Enhancing regional economic cooperation
Enhancing regional economic cooperation and integration
advance the 2030 Agenda in Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok (ESCAP News) – A United
Nations meeting in Bangkok today concluded
that fostering regional economic cooperation and integration (RECI) in
Asia-Pacific holds great potential to further reduce poverty, and advance
the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Organized by the United Nations Economic and
Social Commission for Asia and
the Pacific (ESCAP), the high-level dialogue brought together senior
officials and experts from the region to identify challenges and propose
recommendations for enhancing RECI to support the Sustainable Development
highlighted that RECI has assumed renewed significance
emerging threats from attempts to dislodge globalization and derail
multilateralism, evolving political challenges and dynamics, and
opportunities offered by the all-encompassing 2030 Agenda.
two-day meeting, United Nations Under-Secretary General
Executive Secretary of ESCAP Dr. Shamshad Akhtar emphasized that ESCAP has
a long standing mandate for promoting RECI in Asia and the Pacific. “Over
the past three decades, RECI has benefited our region significantly -
powering trade, economic growth and stability. It has attracted investment
as markets were liberalised and competitiveness increased, and strengthened
the ability of policymakers to overcome domestic challenges,” said Dr.
“Our region’s experience tells us that
deepening RECI holds great potential
to further reduce poverty and deliver inclusive sustainable development. It
needs to be at the heart of our efforts to meet the SDGs,” she added.
Delegates attending the meeting
emphasized that RECI and the 2030 Agenda
are mutually reinforcing processes and have to be pursued in a way that
they support each other. It was noted that RECI can bring about enormous
opportunities for increasing income and employment and eventually
contribute to achieving the SDGs, in particular transboundary goals.
underscored that the approach to RECI has to be reoriented,
it is guided by the framework of the SDGs. The Executive Secretary
highlighted that RECI can advance implementation of the SDGs by generating
opportunities for enhancing employment across the region, thereby
contributing directly to decent work and economic growth (Goal 8),
industry, innovation and infrastructure (Goal 9), and affordable and clean
energy (Goal 7). It also strengthens the means of implementation and
contributes towards revitalization of global partnership for sustainable
development (Goal 17).
During the deliberations, participants proposed four
key recommendations to
advance RECI in Asia and the Pacific. These included: the full
implementation of the Framework Agreement on facilitation of Cross-Border
Paperless Trade, which would further enhance market integration, reduce
non-tariff barriers and reach multilateral agreements; the need to build on
existing bilateral intergovernmental agreements to realise the vision of
seamless connectivity in the areas of transport, energy and ICT; the
strengthening of regional financial cooperation and crisis management
capacity; as well as collectively addressing shared vulnerabilities,
particularly for transboundary disasters.
As its share of world GDP increases and as
protectionist sentiment grows in
Asia-Pacific export markets, the case for strengthening RECI to support
intraregional trade and investment as an engine of regional growth is
clear. Since the onset of the global financial and economic crisis of 2008,
the share of Asia-Pacific’s traditional export markets, as a percentage of
global GDP, has decreased. With a combined GDP of $27 trillion and a 40 per
cent share of global export, robust growth in the Asia-Pacific would set it
on course to become the most important market in the world.
The first Ministerial Conference on RECI was held
in December 2013, where
representatives of ESCAP member States adopted the Bangkok Declaration,
setting the agenda for RECI in the Asia-Pacific region.