The Israeli Diplomats In Wellington Will Be First To Vote
The Israeli Diplomats In
Wellington Will Be The First To Vote
While the upcoming national elections in Israel will be held on Tuesday, 22 January 2013, Israeli diplomats and citizens serving abroad on official business will vote twelve days earlier than Election Day in the 96 Israeli embassies and consulates around the world.
The polling station at the Embassy of Israel in Wellington will be the first in the world to open its doors.
Voting is a right granted to every Israeli citizen who has reached the age of 18 or older on Election Day. Israelis of all ethnic groups and religious beliefs, including Arab-Israelis, actively participate in the process. The number of eligible voters living in Israel is 5.1 million.
Israel is a 'Parliamentary Democracy'. These elections will determine the composition of the 19th "Knesset" (the Israeli parliament). The Prime Minister will be chosen from among the members of the newly-elected Knesset.
The Knesset elections are based on a vote for a party rather than for individuals and the 34 parties that will compete for election to the 19th "Knesset" reflect a wide range of different outlooks and beliefs.
According to the "Basic Law: The Knesset": "The Knesset shall be elected by general, national, direct, equal, secret and proportional elections". This means that:
- General - Every Israeli citizen eligible to vote.
- National - The entire country constitutes a single electoral constituency.
- Direct - The Knesset is elected directly by the voters, not through a body of electors. On Election Day, voters cast one ballot for a single political party to represent them in the Knesset.
- Equal - All votes cast are equal in weight.
- Secret - Elections are by secret ballot.
- Proportional - The 120 Knesset seats are assigned in proportion to each party's percentage of the total national vote. However, the minimum required threshold for a party to be represented in the Knesset is 2% of the total votes cast.