Times Higher Education 100 under 50 Ranking
Publication of the Second Annual Times Higher Education 100 under 50 Ranking
- Australia emerges as the second strongest nation in the prestigious “horizon scanning” list – with 13 institutions in the top 100, behind only the UK (down from 14)
- South Korea’s Postech heads the list of the world’s top 100 universities under 50 years old for the second consecutive year, while fellow Korean institution KAIST moves up to 3rd
- Australia’s number one institution is Queensland University of Technology, which moved up from 40th to 26th
- Eight nations make the world’s top 10 – with Singapore (Nanyang Technological University in 8th) and the Netherlands (Maastricht University in 6th) joining South Korea, Switzerland, Hong Kong, the US, the UK and France
- New Zealand has two representatives, with University of Waikato making the world top 50, in 46th place
- Asia performs well, with Taiwan taking five top 100 places, and Hong Kong four while star performers in Singapore and South Korea stand out
- Brazil’s sole representative, the State University of Campinas, makes gains, but there is no room at the top for India, mainland China or Russia
- Twenty-eight countries/regions are represented in the list of potential higher education stars, providing unique insights into the nations best poised to challenge the traditional dominance of the UK and the US
Times Higher Education magazine today publishes the 2013 edition of its annual Times Higher Education 100 Under 50 ranking – a bespoke evaluation of the world’s top 100 universities under 50 years of age.
The ranking provides a fresh perspective by examining the new breed of global universities – those that have managed to join the world’s best in a matter of decades rather than centuries, and which have the potential to become future global leaders.
The list also shows us which nations may
challenge the US and the UK as future higher education
powerhouses, and Australia seems well placed on current
The 2013 THE 100 Under 50 uses the same comprehensive list of 13 performance indicators that underpin the prestigious THE World University Rankings, but employs a specially recalibrated methodology (developed in consultation with experts) to better capture the characteristics of young institutions.
The ranking is once again headed by South Korea’s Pohang University of Science and Technology (Postech), while its national rival, the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), draws closer to the top by moving from 5th to 3rd.
Switzerland’s École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne retains second place, while the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology falls from 3rd to 4th. The University of California, Irvine is 5th, down from 4th last year.
The top 10 includes representatives of eight countries: new to the list are the Netherlands’ Maastricht University (6th) and Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University (8th). France’s Université Pierre et Marie Curie is ninth (down from 6th) and is joined by Université Paris-Sud in 10th.
Unlike the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, which examine institutional performance irrespective of history and heritage, the 100 Under 50 is designed to be dynamic and forward-looking, so only universities founded in 1963 or later are listed.
As with last year, the UK has more institutions in the top 100 list than any other nation. However, its figure of 18 institutions is down two year on year. The UK’s 2012 tally of three top 10 universities has fallen to just one.
In terms of national strength, Australia follows the UK with 13 institutions (down from 14 last year). While it loses two from the list (Edith Cowan University and RMIT University), it gains one: Murdoch University (founded in 1973) takes joint 57th place after submitting data for the first time in 2012-13.
Australia’s top-ranked institution, the Queensland University of Technology, jumps from 40th last year to joint 26th. The University of South Australia is another to show significant improvement, rising from 65th to 48th.
New Zealand has two representatives, both founded in 1964: the University of Waikato (46th) and Massey University (81st).
While it dominates the traditional university rankings, the US has only eight institutions in the top 100 and most of them are losing ground. Canada has four institutions on the list, all established in the 1960s. They are headed by the University of Victoria in joint 20th place.
Overall, 28 countries/regions feature in the list, compared with 30 last year.
Australia & New Zealand’s neighbours in Asia again make an impressive showing in the under-50 rankings, with eight countries in the continent represented (although there is no place for mainland China or India).
The top Asian nation in terms of numbers is Taiwan, which has five representatives, led by National Sun Yat-Sen University in 37th spot (down from joint 30th last year).
Hong Kong stands out: not only are all four of its representatives in the top 40, but it also boasts some of the youngest institutions in the ranking. Its top performer, the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, in fourth place overall, was founded in 1991. The City University of Hong Kong (18th) was established in 1984, while Hong Kong Polytechnic University (joint 34th) gained its university title as recently as 1994.
South Korea may have only two representatives in the top 100, but with Postech taking first place and KAIST rising from fifth to third, the nation is attracting a lot of international attention. Singapore, although with only a single representative in the ranking (Nanyang Technological University in 8th), is also an exciting prospect.
Japan has one player, the University of Tsukuba, which falls from 39th to joint 49th.
The Times Higher Education 100 Under 50 is part of the portfolio of university ranking systems that have established THE as the world’s most respected and widely referenced provider of comparative university performance data.
• There are 28
countries/regions in the top 100 reputation list
• Eight countries are represented in the top 10: South Korea, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Hong Kong, Singapore, the US, France and the UK
• A number of countries with no representatives in the top 200 of the 2012-13 THE World University Rankings feature in the 100 Under 50, including Spain, Portugal, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Italy and Greece
• The youngest institution in the list is Austria’s Medical University of Vienna, which was founded in its current form in 2004
• France has seven institutions in the ranking, with two top 10 representatives: Université Pierre et Marie Curie (9th) and Université Paris-Sud (10th).
• Russia, India and mainland China do not have a single university in the 100 Under 50
• The US has only eight representatives in the list
Baty, editor of the Times Higher Education Rankings,
“These new figures are really exciting. They disrupt the settled higher education hierarchies. They show clearly that new powers in global higher education and research are emerging.
“The traditional elite cannot afford to coast on centuries of history and tradition, or rely too heavily on reputation – there is a new breed of dynamic universities emerging quickly and visibly to challenge for their crowns. Some of these younger institutions have proven that with the right focus and support, they can establish themselves as serious global forces in years rather than generations, and already compete with and even eclipse their ancient rivals. Others show signs of massive potential.
“The THE 100 Under 50 rankings also serve as a warning to Western governments that enjoy great economic returns from established, world-leading higher education systems without investing in the future: through investment, innovation and strategic vision, East Asian nations have been able to build world-class institutions quickly – and many more nations are following suit. These rankings prove that the competition for future world dominance in higher education and research is wide open.”
Quotes on each country are provided later in this release, after the data tables
THE 2013 TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION
100 UNDER 50 RANKINGS
(Copyright Times Higher Education 2013. http://www.timeshighereducation.co.uk/world-university-rankings/)
2013 Rank 2012 Rank 2012-13 WUR Score Institution Name Country/Region
1 1 50 Pohang University of Science and Technology Republic of Korea
2 2 40 École Polytechnique Fédérale of Lausanne Switzerland
3 5 68 Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology Republic of Korea
4 3 =65 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Hong Kong
5 4 96 University of California, Irvine US
6 19 115 Maastricht University Netherlands
7 8 103 University of York UK
8 16 86 Nanyang Technological University Singapore
9 6 81 Université Pierre et Marie Curie France
10 - 92 Université Paris-Sud France
11 7 =122 University of California, Santa Cruz US
12 12 =124 Chinese University Hong Kong Hong Kong
13 13 =124 University of Warwick UK
14 9 =145 Lancaster University UK
15 29 167 University of Texas at Dallas US
16 10 =176 University of East Anglia UK
17 15 166 University Paris Diderot ¬- Paris 7 France
18 18 182 City University of Hong Kong Hong Kong
19 11 =184 University of Illinois at Chicago US
=20 14 201-225 Universität Konstanz Germany
=20 - =196 University of Victoria Canada
22 24 201-225 Autonomous University of Barcelona Spain
=23 28 226-250 University of Calgary Canada
=23 25 251-275 University of Milan-Bicocca Italy
25 17 201-225 Pompeu Fabra University Spain
=26 40 251-275 Queensland University of Technology Australia
=26 =30 226-250 Simon Fraser University Canada
28 44 251-275 State University of Campinas Brazil
=29 20 251-275 University of Essex UK
=29 22 251-275 Umeå University Sweden
31 - 226-250 Koç University Turkey
32 =46 276-300 Université Montpellier 2 France
33 27 276-300 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Sweden
=34 =37 276-300 University of Bath UK
=34 =46 251-275 Hong Kong Polytechnic University Hong Kong
36 =33 251-275 Macquarie University Australia
37 =30 301-350 National Sun Yat-Sen University Taiwan
38 36 276-300 University of Southern Denmark Denmark
39 32 226-250 Bilkent University Turkey
=40 - 276-300 Universität Bayreuth Germany
=40 42 276-300 Universität Bielefeld Germany
=40 45 276-300 University of Newcastle Australia
43 =33 301-350 University of Wollongong Australia
44 35 301-350 Brunel University UK
45 55 351-400 National Taiwan University of Science and Technology Taiwan
46 58 301-350 University of Waikato New Zealand
47 68 301-350 Sharif University of Technology Iran
48 65 301-350 University of South Australia Australia
=49 - 301-350 Medical University of Vienna Austria
=49 39 301-350 University of Tsukuba Japan
51 59 301-350 Linköping University Sweden
52 49 301-350 Autonomous University of Madrid Spain
=53 =50 301-350 University of Crete Greece
=53 60 - Plymouth University UK
55 =50 301-350 University of Guelph Canada
56 43 301-350 University of Tromsø Norway
=57 - 301-350
Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1 France
=57 - 301-350 Murdoch University Australia
59 57 351-400 George Mason University US
60 63 301-350 University of Maryland, Baltimore County US
=61 54 301-350 University of Eastern Finland Finland
=61 =50 351-400 University of Stirling UK
63 =72 351-400 Heriot-Watt University UK
64 41 301-350 Johannes Kepler Universität Linz Austria
65 69 351-400 Loughborough University UK
=66 66 351-400 Aveiro University Portugal
=66 =78 351-400 Deakin University Australia
68 - 301-350 King Abdulaziz University Saudi Arabia
69 - 351-400 Universität Duisburg-Essen Germany
70 53 351-400 University of Texas at San Antonio US
=71 67 351-400 Aalborg University Denmark
=71 =78 351-400 Flinders University Australia
=71 56 351-400 University of Surrey UK
74 64 351-400 National University of Ireland, Maynooth Republic of Ireland
75 62 351-400 University of Hertfordshire UK
76 - 351-400 University of Minho Portugal
=77 48 351-400 Charles Darwin University Australia
=77 - 351-400 University of Vigo Spain
79 71 351-400 University of Strathclyde UK
80 74 351-400 Polytechnic University of Valencia Spain
81 77 351-400 Massey University New Zealand
82 - 351-400 Université Paris Dauphine France
83 88 351-400 University of Technology, Sydney Australia
=84 =86 - Dublin City University Republic of Ireland
=84 84 - Florida International University US
86 =81 - Griffith University Australia
87 =75 - Curtin University of Technology Australia
=88 =81 - La Trobe University Australia
=88 =72 - Liverpool John Moores University UK
=90 - - National Chung Cheng University Taiwan
=90 94 - King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals Saudi Arabia
92 85 - New University of Lisbon Portugal
93 - - Tampere University of Technology Finland
=94 =75 - Université Paris 13 France
=94 70 - Yuan Ze University Taiwan
96 83 - Aston University UK
97 80 - University of Kent UK
98 95 - National Yang-Ming University Taiwan
=99 =86 - Polytechnic University of Catalonia Spain
=99 - - The Open University UK
THE 2013 TIMES HIGHER EDUCATION 100 UNDER 50 –
NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES FROM EACH COUNTRY IN THE TOP
(Copyright Times Higher Education 2013.
Country/Region Number of Institutions Top
Institution 2013 Rank
UK 18 University of York 7
Australia 13 Queensland University of Technology =26
US 8 University of California, Irvine 5
France 7 Université Pierre et Marie Curie 9
Spain 6 Autonomous University of Barcelona 22
Taiwan 5 National Sun Yat-Sen University 37
Canada 4 University of Victoria =20
Germany 4 Universität Konstanz =20
Hong Kong 4 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology 4
Portugal 3 Aveiro University 66
Sweden 3 Umeå University =29
Austria 2 Medical University of Vienna =49
Denmark 2 University of Southern Denmark 38
Finland 2 University of Eastern Finland =61
Republic of Ireland 2 National University of Ireland, Maynooth 74
Republic of Korea 2 Pohang University of Science and Technology 1
New Zealand 2 University of Waikato 46
Saudi Arabia 2 King Abdulaziz University 68
Turkey 2 Koç University 31
Brazil 1 State University of Campinas 28
Greece 1 University of Crete =53
Iran 1 Sharif University of Technology 47
Italy 1 University of Milan-Bicocca =23
Japan 1 University of Tsukuba =49
Netherlands 1 Maastricht University 6
Norway 1 University of Tromsø 56
Singapore 1 Nanyang Technological University 8
Switzerland 1 École Polytechnique Fédérale of Lausanne 2
Country by country quotes
All quotes by Phil Baty, editor, Times Higher Education Rankings
“This ranking is good news for Australia. Only the UK has more representatives in the top 100 list than the country, which beats the likes of the US and France. Australian universities did very well in the 2012-13 World University Rankings, but this list shows the true strength of its system – it includes representatives from the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and 1990s, and shows that it is not just Australia’s traditional elite that can compete on the world stage.
“But there are warning signs for Australia, too: it has no institutions in the top 20 and two representatives have dropped out of the top 100 this year. Meanwhile, a number of East Asian institutions have consolidated their positions.
“Many nations are focusing on building world-class institutions, backed with serious investment, so Australia’s recently confirmed funding cuts should be viewed with concern.”
“The 130-year-old University of Auckland is New Zealand’s only top 200 player in the overall World University Rankings, so the presence of two institutions in the 100 Under 50 is good news and a sign of future potential.
“But while it offers encouragement, the ranking should also serve as a warning: it is full of younger and higher-placed institutions from developing economies that have focused resources on building world-class universities. The competition is only going to intensify as more nations and institutions join the race.”