterioration of civil rights in Nauru,” the Law Society’s Rule of Law Committee convenor Austin Forbes QC says. More>>

ALSO:

'Fixing' Family Separation: Executive Order Imprisons Families Indefinitely

Amnesty: President Trump signed an executive order today mandating for children to stay with their parents in detention while their asylum claims are processed. More>>

ALSO: