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G8 Hokkaido: Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy PDF

Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Science Department
Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Hokkaido Toyako Summit -Peaceful Uses of Nuclear Energy and the "3S"- July 2008

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International situation surrounding nuclear energy

* Uses of nuclear power generation

* Ensuring the "3S"

-- The task is to strengthen measures for ensuring 3S against the background of possible increase in the uses of nuclear power generation

Increase in the number of countries interested in introduction/expansion of nuclear power generation

* Countermeasure against climate change (CO2 emissions of nuclear power generation are 1/34 those of oilfired generation)

* Energy security (expanding demand, rising crude oil prices)

The 3S to be ensured in the uses of nuclear power generation

* Safeguards (against proliferation)

* Safety (of nuclear energy)

* Security (against nuclear terrorism)

(Note) As climate change and the rapidly expanding demand for energy become significant problems, there is a growing interest in nuclear energy, which is nonfossil fuel energy, does not emit CO2 in the process of combustion of energy for electricity generation, and produces low levels of CO2 emissions over its lifecycle as a whole. Amidst this trend, an increasing number of countries are considering introduction or expansion of nuclear power plants.

***

Countries and regions proposing to newly introduce nuclearpower generation

Poland
Turkey
Egypt
Belarus
Georgia
Israel
Iran
Yemen
Kazakhstan
GCC Countries
Libya
Jordan Vietnam
Thailand
Malaysia
Indonesia
Morocco
Chile
Australia (?)
Myanmar (?)
Philippines
Bangladesh
Algeria
Venezuela
UAE

As of May 22, 2008

Albania
Ghana
Nigeria
Italy

***

Countries and regions proposing to expand nuclear power generation

UK
Ukraine
Switzerland
Spain
Sweden
Czech
Germany
Netherlands
Belgium
France
Slovenia
Hungary
Romania
Slovakia
Lithuania
South Africa
Russia
Canada
Japan
Korea
China
Argentina
Brazil
Pakistan
India
Taiwan
Mexico
Armenia
US

As of May 23, 2008

Bulgaria
Finland


***

Outcomes to be achieved at the Hokkaido Toyako Summit

* To set out the importance of ensuring the 3S in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy .

* To affirm the benefits of international cooperation in this field, while recognizing that the responsibilities of ensuring the 3S rest with countries interested in nuclear energy.

* To confirm that the G8 should play an active role in the promotion of international cooperation in this field.

* To raise awareness of the importance of the 3S worldwide and promote assistance aimed at developing 3S and relevant infrastructure through international cooperation.

***

Japan's assistance performance

1. Non-proliferation/safeguards

Japan has hosted the Seminar on the IAEA Additional Protocol in Vietnam (August 2007) as well as Asian Senior-level Talks on Non-Proliferation (ASTOP), in addition, Japan participated in events such as IAEA Technical Meetings on Additional Protocol in the Asia-Pacific region.

3. Nuclear security

In addition to carrying out technical cooperation and provision of equipment to Kazakhstan, Japan has hosted the Seminar on Strengthening Nuclear Security in Asian countries. Japan has also emphasized the importance of nuclear security at such fora as the Seminar on the Promotion of Accession to the International Counter-Terrorism Conventions and Protocols and others.

*** VIEW IN ORIGINAL PDF FORMAT

ENDS

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