World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


China's Patent Office Now The World's Biggest, UN Report


China's Patent Office Now The World's Biggest, UN Innovation Report Finds

New York, Dec 11 2012 7:10PM China registered the most patent applications globally last year, leading the world in an indicator that the United Nations intellectual property (IP) agency uses to measure innovation.

China received 526,412 applications compared to 503,582 for the United States and 342,610 for Japan, according to the latest report from the Geneva-based World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).

The report, World Intellectual Property Indicators 2012, also said that global patent filings passed the two-million mark for the first time - despite the sluggish global economy.

"Sustained growth in IP filings indicates that companies continue to innovate despite weak economic conditions," said WIPO's Director General, Francis Gurry. "This is good news, as it lays the foundation for the world economy to generate growth and prosperity in the future."

As part of its mandate to encourage IP in order to stimulate creativity, WIPO monitors global registration of patents, copyright, trademarks, designs and utility models (UMs) - the latter being instruments that protect inventions for a limited period of time.

Ahead of 2011, China had already been the world's largest processor of UMs, WIPO reported.

In the report, the UN agency notes that China's State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO) became the "largest patent office in the world" after overtaking the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in 2011 and the Japan Patent Office (JPO) in 2010.

Only Germany, Japan and the United States had held the top spot during the 100 years before 2011, with China accounting for 72 per cent of the almost 294,000 increase in patent filings worldwide between 2009 and 2011

"Even though caution is required in directly comparing IP filing figures across countries, these trends nevertheless reflect how the geography of innovation has shifted," Mr. Gurry said in the WIPO report's foreword.

According to the report, patent filings worldwide grew by 7.8 per cent in 2011, exceeding seven per cent growth for the second year in a row, after a 3.6 per cent decline in 2009 in the wake of the global financial crisis.

Similarly, UM, industrial design and trademark filings increased by 35 per cent, 16 per cent and 13.3 per cent, respectively, said the agency.

Worldwide, patents for digital communication and renewable energy technologies represented the highest filing increases from 2006 to 2010, the report showed. WIPO also said that computer technology patents accounted for the largest overall number, while filings for pharmaceuticals have declined since 2007.

"Residents of Japan filed the largest number of applications relating to solar energy and fuel cell technologies, while residents of Germany and the US accounted for the largest numbers of applications relating to geothermal and wind energy, respectively," WIPO said.

In contrast to growth in patent filings in most of the top 20 countries, WIPO highlighted that results for middle- and low-income countries were mixed. Illustrating this, WIPO cited growth in the offices of Algeria (11.3%), Madagascar (41.9%) and Saudi Arabia (6.3%), and declines in Guatemala (-13.1%), Jamaica (-27.6%) and Jordan (-15.6%).

The report said that a record 4.2 million trademark applications were filed worldwide in 2011, largely due to "rapid growth in filings in China" in recent years.

Industrial design applications worldwide also grew strongly over the last two years, increasing by 16 per cent in 2011 after a 13.9 per cent increase in 2010, the report said, adding that growth in China was again the key driver.

World Intellectual Property Indicators 2012 also highlighted applications for the protection of new varieties of plants, saying they grew by 7.8 per cent in 2011, with some 60 per cent of the applications occurring in Israel and the European Union.

Dec 11 2012 7:10PM ________________

For more details go to UN News Centre at http://www.un.org/news

Follow us on Facebook (http://www.facebook.com/UN.News.Centre) and Twitter (http://twitter.com/UN_News_Centre)

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Westminster: NZ PM Condemns London Attack

“London is a place many thousands of New Zealanders have visited and called home, and where many more have friends and family based, so this attack feels very close to home,” Mr English says. More>>

ALSO:

Amnesty: Campaign Mass Hangings And Extermination At Syrian Prison

A chilling new report by Amnesty International exposes the Syrian government’s calculated campaign of extrajudicial executions by mass hangings at Saydnaya Prison. Between 2011 and 2015, every week and often twice a week, groups of up to 50 people ... More>>

Russian Hack Job?: White House - Actions In Response To Russian Malicious Cyber Activity & Harassment

President Obama authorized a number of actions in response to the Russian government’s aggressive harassment of U.S. officials and cyber operations aimed at the U.S. election in 2016. More>>

Israel/Palestine: Michael Field - Background To How Israel Nearly Went To War With New Zealand

New Zealand and Senegal managed to get the United Nations Security Council to pass resolution 2334 which said Israel’s settlements in Palestinian territory violate international law and undermine a two-state solution in Israel's conflict with Palestine. More>>

ALSO:

US Indigenous Affairs: How President Obama Has Protected Our Sacred Land

I am very proud to be both Navajo and American. As the President of the Navajo Nation, I’ve dedicated my life to ensuring that, as a Navajo, my story -- and our stories -- are part of our collective American history. Today, I want to share one of those stories with you. More>>

Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
World
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news