World Video | Defence | Foreign Affairs | Natural Events | Trade | NZ in World News | NZ National News Video | NZ Regional News | Search

 


U.S. Envoy at U.N. Briefing on Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

U.S. Envoy at U.N. Briefing on Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

July 15, 2014

Statement by Ambassador David Dunn, Acting U.S. Alternate Representative for Special Political Affairs, at a UN Security Council Briefing on Post-Conflict Peacebuilding

Thank you, Mr. President, and thank you, Ambassadors Drobnjak and Patriota, for your briefings. I would also like to thank the Permanent Mission of Croatia for its work in chairing the seventh session of the Peacebuilding Commission’s Organizational Committee.

Peacebuilding is a critical task, but it is not an easy one. As Ambassador Patriota reminded us, recent events in South Sudan and the Central African Republic are stark examples of how quickly countries can slide back into conflict. But in other places, some with the PBC’s engagement, we have seen progress.

We share the Secretary General’s view that the PBC should focus on its three core functions: advocacy and sustained attention; resource mobilization; and forging coherence. The PBC can play a vital role in identifying risks and gaps in peacebuilding in countries on its agenda, marshalling resources and coordinating among donors, actively integrating civil society and women as equal partners, and ensuring that countries at risk of sliding back into conflict remain on the international community’s agenda.

I would like to raise a few specific points that highlight the impact of the PBC over the past year. First, we are very glad to see a strengthened relationship between the PBC and the Security Council. Briefings from the chairs of Country-Specific Configurations, including Liberia, Burundi, Guinea-Bissau, and Sierra Leone, provided valuable insight and served to sustain international attention to the ongoing political and socio-economic challenges facing each of these countries. We know that keeping a careful focus on countries recovering from conflict – but no longer in the headlines – is essential for peace to take hold and bear fruit. This remains a critical function of the Commission.

Second, we see a clear link between peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts. This Council affirmed the need for coherence among peacekeeping and peacebuilding efforts with Resolution 2086, which recognized peacekeepers as early peacebuilders. In the last year, we put that concept into operation through the creation of two multidimensional peacekeeping operations – in Mali and the Central African Republic. Both are mandated with support to peacebuilding tasks, including strengthening the security sector and rule of law.

Other missions similarly have major peacebuilding roles, such as those in Haiti, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire. Their efforts will gain increased attention as they continue to drawdown their role and make sure the transition to the host country ownership is effective and successful.

Third, of course, is the role of the PBC as a platform to help international efforts for sustained peace. In Burundi, the PBC has promoted mutual accountability between donors and the Government of Burundi. It has maintained a strong focus on the political environment in the lead-up to national elections; for example, by convening regular meetings to discuss a united strategy on the way forward. The United States counts on the PBC to continue its engagement in Burundi as the UN office, BNUB, winds down. We welcome the PBC’s close cooperation with the Council-mandated Elections Observation Mission.
In the Central African Republic, the PBC’s re-engagement can help to identify gaps in the international community’s response to the situation there, helping to provide critical support for the beleaguered national government.
None of this works, of course, without a national commitment to peacebuilding. The PBC can be most effective in supporting implementation of nationally-owned peacebuilding and development plans. The post-election transition plan for Guinea-Bissau is a case in point.

This synthesis on national buy-in and control over peacebuilding initiatives must bring with it the good-faith efforts of the national governments. Last month’s first Annual Session of the PBC focused on resource mobilization. As the international community works to identify innovative ways to broaden the tax base and build the capacity of post-conflict national governments, it is critical that those governments are transparent in how they are spending those funds, and that such funds are directed towards national peace and state building priorities.

We are also glad to see that the PBC continues reform efforts such as building stronger partnerships with international financial institutions and the Peacebuilding Fund, which has proven to be a flexible and catalytic instrument to address immediate needs of countries in crisis.

Finally, the United States shares the view that we should make the most of the upcoming 2015 review of the UN’s peacebuilding architecture. We should be clear and candid about how to make it as effective as possible. The United States is enthusiastically participating in this review process, and looks forward to the views of those most involved in its efforts to date, including this morning’s briefers and some of the members of the Council.

Thank you.

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
 
 
World Headlines

 

UN: Announces Mission To Combat Ebola

Ebola outbreak: a peacekeeper with the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) wears a protective mask while on duty at UN offices in the capital city of Monrovia. UN Photo/Andrey Tsarkov More>>

Syria: Life-Saving Food Aid In Jeopardy For Millions Of Syrians

18 September 2014 – The United Nations World Food Programme ( WFP ) today warned that it is running out of funds to provide food for almost 6 million Syrians receiving its life-saving assistance. More>>

UN Warns: Hundreds Of Yemeni Families In Need Of Aid

Two displaced girls stand in front of the classroom where their family has been living in Aden, Yemen. Photo: UNHCR/P. Rubio Larrauri More>>

Ukraine: Victim "Tortured By Russian-Sponsored Militants"

GENEVA, September 17, 2014 – Irina Dovgan, a Ukrainian woman who made international headlines after she was publicly abused by Russian-sponsored militants in eastern Ukraine, testified today before the UN Human Rights Council. More>>

Gaza: Detention Conditions Of Palestinians Arrested By Israelis

PCHR Follows up Detention Conditions of Palestinians Arrested by Israeli Forces in Latest Offensive on the Gaza Strip More>>


UN: ‘Heinous’ Murder Of British Aid Worker By Islamic Militants

A wide view of the Security Council in session (file photo). UN Photo/Paulo Filgueiras More>>

ALSO:

UN: Nuclear Programmes Of DPR Korea, Iran Remain Serious Concern

IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano (left) delivers his introductory statement at the Board of Governors Meeting in Vienna, Austria. Photo: IAEA/Dean Calma More>>

Libya: Closer To Brink Of Protracted Conflict And Strife

Special Representative and head of the UN Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) Bernardino Léon. UN Photo/Evan Schneider More>>

Get More From Scoop

 
 
 
 
 
World
Search Scoop  
 
 
Powered by Vodafone
NZ independent news