TPP: Canada in, NZ releases National Impact Analysis
By Pattrick Smellie
Jan. 26 (BusinessDesk) - The New Zealand government has published a 277-page assessment of the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade and investment agreement, concluding it is in the national interest, protects Maori rights under the Treaty of Waitangi, and carves out the ability for governments to regulate in key areas, including land and water rights, without fear of being sued by foreign investors.
The release of the National Interest Analysis, a document required ahead of a parliamentary select committee inquiry into the TPP as part of the ratification process, comes as opponents accuse the government of seeking to incite violent protest by holding an international signing ceremony in Auckland two days ahead of the Feb. 6 national day, Waitangi Day.
“Hosting the signing of the TPPA at SkyCity just before Waitangi Day is a calculated move by the government, presumably with the goal of inciting violence and attempting to discredit the huge campaign against the TPPA”, said Barry Coates, former Green Party candidate and spokesman for the anti-TPP movement It's Our Future, in a statement.
A prominent critic of the agreement, Auckland University law professor Jane Kelsey, dismissed the analysis as "a totally predictable cheer-leading exercise that talks up the supposed gains and largely ignores the huge downsides of the TPPA."
The NIA document's release also coincides with the release of a final version of the TPP text and a decision by the Canadian International Trade Minister, Chrystia Freeland, to attend the Feb. 4 signing, scotching speculation that the newly elected Canadian government of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau might walk away early from the pact, which was negotiated in the dying days of the country's previous administration.
"For Parliament to fully evaluate the merits of the TPP and for consultations to continue, Canada needs to stay at the table with the other TPP countries," said Freeland. "Not attending would mean withdrawing from the TPP altogether, even before Canadians have had an opportunity to fully debate its implications."
It was "too soon to close the door" on TPP, although "signing does not equal ratifying," she said on the same day as New Zealand Labour Party leader Andrew Little told Radio New Zealand that a Labour-led government would "defy" and "not be bound by" any elements of the agreement that broke Labour's bottom-line conditions. The area of greatest pressure for Labour is the treatment of land sales to foreigners.
While the TPP agreement "carves out" New Zealand's Overseas Investment Office process, which can see "sensitive land" sales blocked, a colleague of Kelsey's, Amokura Kawharu, notes in a critique of the agreement that "the exceptions are narrowly drawn."
"For example, the government can adjust the factors for screening investments into New Zealand under the Overseas Investment Act 2005, but cannot add new categories of investment into the screening regime."
Labour wants to be able to curb residential land and house sales to foreigners and does not regard a clause in the TPP, inserted by New Zealand negotiators and allowing discriminatory tax treatment of residential land sales to foreigners, as sufficient protection.
The NIA argues that the Treaty of Waitangi clauses in the TPP are the same as in other free-trade agreements, so that "nothing in the TPP prevents the Crown from meeting its obligations to Maori, including the Treaty of Waitangi."
TPP also, for the first time in such an agreement, creates processes "which may include taking into account information related to traditional knowledge".
"This is an important step forward for the protection of traditional knowledge," the NIA says.
On the much-criticised investor-state dispute settlement provisions, allowing investors to take governments to arbitration, the NIA notes that "agreements relating to matters such as land, water or the delivery of correctional, healthcare or other social services are not covered by investment agreements and are not subject to ISDS" and that ISDS provisions only relate to the investment chapter and not other parts of the TPP text.
TPP also requires that the tribunals hearing ISDS disputes be open to the public, that their decisions be published, and that expert and other witnesses be able to be called to give evidence.