Laws admitting Crimea and Sevastopol to Russian Federation
Laws on admitting Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation
March 21, 2014, 15:30
Vladimir Putin signed Federal Constitutional Law On Admitting to the Russian Federation the Republic of Crimea and Establishing within the Russian Federation the New Constituent Entities of the Republic of Crimea and the City of Federal Importance Sevastopol, and Federal Law On Ratifying the Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Crimea on Admitting to the Russian Federation the Republic of Crimea and Establishing within the Russian Federation New Constituent Entities.
The Federal Constitutional Law is based on the result of a general referendum in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol on March 16, 2014, in which voters supported Crimea’s reunification with Russia as a constituent entity of the Russian Federation. It is also based on the Declaration of Independence by the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, the Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Crimea on Admitting the Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation and Establishing within the Russian Federation New Constituent Entities, and the proposal by the Republic of Crimea and special-status city of Sevastopol to join the Russian Federation.
Under the Federal Constitutional Law, the Republic of Crimea will join the Russian Federation and two new constituent entities are established: the Republic of Crimea and city of federal importance Sevastopol.
The Federal Constitutional Law defines the borders of the Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, recognises the granting of Russian Federation citizenship to citizens of Ukraine and stateless persons permanently resident in Crimea and Sevastopol, and also contains provisions on military service and conscription.
A transitional period will be in effect from the day of Crimea’s accession to the Russian Federation until January 1, 2015. This period will be used to organise the new constituent entities’ integration into Russia’s economic, financial, banking and legal systems and into the Russian government system.
Under the Federal Constitutional Law, Russian courts will be established in Crimea and Sevastopol. Rules and procedures have been set to ensure the functioning of the judicial and local government systems during the transitional period. Prosecutor’s offices and chambers of notaries and lawyers will be established in Crimea and Sevastopol.
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The Federal Law ratifies the Agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Crimea on Admitting the Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation and Establishing within the Russian Federation New Constituent Entities, signed in Moscow on March 18, 2014.
At ceremony signing the laws on admitting Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation.
Ceremony signing the laws on admitting Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation
March 21, 2014, 15:30 The Kremlin, Moscow
PRESIDENT OF RUSSIA VLADIMIR PUTIN: Colleagues,
This is a big and important event. We are completing today the legal procedures for admitting Crimea and Sevastopol to the Russian Federation.
I want to thank the State Duma deputies and members of the Federation Council for their thorough and at the same time quick examination of these very important documents, ratifying the agreement on Crimea and Sevastopol’s accession to the Russian Federation, and passing the Constitutional Law on admitting new constituent entities to the Russian Federation.
I congratulate all of you, all people of Russia and all residents of Crimea and Sevastopol on this occasion, which is with no exaggeration a momentous event.
Ms Matviyenko, please, go ahead.
SPEAKER OF THE FEDERATION COUNCIL VALENTINA MATVIYENKO: Mr President, colleagues,
It is probably deeply symbolic that we are meeting here in the Catherine Hall, and on the spring equinox, which marks the turn towards the sun and the dawn. I think that Russia’s people are full of just such sunny and celebratory feelings today at this reunification with our brothers in Crimea. 250 years ago, during the reign of Catherine the Great, the famed land of Taurida became part of Russia. Crimea’s long history, which is filled with difficult times and tragic events, is a part of our history too.
There were many attempts to take Crimea from Russia, many attempts to prevent Russia from having access to the Black Sea. The heroic defence of Sevastopol during the Crimean War and the city’s immortal feat during the battle against Nazism are engraved forever in our history’s chronicles.
Crimea’s recent history has been difficult too and has unfolded before our very eyes. Crimea’s tragic history began not with the Kiev Maidan, but with Khrushchev’s arbitrary decision, taken in violation of the Soviet Union’s constitution.
Crimea’s drama continued a quarter of a century later with the Belavezha Accords. Already back in 1992, the people of Crimea wanted to hold a referendum but were unable to do so. Their 20 years of struggle have finally ended in success: they have held a referendum in which the region’s peoples expressed their unanimous will.
The historic event that we are witnessing today was made possible by this unanimous decision by the people of Crimea, and thanks to our President’s firm resolve and the support from people throughout our whole country.
Mr President, I want to inform you that the Federation Council unanimously passed two laws today that complete the legal procedure for Crimea’s reunification with Russia.
I think this is good reason to congratulate everyone, congratulate people in Crimea and in Russia on this exceptional victory and great historic event. Mr President, on Monday, the flags of our two new constituent entities will fly on the Federation Council building, together with the flags of our other regions, and a new map will be on display in the building, showing Crimea as part of our country. I hope that four senators from our two new constituent entities will also soon join us in the Federation Council.
Mr President, thank you for your will and courage and for not giving in to any pressure. I hope that you felt our constant support over this time.
SPEAKER OF THE STATE DUMA SERGEI NARYSHKIN: Mr President, colleagues,
We are filled with genuine pride today at these historic events and decisions. Mr President, we are grateful to you for your firm stand that has reminded many that Russia’s greatness lies not just in the past or in the future, but is with us in the present too.
Many of the State Duma deputies visited Crimea over this last month and saw in the eyes of people there at first the hope and then the joy of having Russia’s support. This support gave them confidence and they made a clear and unambiguous choice to return to their homeland, and their homeland was waiting.
The State Duma deputies understood the situation very clearly and understood the mood of people in Crimea and why they made such a resolute decision. Yesterday, to the sound of Russia’s national anthem, State Duma deputies from all four parliamentary parties passed the law on ratifying the agreement to admit to the Russian Federation two new constituent entities and approved the federal constitutional law on this matter.
It is perfectly clear to us that Russia and the people of Crimea acted in strict accordance with international law. Those who have doubts on this point should refresh their memories and read the United Nations Charter and other basic texts of international law.
VALENTINA MATIVIYENKO: Excuse me, Mr President, but when deputies from the Crimea and Sevastopol legislative assemblies visited us, Nikolai Ryzhkov [a member of the Federation Council] said, “We will never give you away anymore.” Thank you.
VLADIMIR PUTIN: Colleagues,
I have signed several executive orders today, including one on establishing a new federal district – the Crimea Federal District, and have appointed Oleg Belaventsev Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy to the new federal district.
We have a lot of work ahead to integrate Crimea into the Russian legal, economic and social systems. I discussed these issues yesterday with the Government and again today with the Security Council, and I ask the State Duma deputies and members of the Federation Council and the Federal Assembly as a whole to take an active part in this work and do everything within your power to ensure this process not only goes smoothly but benefits everyone in Russia and in Crimea.
Thank you very much for this joint work.