World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


10th Anniversary: President's Plan For Emergency AIDS Relief

Recognizing the 10th Anniversary of the U.S. President's Plan For Emergency Aids Relief (PEPFAR)

Fact Sheet

Office of the Spokesperson

Washington, DC

June 18, 2013

Today, Secretary Kerry marked the 10th Anniversary of the creation of the historic U.S. President’s Plan for Emergency AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) by announcing that the millionth baby will be born HIV-free this month due to PEPFAR-supported prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs. The Secretary also announced that a new PEPFAR analysis shows that there are 13 countries that have reached the programmatic “tipping point” in their AIDS epidemic.

 PEPFAR Background

Through PEPFAR, as of September 30, 2012, the U.S. directly supported more than 5.1 million people on antiretroviral treatment (ART). This number is up from 1.7 million in 2008 – a three-fold increase in only four years.

In FY 2012, PEPFAR programs supported antiretroviral drugs (ARV) to prevent mother-to-child transmission for more than 750,000 pregnant women living with HIV. Thanks to this effort, an estimated 230,000 infant HIV infections were averted in 2012 alone. PEPFAR also supported HIV testing and counseling for more than 46.5 million people in 2012.

 One Million Babies Born HIV-Free

This month, the one-millionth baby will be born HIV-free because of PEPFAR support – something unimaginable ten years ago when the program began. Antiretroviral drugs can prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The earliest PMTCT regimen decreased the likelihood that a mother would transmit HIV to her baby from 35 percent (with no PMTCT intervention) to 24 percent. Today, we have far more efficacious regimens and we have learned how to implement them more effectively. For example, under Option B+, the same combination of ARV medications used to treat adults living with HIV will be offered to all HIV positive pregnant women for life, reducing the likelihood that a mother will transmit HIV to her infant to less than five percent. In addition, Option B+ has the distinct advantages of maintaining the mother’s health, providing lifelong reduction of HIV transmission to uninfected sexual partners, and preventing mother-to-child transmission in future pregnancies.

Successful implementation of this approach across countries with high HIV burdens can help achieve the commitment made by President Obama on World AIDS Day in 2011 for the United States to support six million people on ART and provide antiretroviral drugs for 1.5 million pregnant women living with HIV by the end of 2013.

13 Countries Have Reached the Programmatic Tipping Point in Their Epidemic

One way of measuring progress toward the goal of an AIDS-free generation is to compare the number of annual new adult HIV infections with the annual increase in adults on treatment. By reducing infectivity through effective treatment and rapidly increasing coverage of ART, it is possible to bring the number of annual new adult HIV infections below the annual increase in adults on ART – thereby achieving the programmatic “tipping point.”

When the Obama Administration released the PEPFAR Blueprint for Creating an AIDS-Free Generation last World AIDS Day, seven countries were at this programmatic tipping point. According to a new PEPFAR analysis, 13 countries are actually at this tipping point.

This remarkable progress is thanks to the combined and coordinated efforts of all partners involved in the fight against global AIDS. Through PEPFAR, we are firmly committed to help countries in moving toward and beyond this tipping point. But we cannot do it alone. This is a shared responsibility.

PEPFAR Key Populations Challenge Grants

At the International AIDS Conference last July, Secretary Clinton announced the creation of a $20 million Key Populations Challenge Fund (KPCF) to support country-led plans to expand high-impact comprehensive package of HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for key populations, which include men who have sex with men (MSM), people who inject drugs (PWID), and sex workers (SW). HIV disproportionately impacts key populations. For example, some studies have shown that MSM were 19 times more likely to be living with HIV than people in the general population; and that SW were 13.5 times more likely to be living with HIV when compared to other females of reproductive age in the general population. Globally, among PWID, 16 million individuals report injection drug use, and an estimated three million PWID are living with HIV.

Secretary Kerry announced today that six countries (and two regional programs) will be awarded funds. The countries are Cambodia, Ghana, Nepal, Senegal, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. The regional programs include PEPFAR’s Asia and Central American regions. These funds will be leveraged as PEPFAR’s works hand-in-hand with partner country governments and civil society to strengthen sustainable programs and interventions for key populations.

PEPFAR Heroes Award

As part of the 10th anniversary commemoration, PEPFAR is launching the “PEPFAR Heroes: Giving Hope, Saving Lives” contest. The contest seeks to highlight outstanding individuals who have demonstrated extraordinary commitment and passion in serving people and/or communities living with and affected by HIV, and to convey the partnership of the American people with the people of partner countries in creating an AIDS-free generation.

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Myanmar Election: UNICEF Urges Prioritisation Of Children

With 99 days to go before Myanmar elections, UNICEF urges candidates make children the clear winner More>>

Liberia Thousands Of Unregistered Children Born During Ebola Crisis

Thousands of unregistered children born in Liberia during Ebola crisis at risk of exploitation – UNICEF More>>

UN Refugee Agency Envoy Angelina Jolie Visits Myanmar

UNHCR Special Envoy Angelina Jolie Pitt (left) in Myitkyina township, Kachin State, Myanmar, meeting with some of the 100,000 displaced people who currently live there. Photo: UNHCR/T.Stoddart More>>

As Health Needs Rise In Somalia, Funding Hits New Low

As health needs rise in Somalia, funding hits new low, cutting off 1.5 million from care – UN More>>

Need To End Violence Against Children In Conflict

‘We should be outraged’ more not being done to end violence against children in conflict – UNICEF chief More>>

On Mandela Day, UN Joins Call To Promote Community Service

Nelson Mandela, then Deputy President of the African National Congress of South Africa, raises his fist in the air while addressing the Special Committee Against Apartheid in the General Assembly Hall. UN Photo/P. Sudhakaran More>>

Some $3.2 Billion Needed For Ebola Recovery Efforts

Some $3.2 billion needed for Ebola recovery efforts in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone – UN More>>

World Day: UN Spotlights Plight Of Vulnerable Populalations

Syrian refugees fleeing the fighting near the Syrian city of Kobani wait in a holding area before boarding buses in Turkey (September 2014). Photo: UNHCR /I. Prickett More>>

Afghanisatan: Direct Talks Between Government And Taliban

The United Nations Security Council has welcomed the recently held direct talks between Afghan Government and Taliban representatives as a step towards “peace and reconciliation” in the region. More>>

Eradicating World Hunger By 2030

Agriculture workers collect carrots on a farm in Chimaltenango, Guatemala. Photo: World Bank/Maria Fleischmann More>>

Bangladesh: Flood Leads To UN Agency Providing Food Relief

Anwar Hossain unloads cartons of High Energy Biscuits from a pickup truck and transfers them to a distribution center in Kawar Khop union, Ramu upazila, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Photo: WFP/Kamrul Mithon More>>

Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
 
World
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news