COVID-19 Exposing New Zealanders’ Financial Vulnerability
A survey on the impact of COVID-19 on New Zealanders’ financial wellbeing undertaken during Level 4 showed 34% of households were in difficulty and 40% were at risk of tipping into hardship.
The survey of 3,000 New Zealanders across the last two weeks in April was conducted by the Commission for Financial Capability (CFFC) as part of an international study in eight countries. So far two other countries’ results are in, from the UK and Norway, showing New Zealanders’ were worst affected of the three.
In the UK, 28% of respondents were in difficulty and 37% at risk; in Norway only 8% of people were in difficulty and 30% were at risk.
Other key findings of the New Zealand study were:
- 10% of households had already missed a rent or mortgage payment, and housing stress was highest in Auckland
- Māori, Pacific Peoples and young people were worst affected
- Workers in insecure forms of work before the crisis were among the worst affected, and they were disproportionately young and non-European
- Low confidence was leading to decisions informed by panic, such as taking out extra loans or trying to access KiwiSaver funds through hardship withdrawals
- High numbers had switched their KiwiSaver fund to one that was more conservative, thus locking in their losses
- Free financial guidance, and the option to negotiate with creditors, were under-utilised
- The results account for the 40% of all households surveyed in which at least one member was receiving the wage subsidy
Head of the CFFC, Retirement Commissioner Jane Wrightson, said the survey was a snapshot of New Zealanders’ fragile finances at the end of Level 4.
“It was a dark time for many, and we acknowledge that some may be feeling more optimistic now that we’re in Level 2 and following the Budget announcements,” says Wrightson. “However, it is generally accepted that income loss will get worse before it gets better.”
Reasons for New Zealanders’ low financial resilience compared to survey respondents in other countries included our low levels of household savings before the crisis (New Zealanders have the worst savings rate in the OECD). Other issues include low social welfare benefits, a large number of people with jobs in tourism and international education, and a high number of people in insecure employment, including those in casual work, the self-employed, or on temporary contracts.
Wrightson said the 40% group at risk of slipping into financial difficulty if their income reduced in the next three months, as many expected it would, was concerning.
“They are the group that should be instrumental in helping to rebuild our economy – young couples with children and mortgages, most of them employed, self-employed or business owners. We need to help them bounce back so they can play a defining role in post-COVID New Zealand.”
“The Government’s temporary income support payments announced this week will help this group manage their high commitments while they seek new jobs or retrain,” she said.
Looking further ahead, Wrightson said New Zealanders might need help with saving to build up their resilience against future financial shocks.
“Our Review of Retirement Income Policies last year recommended that KiwiSaver accounts be built with a sidecar savings facility which could be drawn upon in emergencies.”
This may also prevent people in hardship turning to their KiwiSaver fund as a first rather than a last resort.
While the numbers who had actually applied to withdraw their KiwiSaver funds under hardship by the end of April was low, 16% of members were considering it, including 30% of Māori and Pacific members and 22% of renters. Renters drawing down their funds could derail plans to use them as a deposit on a first home.
Conversely, there had been relatively low uptake of free financial guidance such as that provided by FinCap’s MoneyTalks service.
“In the Review we also recommended a financial capability hub for KiwiSaver hardship applicants, so they could gain budgeting help and assess all their options before potentially damaging their retirement income,” says Wrightson. “This crisis indicates a hub would be helpful in helping people take a breath and access other forms of assistance.”
CFFC would update its results when data from the other countries taking part became available and seek to do the survey again at a later date to see how New Zealanders were faring.