Book Reviews | Gordon Campbell | Scoop News | Wellington Scoop | Community Scoop | Search

 

Growing Human Smuggling Trade Worth Billions

Australian Institute of Criminology

Media Release

"Yesterday's discovery of the largest boatload of illegal immigrants ever to arrive in Australia is a major organised crime and human rights issue", said Director of the Australian Institute of Criminology, Dr Adam Graycar, today.

Smuggling and trafficking in human beings is a lucrative industry involving about four million people and turning over billions of dollars each year worldwide.

Speaking in Israel at an international conference on Migration, Culture and Crime, Dr Graycar said the continuing growth of the industry would not only compromise the immigration programs of countries like Australia, but spark international tensions between countries.

"While only a relatively small number of illegal immigrants come to Australia at present, our vast expanse of coastline, high standard of living, and economic and political stability make it a very attractive destination. But Australian authorities are performing well under difficult circumstances", he said.

Illegal migrants may be escaping poverty, unemployment, persecution or conflict. In many instances they are driven by despair and lured by false promises or misled by misinformation about migration regulations.

Illegal migrants fall into four categories:

those who pay the smugglers, knowing they are acting illegally; those who pay, believing they are acting legally, but jumping the queue; those who cannot afford to pay the full amount, but are willing to work off the debt in the new country; and those who are totally unaware of what is happening to them, for example, children who have been sold.

The paper Dr Graycar presented at the conference, Trafficking in Human Beings, outlines the structure and activities of trafficking networks, and the law enforcement response.

"While law enforcement has a very important role to play, the ultimate answer lies in international cooperation, treaties and enforceable legislation", he said.

The Australian Institute of Criminology has embarked on a major international study in conjunction with the United Nations, which will:

assess the current smuggling/trafficking situation; assess the institutional capacity to respond to these crimes; provide legal advice and technical cooperation; and develop a national strategy and elements of a sub-regional strategy for future adoption by government and possibly ASEAN.

16 August 1999

© Scoop Media

 
 
 
World Headlines

 

Afghanistan: Record Number Of Women And Children Killed Or Wounded

More women and children were killed and wounded in Afghanistan in the first half of 2021 than in the first six months of any year since records began in 2009, a United Nations report revealed on Monday... More>>

Tale Of Two Pandemics: Follow The Science And Do Not Forget One At The Cost Of The Other

Covid-19 has posed innumerable health, economic, and social challenges for all, including people living with HIV. It has exposed the fragility of health systems around the globe and has diverted political attention and funding from other infectious diseases like TB and HIV... More>>


UN: Rights Chief Calls For Prompt Release Of Protestors Held In Cuba
The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights on Friday called for the prompt release of protestors and journalists detained during anti-government demonstrations in Cuba, some of whom are being held incommunicado... More>>

Focus On: UN SDGs



Food Systems: More Than 100 Countries Discuss Visions For Futures To Accelerate Global Action Ahead Of September Summit

More than 100 countries came together over the course of three-days to discuss how they will transform their national food systems to drive progress against the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030... More>>


Food Systems: Italian & Rwandan Leaders Join Urgent Call To Transform World’s Food Systems As Pre-Summit Begins

Italian Prime Minister Mario Draghi and Rwandan President Paul Kagame stress need for more inclusive, sustainable and holistic approaches ahead of the Summit in New York in September... More>>


UN: Play:Fair For People And Planet – A Major United Nations Music Activation
organized by the UN SDG Action Campaign in partnership with Music Innovation Hub, Keychange, the city of Milan, the Milan Triennale, and partners from the SDG Music Network, will be held at an unexpected location in the center of Milan, Italy, taking into account safety measures with a limited on-site audience consisting of activists and fans... More>>