World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


South Asia and the Gulf lead rising trend in arms imports

WORLD: South Asia and the Gulf lead rising trend in arms imports as Russian exports grow

Stockholm

17 March 2014

India's arms imports are now almost 3 times as high as those of the second and third largest arms importers - China and Pakistan - according to new data on international arms transfers published today by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI). Overall, the volume of international transfers of major conventional weapons grew by 14 per cent between 2004-08 and 2009-13.

The volume of Indian imports of major weapons rose by 111 % between 2004–08 and 2009–13, and its share of the volume of international arms imports increased from 7 to 14 per cent. Pakistan's imports of major weapons increased by 119 % in the interim.

In the case of India, the major suppliers of arms were Russia, accounting for 75 %, and The U.S., accounting for 7 %. For the first time the U.S., became the second largest arms supplier to India. In distinction, the U.S.'s share of Pakistani imports in the same period was 27 %. China is also a major supplier in the region, accounting for 54 % of Pakistani arms imports and 82 % of Bangladeshi imports.

Siemon Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Program said:
"Chinese, Russian and US arms supplies to South Asia are driven by both economic and political considerations,' […] In particular, China and the USA appear to be using arms deliveries to Asia to strengthen their influence in the region.”

Russian arms deliveries remain high
The five largest suppliers of major weapons during 2009–13 were the U.S. (29 % of global arms exports), Russia (27 %), Germany (7 %), China (6 %) and France (5 %).

These top 5 suppliers accounted for 74 % of the total volume of arms exports worldwide. The U.S. and Russia together accounted for 56 % of the volume of arms exports.

Siemon Wezeman further stated:
"Russia has maintained high levels of arms exports despite the crisis in its arms industry in the post-cold war period,' […] In 2009-13 Russia delivered major arms to 52 states. Russia's most significant export in 2013 was of an aircraft carrier to India.”

Imports by Gulf States on the rise
Arms imports to Arab States of the Gulf increased by 23 % from 2004-08 to 2009-2013, accounting for 52 % of imports to the Middle East in the latter period. Saudi Arabia rose to become the 5th largest importer of major weapons worldwide in 2009-13, compared to being the 18th in 2004-08.

Several Gulf States have invested heavily in advanced, long-range strike systems and air and missile defense systems. This includes large orders of combat aircraft with precision-guided weapons from the UK and the U.S.

Pieter Wezeman, Senior Researcher with the SIPRI Arms Transfers Program said:
"The USA, which accounted for 45 per cent of arms deliveries to Gulf States, has signed a series of major deals which will maintain its high levels of arms exports to these countries. In 2013, for the first time, the USA allowed the sale of long-range air launched cruise missiles to Gulf States.

Other notable developments:
Brazil is increasing its arms imports. In 2009-13 it ordered 4 submarines from France and 2044 armored vehicles from Italy, and decided to buy 36 combat aircraft from Sweden.

South Korea was the 8th largest arms importer in 2009-13, receiving and ordering combat aircraft, missiles, reconnaissance aircraft and air defense radars in order to increase its capability to detect and destroy North Korean missiles.


Australia increased its imports of major arms by 83 % between 2004-08 and 2009-13.

China has firmly established itself as a supplier of major arms in the same category as Germany and France, and has succeeded in convincing Turkey, a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), to select Chinese air defense systems.

Imports by Azerbaijan increased by 378 % between 2004-08 and 2009-13.

Sudan and Uganda - both of which are involved in a number of conflicts - accounted for 17 and 16 %, respectively, of arms imports in sub-Saharan Africa.

European arms imports decreased by 25 % between 2004-08 and 2009-13.

In the period 2009-13, 10 countries received a total of 16 submarines of which 8 were delivered by Germany. By the end of 2013, another 50 submarines were on order.

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Palestine: Border Police Extremely Close When They Shot The US Activist

New testimony at final hearing in Tristan Anderson's trial indicates Border Police were extremely close when they shot the US activist in the head More>>

Palestine: Ni’lin Demonstrators Met With Violence

International Solidarity Movement On the 20th of March, during Ni’lin’s weekly Friday demonstration, Israeli occupation forces attacked protestors with about 20 rounds of tear gas canisters shot with the ‘venom’ tear gas launcher mounted on a military jeep ... More>>

ALSO:

UN Envoy Says Yemen On 'Rapid Downward Spiral'

Yemen stands on the brink of civil war amid deepening political tensions and an uptick in sectarian violence, United Nations Special Adviser Jamal Benomar warned today as he explained that only through dialogue could the country achieve a peaceful political transition. More>>


Continued International Support As Vanuatu Recovers

Damage seen on Saturday 14 March 2015 in Port Vila, capital of Vanuatu, after Cyclone Pam moved through the Archipelago. Photo: UNICEF Pacific More>>

UNICEF Rushes Emergency Supplies For Cyclone-Affected Tuvalu

The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) is dispatching emergency life-saving supplies to communities in Tuvalu as part of its efforts to assist communities in the Pacific region that were affected by Tropical Cyclone Pam, with nutrition and hygiene kits arriving today. More>>

Vanuatu: Regenvanu Expects 50% Of People Struck By Pam To Be Homeless

Vanuatu Minister of Lands Ralph Regenvanu says more than 50 percent of those hit by super Cyclone Pam at the weekend are now homeless. More>>

ALSO:

Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
 
World
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news