World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


Pakistan: Universal Children's Day— A Campaign Is Launched

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
AHRC-FST-053-2012
November 21, 2012

A Statement from Society for the Protection of the Rights of Child (SPARC) forwarded by the Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)

Pakistan: Universal Children's Day— A Campaign Is Launched For The Ratification Of Optional Protocol To The Un Convention On Child Rights

The Society for the Protection of the Rights of Child (SPARC), on the occasion of Universal Children's Day, urges for the "Implementation of UNCRC and ratification of Optional protocol on involvement of children in armed conflict." The SPARK has also started a campaign of activities for the implementation of optional protocol along with other civil society organizations, Child Rights Clubs, and Child Rights Movement in Sindh province.

The Optional Protocol to the UN CRC was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly resolution in 2000 and entered into force in 2002. Currently 150 countries have ratified the said Optional Protocol. The need for this Optional Protocol was felt and discussed as article 38 of the UN CRC was not consistent with the protection of children as it mentioned the age of 15 years old not to take part in direct hostilities and not to recruit under 15 years old into armed forces. It has stressed that in the light of definition of a child and in the best interest of the child, that no child under the age of 18 should be allowed to be involved in hostilities, either directly or indirectly and that no child under the age of 18 should be recruited in to armed forces was the conclusion of participants on consultation on implementation UN CRC and optional protocols.

Once states sign or ratify international conventions state parties are bound to make their domestic laws in conformity with international obligations. Furthermore, states are accountable for respecting, protecting and fulfilling those rights even those rights are violated by Non-State Actors.
National and international advocacy can play important role in pressuring countries to implement to become governments to become part of international system while Pakistan wants to become member of Human Rights Council then ratified all core conventions but when it comes to implementation governments are only making pledges and conferences.

Civil society has played its role in monitoring and disseminating information regarding UN CRC. State that ratifies the Optional Protocol must raises "in years" the minimum age of voluntary recruitment, set at 15 in the convention. Also State must take all feasible measures to prevent recruitment and use in hostilities of children under 18 by the armed groups. The State will take legal measures to prohibit and criminalize such practices. After taking all such measures if any person who may have been recovered or released from any such group State will be responsible for taking serious measures to provide assistance, if required, for the physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration of such persons.

This was the case, as what we have seen in the past when young boys were recovered from militants camps where they were to be trained as suicide bombers. Every child has the right to protection from all forms of abuse and exploitation. The rehabilitation and reintegration of children used as child soldiers is also the right of such children. Pakistan however, has failed to protect the rights of these children and despite the fact that it has signed the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict way back in October 2001 it has failed to ratify it yet. Regrettably, Pakistan, despite being among the first 20 countries to sign and ratify the UN CRC has failed to ratify the Optional Protocols to the Convention on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (ratified by 150 countries).

In case where Pakistan ratify the Optional Protocol on Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Pakistan will have to submit an initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child within two years detailing the steps which Pakistan has taken to ensure that no child under the age of 18 will be involved directly in any kind of hostilities. The age of voluntary recruitment must be raised from 15 years to 18 years and there should be no under 18 compulsory recruitment in to its armed forces.

UN General Assembly has adopted a new Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) establishing a complaints procedure for violations of children's rights. The new treaty will enable children, or their representatives, claiming that their rights have been violated to bring a complaint to an international committee of children's rights experts if they have not been able to get remedies for these violations in their countries.

Issued by Abdullah Langah Provincial Manager Child Rights (SPARC)

# # #

About AHRC: The Asian Human Rights Commission is a regional non-governmental organisation that monitors human rights in Asia, documents violations and advocates for justice and institutional reform to ensure the protection and promotion of these rights. The Hong Kong-based group was founded in 1984.

Visit our new website with more features at www.humanrights.asia.

You can make a difference. Please support our work and make a donation here.

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Ban Condemns Killing Of Former Lesotho Military Commander

United Nations Secretary-General today condemned the killing of Lt. Gen. Maaparankoe Mahao, former Commander of the Lesotho Defence Force, on 25 June, near Maseru. More>>

Ban Welcomes US Supreme Court Ruling On Same-Sex Marriage

Ban welcomes US Supreme Court ruling guaranteeing right to same-sex marriage Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender and Intersex (LGBTI) pride march. Photo: OHCHR/Joseph Smida More>>

UN Agency Welcomes EU Measures On Refugee Arrivals

Afghan refugees in front of the abandoned hotel Captain Elias on Kos Island, Greece, where hundreds of refugees and migrants are waiting for their registration. Photo: UNHCR/J. Akkash More>>

Increase In Voluntary Blood Donors Can Save Millions Of Lives

Increase in voluntary blood donors can save millions of lives, UN health agency says on World Day More>>

Kenya: Funding Shortage Means Food Cut To 500,000 Refugees

Funding shortage forces UN agency to temporarily cut food aid to 500,000 refugees in Kenya More>>

UN Launches Education Appeal In Fight Against Child Labour

12 June 2015 – The United Nations has announced it is marking the 2015 edition of the World Day Against Child Labour with a call for the international community to invest in quality education as a key step in the fight against child employment ... More>>

Pope Francis & UN Agency On Sustainability Of Agriculture

Pope Francis (centre) with delegates to the 39th FAO Conference during a special audience at the Vatican. Photo: FAO More>>

South Sudan: Call For De-Escalation Of In-Country Conflict

Women and children have suffered devastating attacks in South Sudan’s Unity State. Photo: UNICEF/South Sudan/Sebastian Rich More>>

Burundi: Emergency Support To Refugees Fleeing Burundi Crisis

Burundians fleeing pre-election violence rest on the shores of Lake Tanganyika in the Democratic Republic of Congo after a gruelling 22-hour boat journey. More than 100,000 Burundians have fled over the past month, arriving in Tanzania, Rwanda and ... More>>

Afghanistan: Commitment To Advancing Women's Rights

While the outgoing senior United Nations rights official in Afghanistan said she expected the human rights advances made “will be sustained, will not be rolled back, and will not be sacrificed,” she lamented the high level of violence against ... More>>

Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
 
World
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news