World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


Poor Water Supply & Sanitation Cause High Costs On Kiribati

Poor Water Supply And Sanitation Impose High Costs On Kiribati

Inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene in South Tarawa, Kiribati’s main urban center, have been estimated to impose economic costs of between A$3.7- $7.3 million per year, equivalent to 2-4% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product in 2013, according to a new report from the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

The Economic Costs of Inadequate Water and Sanitation report is intended as a guide to inform the design of much needed reforms to improve water and sanitation services and boost sustainable urban development in Kiribati.

South Tarawa’s population of around 50,000 lives on an area of just over 15 square kilometers. As a low-lying atoll, there are limited freshwater resources, which are easily contaminated because of the high water table and soil characteristics. Kiribati is also highly vulnerable to effects of climate change.

Residents receive piped water for only two hours every two days because of high leakage from the system and limited freshwater supplies. Poorly functioning sanitation systems and sanitation practices among the local population contribute to pollution of groundwater and the surrounding marine environment

“Kiribati has among the highest rates of infant mortality in the Pacific region, which is partly linked to water-borne disease,” said ADB Pacific Urban Development Specialist Allison Woodruff, lead author of the report. Health officials report an average of three outbreaks of acute diarrheal disease in South Tarawa every year. Poor housing conditions and overcrowding also contribute to the spread of disease.

While it was not possible to quantify environmental and tourism costs in dollar terms, health costs alone were found to be substantial, equivalent to between A$553-$A1,083 per household in South Tarawa. The study shows that vulnerable groups have the most to gain from improvements, as they are more likely to suffer from illnesses including diarrhea and dysentery.

The report notes there are public and private dimensions to the challenge of reducing the economic burden of poor water and sanitation services. The Government of Kiribati can play a key role in addressing these challenges through higher levels of investment and better cost recovery in the delivery of water and sanitation services and implementing education and awareness programs to promote better understanding of the links between water, sanitation, hygiene, and health.
An integrated approach with simultaneous improvements in water supply and sanitation infrastructure, hygiene behavior, water storage practices at the household and village levels can have the greatest impact, the report says.

ADB, based in Manila, is dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia and the Pacific through inclusive economic growth, environmentally sustainable growth, and regional integration. Established in 1966, it is owned by 67 members – 48 from the region. In 2013, ADB assistance totaled $21.0 billion, including cofinancing of $6.6 billion.

ENDS

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Gordon Campbell: On Britain's Pleas For Mercy

So… Boris Johnson is promising that he won't be holding a snap general election, if he's chosen as the next UK Conservative Party leader. Reportedly, he is even making that promise a feature of his leadership campaign, since a vote for Boris would therefore mean (wink wink) that his colleagues wouldn't have to risk their jobs and face the wrath of the British public until 2020. More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On The Aftermath Of Brexit

Be careful of what you ask for. Now that it has woken up from its Brexit victory hangover, is Britain acting as if it has just won the World Cup? Hardly. More>>

ALSO:

UK Labour Statement: The Shooting Of MP Jo Cox

Jeremy Corbyn MP, Leader of the Labour Party said: “The whole of the Labour Party and Labour family - and indeed the whole country - will be in shock at the horrific murder of Jo Cox today. Jo had a lifelong record of public service and a deep commitment to humanity." More>>

ALSO:

Wellington.Scoop: Rainbow Colours On MFC In Sympathy For Florida Killings
Wellington’s Michael Fowler Centre will be lit in colours of the rainbow Monday as a gesture of support for the LGBTI victims of the Pulse nightclub attack in Orlando, Florida. More>>

ALSO:

Gordon Campbell: On How Obama’s Supreme Court Choice Says Everything (Bad) About His Presidency

Nothing has epitomised the presidency of Barack Obama quite like his Supreme Court nominees. Time and again, Republican presidents will blithely nominate right wing ideological extremists (Antonin Scalia, Samuel Alito, Clarence Thomas) who only sometimes misfire and turn out to be liberals in disguise (David Souter). Yet Obama has consistently skipped over the judicially qualified liberals and gone for a succession of centrists... More>>

ALSO:

Turkey: UN Secretary-General On The Terrorist Bombing In Ankara

The Secretary-General condemns the terrorist attack in Ankara earlier today. According to the latest reports, the explosion in the Kizilay district killed and wounded dozens of people. More>>

ALSO:

Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
 
World
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news