Pakistan deadliest nation for the media in 2010
20 December 2010
Pakistan deadliest nation for the media; 42 journalists killed worldwide in 2010
SOURCE: Committee to Protect Journalists
(CPJ/IFEX) - New York, December 15, 2010 - As suicide attacks multiplied, Pakistan became the world's deadliest country for the press in 2010 with at least eight journalists killed in connection to their work, constituting a significant portion of the worldwide death toll of 42, the Committee to Protect Journalists found in its year-end analysis.
Iraq with four killings, followed by Honduras and Mexico with three killings each, also ranked high for journalism-related fatalities, CPJ's analysis found. The worldwide toll reflects a notable drop from 2009, when a massacre in the Philippines drove the number of work-related deaths to a record 72. CPJ is investigating the deaths of another 28 journalists who died in unclear circumstances in 2010.
"The Philippine massacre and the conflict in Iraq pushed the number of journalists killed in recent years to record levels," said CPJ Executive Director Joel Simon. "The killing of 42 journalists in 2010, while a decline over previous years, is still unacceptably high and reflective of the pervasive violence journalists confront around the world. From Afghanistan to Mexico, Thailand to Russia, the failure of governments to investigate crimes against the press contributes to a climate of impunity that ultimately fuels further violence."
Murder was the leading cause of work-related deaths in 2010, as it has been in past years. But deaths in combat-related crossfire and in dangerous assignments such as street protests constituted about 40 percent of the 2010 toll, a larger portion than usual. Suicide bombings and crossfire in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Thailand, and Somalia accounted for the unusually high proportion.
Worldwide, nearly 90 percent of the victims were local reporters covering issues that affected their communities. Internet-based journalists constituted an increasing portion of the death toll with at least six killed in 2010. Among all 2010 victims, the most common beats were politics, corruption, culture, and war.
CPJ research shows that about 90 percent of journalist murders go unsolved despite the fact that many victims - 60 percent in 2010 - reported receiving threats in the weeks before they were killed.
CPJ has compiled detailed records on journalist fatalities since 1992. CPJ staff members independently investigate and verify the circumstances behind each death. CPJ considers a case work-related only when reasonably certain that a journalist was killed in direct reprisal for his or her work; in crossfire; or while carrying out a dangerous assignment. Cases involving unclear motives, but with a potential link to journalism, are classified as "unconfirmed" and CPJ continues to investigate.