Complaint against EC for failing to uphold rights in trade
INTERNATIONAL TRADE UNION CONFEDERATION
Complaint lodged against the European Commission for failing to uphold fundamental human rights in trade policy
Brussels, 12 June 2018 (ITUC OnLine): The ITUC, the Clean Clothes Campaign (CCC) and the HEC-NYU EU Public Interest Clinic have today filed a formal complaint with the European Ombudsman. The labour rights organisations claim the European Commission is not taking into account its human rights obligations regarding trade policies towards Bangladesh, and is not transparent about doing so.
Bangladesh benefits from preferential tariffs on its exports to Europe under the EU’s Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), an EU instrument which was enacted to encourage sustainable development in beneficiary countries. The GSP requires those beneficiary countries to maintain certain labour standards and to respect human rights. As a UN-classified least developed country, Bangladesh benefits from the most favorable regime under the GSP, the “Everything But Arms” arrangement (EBA). As the name suggests, the EBA scheme grants duty-free and quota-free access to the EU Single Market for all export products except for arms and ammunition. Bangladesh is the most significant beneficiary of the EBA, and the EU is Bangladesh’s primary trade partner. The ready-made garment (RMG) industry accounts for a large majority of Bangladesh’s exports and employs four million workers.
Bangladesh has committed serious and systematic violations of fundamental workers’ rights. Conditions there are unsafe for millions of workers. Additionally, the labour laws of Bangladesh create significant obstacles to the exercise of the right to freedom of association, to organise and to bargain collectively. Further, the government has not effectively enforced even these flawed laws, and workers’ complaints to authorities are routinely ignored. Without bargaining power or legal recourse, workers have been forced to live in extreme poverty.
The European Commission has urged Bangladesh to improve conditions, but has not launched a formal investigation concerning Bangladesh's GSP status, while the GSP would provide a very powerful tool for the Commission to ensure that economic development does not leave workers behind. Furthermore, the Commission has failed to create a transparent and objective process for deciding when an investigation should be launched, making it impossible for NGOs or others to participate.
“The government of Bangladesh needs to stand up for working people, and not simply bow to the demands of powerful factory owners, many of whom are responsible for egregious exploitation. This complaint is aimed at getting the European Union to send a very clear message to Bangladesh, in line with the commitments the EU itself has made. We are working closely with the ETUC on this issue, and thank them for their support,” said ITUC General Secretary Sharan Burrow.
“As Bangladesh’s largest trade partner, the EU has a responsibility to ensure that the workers who make Europeans’ clothing are operating in safe factory conditions. Launching an investigation will not lead to an automatic cut-off of Bangladesh’s trade privileges – instead, it shows that Europe is committed to upholding labour standards fairly and consistently,” said Paige Morrow, Executive Director of the HEC-NYU EU Public Interest Clinic.
The full complaint and appendices can be found here: https://www.ituc-csi.org/bangladesh-complaint-to-the