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UN Special Rapporteur urges Italy put human rights at core


Versione italiana in fondo alla pagina
Italian version, see below

UN Special Rapporteur urges Italy to put human rights at the core of its border management policy

ROME (8 October 2012) – At the end of his nine-day mission to Italy, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, François Crépeau, urged the Italian authorities to prioritise a human rights approach when dealing with irregular migration, and not to let security concerns overshadow human rights considerations.

The UN Expert made six key recommendations* today to the Government of Italy on the management of the European Union’s external borders, ranging from bilateral agreements with Libya and other neighbours, to full access by international organisations to migrants, and fairer appeal systems to challenge expulsion and holding orders.

To that end, Mr. Crépeau made the following preliminary recommendations:

Bilateral agreements:
“Ensure that migration cooperation with Libya does not lead to any migrant being returned to Libyan shores against their will, either by Italian authorities, or by Libyan authorities with the technical or logistical support of their Italian counterparts.”

“Although the EU has negotiated a number of EU wide readmission agreements, the absence of a clear regional framework for such agreements, including a lack of minimum human rights standards, has led to the creation of a number of bilateral readmission agreements between Italy and its neighbours which often do not appear to have human rights at their core.”

‘Push-backs’
“In light of the decision of M.S.S. v Greece, in which the European Court of Human Rights held that Greece was not a safe country of return for asylum seekers, and given the testimony I heard from migrants who transited through Greece regarding extreme xenophobic violence against migrants, Italy should formally prohibit the practice of informal automatic ‘push-backs’ to Greece.”

Full access by international organisations
“Guarantee the full access by international organisations, including UNHCR and IOM, civil society organisations and lawyers to all areas where migrants are held or detained.”

“There is no general authority with investigative powers to monitor the activities of all migrant detention call places where migrants are held. I note the Praesidium Project is a positive step, as it provides a framework for access to some centres for a coalition of organisations including the IOM, UNHCR, the Red Cross and Save the Children. Yet, these organisations are still not given full and continuous access to all centers, most notably the temporary centers where the Tunisians and Egyptians are held for quick processing and removal.”

Regulatory framework with human rights at its core
“Develop a nation-wide regulatory framework, with respect for human rights at its core, for the organisation and management of all migrant detention centres.”

Appeal system
“Develop a simpler and fairer appeal system for expulsion and detention orders that integrates human rights considerations at each procedural step.”

Identification system
“Develop a speedier identification system, including commencing the identification of foreign inmates whilst in prison, in order to make sure that detention of migrants for identification is limited to the shortest time possible, with a maximum of 6 months.

During his mission, UN Human Rights Council’s envoy visited Rome, Florence, Palermo, Trapani, Bari and Castel Volturno, where he met with Government representatives, civil society and international organisations, as well as many migrants themselves, often in an irregular situation. The Special Rapporteur also visited three Centers of Identification and Expulsioni (CIE) in Trapani (Milo), Bari (Palese) and Rome (Ponte Galeria).

Mr. Crépeau’s visit to Italy was the fourth stage in his yearlong study on the management of the EU external borders. Earlier this year, he visited Brussels, Vienna, Tunisia and Turkey. He will also visit Greece in November.

The study, launched by the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants, will result in a special thematic report which will be presented to the UN Human Rights Council in June 2013.

(*) Check the full end-of-mission statement by the Special Rapporteur: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=12640&LangID=E

ENDS

François Crépeau (Canada) was appointed Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants in June 2011 by the UN Human Rights Council, for an initial period of three years. As Special Rapporteur, he is independent from any government or organization and serves in his individual capacity. Mr. Crépeau is also Full Professor at the Faculty of Law of McGill University, in Montréal, where he holds the Hans and Tamar Oppenheimer Chair in Public International Law and is scientific director of the Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Learn more, log on to: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/migration/rapporteur/index.htm

Read the International Convention for the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cmw.htm

UN Human Rights, Country Page – Italy: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Countries/ENACARegion/Pages/ITIndex.aspx


UN Human Rights, follow us on social media:
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/unitednationshumanrights Twitter: http://twitter.com/UNrightswire
Google+ gplus.to/unitednationshumanrights YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/UNOHCHR

Check the Universal Human Rights Index: http://uhri.ohchr.org/en

_______________________________

COMUNICATO STAMPA


Il Relatore speciale dell’ONU esorta l’Italia a promuovere una politica di gestione delle frontiere basata sui diritti umani


ROMA (8 ottobre 2012) – Al termine della sua missione di nove giorni in Italia il Relatore speciale delle Nazioni Unite sui diritti umani dei migranti, François Crépeau, ha esortato le autorità italiane a privilegiare un approccio basato sui diritti umani nel trattamento dei migranti irregolari e a garantire che le esigenze in materia di sicurezza non mettano in secondo piano il rispetto dei diritti.

L’Esperto ha trasmesso oggi sei raccomandazioni chiave* al Governo italiano sulla gestione delle frontiere esterne dell’Unione europea. Tali raccomandazioni riguardano, tra le altre cose, gli accordi bilaterali con la Libia e altri paesi vicini, il pieno accesso da parte delle organizzazioni internazionali ai migranti e vie di ricorso piu eque per quanto attiene ai provvedimenti di espulsione e di trattenimento.

A tal fine, il Prof. Crépeau ha trasmesso le seguenti raccomandazioni preliminari:

Accordi bilaterali:
“Garantire che la cooperazione in materia di immigrazione con la Libia non consenta il rimpatrio di nessun migrante verso le coste libiche contro la sua volonta, sia da parte delle autorità italiane che da parte di quelle libiche con il sostegno tecnico o logistico delle controparti italiane”.

“Sebbene l’UE abbia negoziato una serie di accordi di riammissione a livello europeo, l’assenza di un chiaro quadro regionale per tali accordi, inclusa la mancanza di norme minime sui diritti umani, ha comportato la stipula di diversi accordi bilaterali di riammissione tra l’Italia e i paesi vicini che, non sempre, danno preminenza al rispetto dei diritti umani”.

‘Respingimenti’
“Nella sentenza M.S.S. c. Grecia, la Corte europea dei Diritti umani ha stabilito che la Grecia non è un paese sicuro ai fini del rimpatrio dei richiedenti asilo; alla luce di questa sentenza e delle stesse testimonianze raccolte dai migranti che hanno attraversato la Grecia e che mi hanno informato in merito agli episodi di estrema violenza xenofoba nei loro confronti, auspico che l’Italia vieti formalmente la pratica dei ‘respingimenti’ automatici informali verso la Grecia.”


Pieno accesso delle organizzazioni internazionali
“Garantire il pieno accesso delle organizzazioni internazionali, inclusi l’Alto Commissariato delle Nazioni Unite per i Rifugiati (UNHCR) e l’OIM, le organizzazioni della societa civile e gli avvocati, a tutte le strutture in cui i migranti sono trattenuti o detenuti.”

“Non vi è un’autorità preposta con poteri d’indagine che abbia il compito di monitorare le attivita di tutti le strutture di detenzione in cui sono trattenuti i migranti. Prendo atto del Progetto Praesidium quale misura positiva che fornisce un quadro per l’accesso ad alcuni centri da parte di una colazione di organizzazioni incluse l’OIM, l’UNHCR, la Croce rossa e Save the Children; tuttavia, a queste organizzazioni non è ancora consentito un accesso pieno e costante a tutti i centri, soprattutto ai centri temporanei in cui sono trattenuti i cittadini tunisini ed egiziani per i quali è prevista una procedura accelerata per il loro allontamento. ”

Quadro normativo incentrato sui diritti umani
“Mettere a punto un quadro normativo di respiro nazionale, incentrato sui diritti umani, per l’organizzazione e la gestione di tutti i centri di trattenimento dei migranti.”

Vie di ricorso
“Approntare una procedura d’appello piu semplice ed equa per i provvedimenti di espulsione e trattenimento che tuteli i diritti umani in ogni sua fase.”

Procedura di identificazione
“Sviluppare un piu rapido meccanismo di identificazione che preveda, tra l’altro, l’avvio delle procedure di identificazione dei cittadini stranieri detenuti in carcere ancor prima del loro rilascio, cosi da garantire che il trattenimento di questi migranti nei CIE sia il piu breve possibile, con un termine massimo di 6 mesi.”

Nel corso della sua missione, l’Inviato dei Consiglio dei Diritti umani dell’ONU si e recato a Roma, Firenze, Palermo, Trapani, Bari e Castel Volturno, dove ha incontrato i rappresentanti del Governo, la societa civile e le organizzazioni internazionali nonche molti migranti, spesso irregolari. Il Relatore speciale ha inoltre visitato tre Centri di Identificazione ed Espulsione (CIE) a Trapani (Milo), Bari (Palese) e Roma (Ponte Galeria).

La missione di François Crépeau in Italia è la quarta tappa di uno studio di un anno sulla gestione delle frontiere esterne dell’Unione europea. All’inizio di quest’anno, il Relatore speciale si è recato a Bruxelles, a Vienna, in Tunisia e in Turchia, e visiterà la Grecia nel mese di Novembre.

Lo studio, promosso dal Relatore speciale delle Nazioni Unite sui diritti umani dei migranti, si concluderà con uno speciale rapporto tematico che sarà presentato al Consiglio dei Diritti umani dell’ONU a giugno 2013.

(*) Leggete il discorso dell’Esperto: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=12640&LangID=E

--

François Crépeau (Canada) was appointed Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants in June 2011 by the UN Human Rights Council, for an initial period of three years. As Special Rapporteur, he is independent from any government or organization and serves in his individual capacity. Mr. Crépeau is also Full Professor at the Faculty of Law of McGill University, in Montréal, where he holds the Hans and Tamar Oppenheimer Chair in Public International Law and is scientific director of the Centre for Human Rights and Legal Pluralism. Learn more, log on to: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/issues/migration/rapporteur/index.htm

Read the International Convention for the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/law/cmw.htm

UN Human Rights, Country Page – Italy: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Countries/ENACARegion/Pages/ITIndex.aspx

For more information and media requests, please contact: Jacqui Zalcberg (+41 79 752 0483 / jzalcberg@ohchr.org) or write to migrant@ohchr.org

UN Human Rights, follow us on social media:
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/unitednationshumanrights Twitter: http://twitter.com/UNrightswire
Google+ gplus.to/unitednationshumanrights YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/UNOHCHR

Check the Universal Human Rights Index: http://uhri.ohchr.org/en

ENDS

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