World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


Joint Aids-Tuberculosis Treatment to Save More Lives

UN Updates Guidelines on Joint Aids-Tuberculosis Treatment to Save More Lives

New York, Mar 2 2012 4:10PM
An estimated 910, 000 lives were saved globally in six years due to guidelines intended to ensure that people living with HIV/AIDS are protected from tuberculosis, the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO) said today, releasing an updated policy on joint prevention, diagnosis and treatment of both diseases.

TB is a leading cause of death among people living with HIV/AIDS, which weakens the immune system, making those infected much more susceptible to tuberculosis infection.

Since WHO proposed the initial guidance on collaboration between TB and HIV activities in 2004, the number of people living with HIV screened for TB increased from nearly 200,000 in 2005 to over 2.3 million people in 2010.

Testing for HIV among TB patients surged from 470,000 to over 2.2 million between 2005 and 2010.

“This [new] framework is the international standard for the prevention, care and treatment of TB and HIV patients to reduce deaths; and we have strong evidence that it works,” <"http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2012/tb_hiv_guide_20120302/en/index.html">said Mario Raviglione, the WHO Director of the Stop TB Department. “Now is the time to build on these actions and break the chain that links TB and HIV with death for so many people.”

“We must address TB as we manage HIV,” said Gottfried Hirnschall, Director of WHO’s HIV/AIDS Department.

“We have shown over the last five years what can be done. To continue the progress and save more lives, comprehensive HIV services must include the Three I’s for HIV/TB strategy – isoniazid preventive therapy, intensified screening and infection control for TB – and it should also include earlier treatment for HIV for those that are eligible.”

The main elements of the new policy include:

  • routine HIV testing for TB patients, people with symptoms of TB, and their partners or family members;

  • provision of co-trimoxazole, a cost-effective medicine to prevent against lung or other infections for all TB patients who are infected with HIV;

  • starting all TB patients with HIV on antiretroviral therapy (ART) as soon as possible (and within the first 2 weeks of starting anti-TB treatment) regardless of immune system measurements;

  • and evidence-based methods to prevent the acquisition of HIV for TB patients, their families and communities.

    WHO recommends that those services be provided in an integrated manner, at the same time and place.

    More than 100 countries are now testing more than half of their TB patients for HIV. Progress has been especially noteworthy in Africa where the number of countries testing more than half their TB patients for HIV rose from five in 2005 to 31 in 2010.

    However, the number of patients co-infected with TB and HIV who are on ART rose gradually from 36 per cent to 46 per cent over the five-year period.
    Mar 2 2012 4:10PM
    ________________

    © Scoop Media

  •  
     
     
     
     
    World Headlines

     

    Amnesty: Campaign Mass Hangings And Extermination At Syrian Prison

    A chilling new report by Amnesty International exposes the Syrian government’s calculated campaign of extrajudicial executions by mass hangings at Saydnaya Prison. Between 2011 and 2015, every week and often twice a week, groups of up to 50 people ... More>>

    Russian Hack Job?: White House - Actions In Response To Russian Malicious Cyber Activity & Harassment

    President Obama authorized a number of actions in response to the Russian government’s aggressive harassment of U.S. officials and cyber operations aimed at the U.S. election in 2016. More>>


    Israel/Palestine: Michael Field - Background To How Israel Nearly Went To War With New Zealand

    New Zealand and Senegal managed to get the United Nations Security Council to pass resolution 2334 which said Israel’s settlements in Palestinian territory violate international law and undermine a two-state solution in Israel's conflict with Palestine. More>>

    ALSO:

    US Indigenous Affairs: How President Obama Has Protected Our Sacred Land

    I am very proud to be both Navajo and American. As the President of the Navajo Nation, I’ve dedicated my life to ensuring that, as a Navajo, my story -- and our stories -- are part of our collective American history. Today, I want to share one of those stories with you. More>>


    Binoy Kampmark: The Berlin Truck Attack And The Refugee Question

    The hard-nosed neo-cons were certainly showing little interest in linking arguments, examining evidence, or even considering elementary logic in the aftermath of the Berlin truck attack near the Gedächtniskirche. With the bodies fresh in the morgue, former US ambassador to the United Nations, John Bolton, peered into the mind of the everyday German, and found teeth chattering fear. More>>

    Demonetisation: Gordon Campbell On India’s Huge Socio-Economic Experiment

    Without much coverage at all in the West, India has just been engaged for the past few weeks in one of the world’s biggest socio-economic experiments since the Cultural Revolution in China. More>>

    Gordon Campbell: On The Death Of Fidel Castro

    New Zealand likes to think we played our part – via the 1981 Springbok tour – in bringing the apartheid regime in South Africa to an end… Jacob Zuma treated the death of Fidel Castro at the weekend as an occasion to pay a heartfelt tribute to the thousands of Cuban soldiers who travelled across the world to inflict the first significant military defeat on the forces of white supremacy. More>>

    ALSO:

    Get More From Scoop

     
     
     
     
    World
    Search Scoop  
     
     
    Powered by Vodafone
    NZ independent news