World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


Poor Water Supply & Sanitation Cause High Costs On Kiribati

Poor Water Supply And Sanitation Impose High Costs On Kiribati

Inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene in South Tarawa, Kiribati’s main urban center, have been estimated to impose economic costs of between A$3.7- $7.3 million per year, equivalent to 2-4% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product in 2013, according to a new report from the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

The Economic Costs of Inadequate Water and Sanitation report is intended as a guide to inform the design of much needed reforms to improve water and sanitation services and boost sustainable urban development in Kiribati.

South Tarawa’s population of around 50,000 lives on an area of just over 15 square kilometers. As a low-lying atoll, there are limited freshwater resources, which are easily contaminated because of the high water table and soil characteristics. Kiribati is also highly vulnerable to effects of climate change.

Residents receive piped water for only two hours every two days because of high leakage from the system and limited freshwater supplies. Poorly functioning sanitation systems and sanitation practices among the local population contribute to pollution of groundwater and the surrounding marine environment

“Kiribati has among the highest rates of infant mortality in the Pacific region, which is partly linked to water-borne disease,” said ADB Pacific Urban Development Specialist Allison Woodruff, lead author of the report. Health officials report an average of three outbreaks of acute diarrheal disease in South Tarawa every year. Poor housing conditions and overcrowding also contribute to the spread of disease.

While it was not possible to quantify environmental and tourism costs in dollar terms, health costs alone were found to be substantial, equivalent to between A$553-$A1,083 per household in South Tarawa. The study shows that vulnerable groups have the most to gain from improvements, as they are more likely to suffer from illnesses including diarrhea and dysentery.

The report notes there are public and private dimensions to the challenge of reducing the economic burden of poor water and sanitation services. The Government of Kiribati can play a key role in addressing these challenges through higher levels of investment and better cost recovery in the delivery of water and sanitation services and implementing education and awareness programs to promote better understanding of the links between water, sanitation, hygiene, and health.
An integrated approach with simultaneous improvements in water supply and sanitation infrastructure, hygiene behavior, water storage practices at the household and village levels can have the greatest impact, the report says.

ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members – 48 from the region. In 2013, ADB assistance totaled $21.0 billion, including cofinancing of $6.6 billion.

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 


21 Egyptians Beheaded

Egyptian jets bombed Islamic State targets in Libya on Monday, a day after the group there released a video showing the beheading of 21 Egyptian Christians, drawing Cairo directly into the conflict across its border. More>>

Protests In Bil’in Honoring Slain US Citizens

Protesters at demonstration in Bil’in honoring slain US citizens face attacks and arrests by Israeli forces. More>>

Resolution Targeting Sources Of Financing For ISIL

Ambassadors representing two countries under attack from ISIL, Bashar Ja’afari (right) of Syria, and Mohamed Ali Alhakim of Iraq, speak to journalists following the adoption of a Security Council resolution targeting sources of financing for ... More>>

ALSO:

  • U.S. Department of State - Support for Authorization for Use of Military Force
  • "Pakistan Probably Harboured Osama Bin Laden"

    Former ISI head Lt. Gen. Asad Durrani tells Al Jazeera Pakistan probably harboured Osama Bin Laden More>>

    "Pakistan Probably Harboured Osama Bin Laden"

    Former ISI head Lt. Gen. Asad Durrani tells Al Jazeera Pakistan probably harboured Osama Bin Laden More>>

    ISM Honours Kayla Mueller

    Abdullah Abu Rahma, coordinator of the popular committee in the village of Bil’in where Kayla joined the protests, told ISM: “Kayla came to Palestine to stand in solidarity with us. She marched with us and faced the military that occupies our ... More>>


    US Measles Outbreak: UN Urges Parents Vaccinate Children

    3 February 2015 – Parents in the United States must vaccinate their children against measles in order to maintain the high levels of immunity necessary in keeping outbreaks of the aggressively contagious virus small and contained, the United Nations World ... More>>

    Ebola: Large-Scale Vaccine Trials Under Way In Liberia

    WHO welcomed the donation by the Public Health Agency of Canada of 800 vials of one of the leading candidate Ebola vaccines, rVSV-ZEBOV. Photo: WHO/M. Missioneiro (file) More>>

    Security Council Denounce Murder Of Jordanian Pilot

    3 February 2015 – For the second time in as many days, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the United Nations Security Council have jointly condemned the brutal killing of a civilian by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) – this time deploring ... More>>

    Get More From Scoop

     
     
     
     
     
    World
    Search Scoop  
     
     
    Powered by Vodafone
    NZ independent news